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Results: 5

1.
Fig. 5

Fig. 5. From: Crystal structures of HINT demonstrate that histidine triad proteins are GalT-related nucleotide-binding proteins.

Superposition of the nucleotide-binding sites of HINT and GalT. GMP (yellow bonds) belongs to the HINT protein (green and pink). UMP (blue bonds) belongs to the GalT protein (blue).

Charles Brenner, et al. Nat Struct Biol. ;4(3):231-238.
2.
Fig. 2

Fig. 2. From: Crystal structures of HINT demonstrate that histidine triad proteins are GalT-related nucleotide-binding proteins.

Gel Filtration Chromatography of HINT. A Sephadex G-100 column was calibrated with carbonic anhydrase (MW = 29 kDa) and lysozyme (MW = 14.3 kDa) before HINT was analyzed. 0.5 ml fractions were collected. Peaks were detected by optical density.

Charles Brenner, et al. Nat Struct Biol. ;4(3):231-238.
3.
Fig. 3

Fig. 3. From: Crystal structures of HINT demonstrate that histidine triad proteins are GalT-related nucleotide-binding proteins.

Structure of the HINT Dimer and the GalT Monomer.
a, Ribbon diagram of the HINT-GMP dimer with numbered secondary structural elements. The right hand HINT monomer is in green, the left in pink.
b, Secondary structure of the HINT dimer with the positions of a subset of the conserved residues in the HIT superfamily.
c, Secondary structure of residues 49 to 302 of the GalT core identifying residues that align in three dimensions with HINT.
d, The Cα positions of residues 49 to 302 of the GalT core, represented by a ribbon diagram in blue, superimposed on the HINT-GMP dimer.

Charles Brenner, et al. Nat Struct Biol. ;4(3):231-238.
4.
Fig. 1

Fig. 1. From: Crystal structures of HINT demonstrate that histidine triad proteins are GalT-related nucleotide-binding proteins.

Sequence alignment of HIT proteins excluding nearly identical proteins, expressed sequence tags and partial sequences. Strict conservation of residues aligning with Phe 19, His 51, Leu 53, and Histidines 110, 112 and 114 was required for inclusion. The top three proteins are members of the FHIT branch. The others are members of the HINT branch. Genera refer their most common species, except Mycobacteria_tub which refers to M. tuberculosis; Mycoplasma_gen, M. genetalium; Mycoplasma_hyo, M. hyorhinis; Mycobacteria_lep, M. leprae. Black boxes designate identity with rabbit (Oryctologus) HINT, white boxes identity with human FHIT at a residue not conserved with HINT. Secondary structure assignments and numbering are those of HINT.

Charles Brenner, et al. Nat Struct Biol. ;4(3):231-238.
5.
Fig. 4

Fig. 4. From: Crystal structures of HINT demonstrate that histidine triad proteins are GalT-related nucleotide-binding proteins.

Nucleotide Binding by HINT.
a, HINT-GMP dimer shown from above the β-sheet, indicating helices α1 and loops 1, 2 and 5.
b, A close-up of GMP recognition by HINT including nonhydrogen atoms of GMP and side chains from fifteen conserved residues. Side chains surrounding the guanine base are beige, those surrounding ribose are blue, and those surrounding phosphate are purple. Potential hydrogen bonds between GMP and protein are indicated.
c, Coordinates corresponding to GMP in the HINT-GMP structure were removed and the protein model was subjected to simulated annealing at 3000 °C50. A difference electron density map was calculated with coefficients (Fobs - Fcalc) and contoured at 2.4 σ over the omitted GMP coordinates. Agreement between the map and model of GMP demonstrates that phases calculated from the protein model are robust and that GMP binds in this manner. The nucleotide-binding site is represented by its van der Waals surface, color coded as above.
d, A simulated annealing omit map prepared, as above, for HINT-8-Br-AMP.

Charles Brenner, et al. Nat Struct Biol. ;4(3):231-238.

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