• We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Logo of annrheumdAnnals of the Rheumatic DiseasesCurrent TOCInstructions for authors
Ann Rheum Dis. Mar 1987; 46(3): 197–202.
PMCID: PMC1002099

Studies with an enthesis index as a method of clinical assessment in ankylosing spondylitis.

Abstract

The histopathological characteristic of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is the presence of chronic enthesitis. Our aim was to develop a clinical measurement of the severity of tenderness over entheses. The scoring system was based on the patients' response to palpation over entheses easily accessible to examination. The enthesis index (EI) correlated with pain (r = 0.67, p less than 0.01) and stiffness (r = 0.46, p less than 0.05) scores. A single, blind, crossover study was conducted to determine the sensitivity of the index to change in clinical state associated with non-steroidal antirheumatic drug therapy and to record the interobserver variability. The index showed significantly lower scores after one week's drug treatment (p less than 0.05). The EI is a convenient, non-invasive measure of disease severity in patients with AS. Potential applications include the assessment of enthesitis in other polyarthritides and a means of distinguishing clinically between severity of enthesitis and synovitis in different types of polyarthritis.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (727K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Downie WW, Leatham PA, Rhind VM, Wright V, Branco JA, Anderson JA. Studies with pain rating scales. Ann Rheum Dis. 1978 Aug;37(4):378–381. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Dixon JS, Bird HA. Reproducibility along a 10 cm vertical visual analogue scale. Ann Rheum Dis. 1981 Feb;40(1):87–89. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Ritchie DM, Boyle JA, McInnes JM, Jasani MK, Dalakos TG, Grieveson P, Buchanan WW. Clinical studies with an articular index for the assessment of joint tenderness in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Q J Med. 1968 Jul;37(147):393–406. [PubMed]
  • Atkin SL, Kamel M, el-Hady AM, el-Badawy SA, el-Ghobary A, Dick WC. Schistosomiasis and inflammatory polyarthritis: a clinical, radiological and laboratory study of 96 patients infected by S. mansoni with particular reference to the diarthrodial joint. Q J Med. 1986 May;59(229):479–487. [PubMed]

Articles from Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases are provided here courtesy of BMJ Group

Formats:

Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...

Links

  • MedGen
    MedGen
    Related information in MedGen
  • PubMed
    PubMed
    PubMed citations for these articles

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...