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1.
Figure 3

Figure 3. From: Mutation in Spike Protein Cleavage Site and Pathogenesis of Feline Coronavirus.

Amino acid substitution frequency at each position of the feline infectious peritonitis virus S1/S2 cleavage site. The histogram is based on feline infectious peritonitis virus S1/S2 WebLogo 3.1 analysis (http://weblogo.threeplusone.com/create.cgi), showing percentage of modification of residues at each position of the S1/S2 site, compared with feline enteric coronavirus S1/S2 canonical sequence consensus.

Beth N. Licitra, et al. Emerg Infect Dis. 2013 July;19(7):1066-1073.
2.
Figure 1

Figure 1. From: Mutation in Spike Protein Cleavage Site and Pathogenesis of Feline Coronavirus.

Sequence analysis of feline enteric coronavirus (FECV) spike S1/S2 site. RNA from 30 FECVs collected from 30 fecal samples obtained from subclinically infected cats was extracted, purified, and reverse-transcribed into cDNA. Sequencing of the spike gene was performed in a region surrounding the S1/S2 cleavage site. A) Sequence alignment. Sequence identification row (blue font): residue positions in the S1/S2 cleavage site from P8 to P4′. Red arrow indicates the site of furin cleavage. B) To visualize the diversity of residues at each position of the S1/S2 site, sequences were subjected to WebLogo 3.1 analysis (http://weblogo.threeplusone.com/create.cgi). Top: WebLogo for the 30 FECV S1/S2 sequences with the frequency of residue found at each position displayed. Bottom: summary of the diversity of residues for each position from P4 to P1′ and percentages of each amino acid represented.

Beth N. Licitra, et al. Emerg Infect Dis. 2013 July;19(7):1066-1073.
3.
Figure 2

Figure 2. From: Mutation in Spike Protein Cleavage Site and Pathogenesis of Feline Coronavirus.

Sequence analysis of feline infectious peritonitis virus (FIPV) spike S1/S2 site. RNA from 22 FIPVs collected from 11 cats who had feline infectious peritonitis was extracted, purified, and reverse-transcribed into cDNA. Sequencing of the spike gene was performed in a region surrounding the S1/S2 cleavage site. A) Sequence alignment. Sequence identification row (blue font): residue positions in the S1/S2 cleavage site from P8 to P4′. Red arrow indicates the site of furin cleavage. B) To visualize the diversity of residues at each position of the S1/S2 site, sequences were subjected to WebLogo 3.1 analysis (http://weblogo.threeplusone.com/create.cgi). Top: WebLogo for the 22 FIPV S1/S2 sequences with the frequency of residue found at each position displayed. Bottom: summary of the diversity of residues for each position from P4 to P1′ and percentages of each amino acid represented.

Beth N. Licitra, et al. Emerg Infect Dis. 2013 July;19(7):1066-1073.
4.
Figure 4

Figure 4. From: Mutation in Spike Protein Cleavage Site and Pathogenesis of Feline Coronavirus.

Furin cleavage assays of fluorogenic peptides. A) Synthetic fluorogenic peptides were generated with sequences matching consensus feline enteric coronavirus and a panel of modified sequences with substitutions (shown in red) found by feline infectious peritonitis virus sequencing. Peptides (50 μmol/L) were subjected to cleavage by recombinant human furin (1 U/100 μL), at pH 7.5, 30°C, and the release of fluorescence over time was measured by a spectrofluorometer enabling calculation of the Vmax of each reaction. Peptide cleavage scores generated by the ProP 1.0 server (www.cbs.dtu.dk/services/ProP/) are also displayed. B) For each modified peptide (substitutions shown in red), the percentage of cleavage rate compared with the canonical sequence was calculated and displayed. Cleavage assays were performed in >3 independent experiments. Error bars indicate SD for each measurement.

Beth N. Licitra, et al. Emerg Infect Dis. 2013 July;19(7):1066-1073.

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