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Plant Physiol. Apr 1988; 86(4): 1095–1098.
PMCID: PMC1054633

Cytokinin Fluxes during Floral Induction in the Long Day Plant Sinapis alba L. 1

Abstract

Sinapis alba is a long-day (LD) plant that can be induced to flower by a single LD. A number of changes normally occurring in the meristem of plants subjected to the LD can be produced in short day by a single application of a cytokinin to the apical bud. However, flower buds are not produced indicating that evocation by the cytokinin is only partial. In this work, the cytokinin content of root exudate, obtained under vacuum, and of leaf exudate, obtained by the EDTA-method, has been analyzed comparatively in vegetative and induced plants, using reversed-phase HPLC coupled to the Amaranthus bioassay. The results show that, as early as 16 hours after the start of the LD, there is an increase of cytokinin activity in both the root and leaf exudates of induced plants. These observations fit nicely with previous results obtained on Sinapis, and they indicate that cytokinins are part of the floral stimulus in this species.

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Selected References

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