• We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Logo of jnnpsycJournal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and PsychiatryCurrent TOCInstructions for authors
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. Apr 1989; 52(4): 497–501.
PMCID: PMC1032299

The non-linear relationship between nerve conduction velocity and skin temperature.

Abstract

Median motor and sensory nerves were examined in 20 healthy subjects. Superficial stimulating and recording electrodes were used, and the nerves were examined at natural skin temperature, after cooling and after heating of the arm. The conduction velocity for the fastest and slow conducting sensory fibres (temperature range 17-37 degrees C), and for the fastest conducting motor fibres (temperature range 19-38 degrees C) increased non-linearly with increase in skin temperature. Similarly, distal motor latencies increased non-linearly with decrease in skin temperature. The effect of temperature was most pronounced in the low temperature range, and change in conduction velocity per degree centigrade was reduced toward higher skin temperature. Sensory nerve response duration increased linearly with decline in skin temperature. Sensory and motor amplitude did not show any significant relation to skin temperature.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (723K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • DAWSON GD. The relative excitability and conduction velocity of sensory and motor nerve fibres in man. J Physiol. 1956 Feb 28;131(2):436–451. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • DOUGLAS WW, MALCOLM JL. The effect of localized cooling on conduction in cat nerves. J Physiol. 1955 Oct 28;130(1):53–71. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Paintal AS. Block of conduction in mammalian myelinated nerve fibres by low temperatures. J Physiol. 1965 Sep;180(1):1–19. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Paintal AS. Effects of temperature on conduction in single vagal and saphenous myelinated nerve fibres of the cat. J Physiol. 1965 Sep;180(1):20–49. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • McLeod JG. Digital nerve conduction in the carpal tunnel syndrome after mechanical stimulation of the finger. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1966 Feb;29(1):12–22. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • De Jesus PV, Hausmanowa-Petrusewicz I, Barchi RL. The effect of cold on nerve conduction of human slow and fast nerve fibers. Neurology. 1973 Nov;23(11):1182–1189. [PubMed]
  • Lowitzsch K, Hopf HC, Galland J. Changes of sensory conduction velocity and refractory periods with decreasing tissue temperature in man. J Neurol. 1977 Oct 7;216(3):181–188. [PubMed]
  • Koczocik-Przedpelska J, Górski S, Powierza E. Relationship between sensory nerve conduction and temperature of the hand. Acta Physiol Pol. 1983 Jan-Feb;34(1):21–28. [PubMed]
  • Geerlings AH, Mechelse K. Temperature and nerve conduction velocity, some practical problems. Electromyogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1985 May-Jun;25(4):253–259. [PubMed]
  • Lang HA, Puusa A, Hynninen P, Kuusela V, Jäntti V, Sillanpä M. Evolution of nerve conduction velocity in later childhood and adolescence. Muscle Nerve. 1985 Jan;8(1):38–43. [PubMed]
  • Buchthal F, Rosenfalck A. Sensory potentials in polyneuropathy. Brain. 1971;94(2):241–262. [PubMed]
  • THOMAS PK, SEARS TA, GILLIATT RW. The range of conduction velocity in normal motor nerve fibers to the small muscles of the hand and foot. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1959 Aug;22:175–181. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • SIMPSON JA. FACT AND FALLACY IN MEASUREMENT OF CONDUCTION VELOCITY IN MOTOR NERVES. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1964 Oct;27:381–385. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • MAYER RF. NERVE CONDUCTION STUDIES IN MAN. Neurology. 1963 Dec;13:1021–1030. [PubMed]
  • Kimura J. Principles and pitfalls of nerve conduction studies. Ann Neurol. 1984 Oct;16(4):415–429. [PubMed]
  • TROJABORG W. MOTOR NERVE CONDUCTION VELOCITIES IN NORMAL SUBJECTS WITH PARTICULAR REFERENCE TO THE CONDUCTION IN PROXIMAL AND DISTAL SEGMENTS OF MEDIAN AND ULNAR NERVE. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1964 Sep;17:314–321. [PubMed]
  • Diószeghy P. Needle and surface recording electrodes in motor and sensory nerve conduction studies. Electromyogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1986 Mar-Apr;26(2):117–122. [PubMed]
  • Halar EM, DeLisa JA, Soine TL. Nerve conduction studies in upper extremities: skin temperature corrections. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1983 Sep;64(9):412–416. [PubMed]
  • Dorfman LJ, Bosley TM. Age-related changes in peripheral and central nerve conduction in man. Neurology. 1979 Jan;29(1):38–44. [PubMed]
  • Taylor PK. Non-linear effects of age on nerve conduction in adults. J Neurol Sci. 1984 Nov-Dec;66(2-3):223–234. [PubMed]

Articles from Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry are provided here courtesy of BMJ Group

Formats:

Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...

Links

  • MedGen
    MedGen
    Related information in MedGen
  • PubMed
    PubMed
    PubMed citations for these articles

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...