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Results: 4

1.
Figure 3

Figure 3. From: Fetal origins of the TEL-AML1 fusion gene in identical twins with leukemia.

The TEL/AML1 genomic breakpoint is identical in each twin. Breakpoint-specific PCR primers were used to amplify the fusions from a number of patient DNAs with and without t(12;21). Only DNA from the twins gives the expected 517-bp product showing breakpoint sequence specificity.

Anthony M. Ford, et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998 April 14;95(8):4584-4588.
2.
Figure 2

Figure 2. From: Fetal origins of the TEL-AML1 fusion gene in identical twins with leukemia.

Sequence comparison between TEL intron 5 and twin 1 breakpoint sequences. 5′ TEL refers to published intron 5 sequence from 31512 to 31600 (14). 3′ TEL refers to sequences 32339 to 32787. The twins sequence is shown underneath with a 739-bp deletion between the 5′ and 3′ TEL sequences. Twin sequence diverges from TEL at 32787 presumably into AML1 intron sequence. The sequence with ≈100% homology to a human carcinoma cell-derived Alu RNA transcript (NE36, ref. 24) is underlined. Arrows indicate PCR primers.

Anthony M. Ford, et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998 April 14;95(8):4584-4588.
3.
Figure 4

Figure 4. From: Fetal origins of the TEL-AML1 fusion gene in identical twins with leukemia.

An IGH VDJ join is identical in each twin. (a) PAGE of PCR product from IGH gene rearrangements in the twin pairs showing two identically sized fragments and one additional band specific to twin 1. All bands were cut out, cloned, and sequenced. (b) Nucleotide and amino acid composition of the IGH products. VH, variable region; DH, diversity region; JH, joining region. V, D, and J motifs were identified from refs. 15–17.

Anthony M. Ford, et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998 April 14;95(8):4584-4588.
4.
Figure 1

Figure 1. From: Fetal origins of the TEL-AML1 fusion gene in identical twins with leukemia.

Molecular analysis of t(12;21) in identical twins. (a) BamHI Southern blot analysis of TEL rearrangement. The monozygotic twins, lanes 1 and 2, respectively, show a shared pattern of TEL rearrangement (indicated by arrow) and loss of heterozygosity. Lanes A, B, and D are t(12;21) controls whose different rearrangements are denoted by a line. Lanes C represent AML controls, and gl is germ line (20 kb). (b) RT-PCR analysis for TEL-AML fusion transcript. Lanes 2–4, childhood ALL cases negative for t(12;21). Lane 1, twin 1 (bone marrow at diagnosis 59% blasts), lane 5 twin 2 (bone marrow at diagnosis 97% blasts). (Lower) ABL RT-PCR. (c) The TEL rearrangement is nonconstitutive. BamHI Southern blot analysis showing a lack of TEL rearrangements in diagnostic peripheral blood of twin 1 (PB; 2% blasts). C is the AML control, 1 and 2 represent each twin, and gl is germ-line 20 kb. The rearranged TEL allele is indicated by an arrow. (d) Partial restriction map of the TEL breakpoint cluster region. The map shows only the relevant restriction sites and is adapted from ref. 14. B, BamHI; E, EcoRI; H, HindIII; p, probe. The location of the TEL breakpoint in the twins is indicated by an arrow in relation to 10 previously published breaks (9). Cent relates to centromere and telo to telomere.

Anthony M. Ford, et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998 April 14;95(8):4584-4588.

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