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Br J Ophthalmol. Aug 1978; 62(8): 547–550.
PMCID: PMC1043282

Senile macular changes in the black African.


One thousand black African and 380 white Caucasian patients over the age of 50 were examined for evidence of age-related macular changes, namely, drusen, pigment epithelial atrophy, and disciform macular degeneration. Drusen and pigment epithelial changes were found to occur twice as commonly in Caucasians as in Africans; there was a much greater difference in the prevalence of disciform macular degeneration between the 2 groups. The cause of the differences remains unexplained.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Gass JD. Drusen and disciform macular detachment and degeneration. Arch Ophthalmol. 1973 Sep;90(3):206–217. [PubMed]
  • Gregor Z, Bird AC, Chisholm IH. Senile disciform macular degeneration in the second eye. Br J Ophthalmol. 1977 Feb;61(2):141–147. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Sarks SH. Ageing and degeneration in the macular region: a clinico-pathological study. Br J Ophthalmol. 1976 May;60(5):324–341. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

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