Figure 1

Figure 1. From: Association of menstrual phase with smoking behavior, mood and menstrual phase-associated symptoms among young Japanese women smokers.

Craving for smoking, depressiveness and menstrual phase-associated symptoms in the menstrual, follicular and luteal phases. Scores of Craving (VAS) were 61.4 ± 16.7, 42.2 ± 18.6 and 65.0 ± 18.2 in the menstrual, follicular and luteal phases. Scores of Depressiveness (CES-D) were 16.9 ± 8.2, 11.3 ± 6.9 and 17.2 ± 8.4 in the menstrual, follicular and luteal phases. Scores of Menstrual phase-associated symptoms (MDQ) were 44.5 ± 18.2, 18.9 ± 17.0 and 37.7 ± 15.9 in the menstrual, follicular and luteal phases.

Hiroko Sakai, et al. BMC Womens Health. 2013;13:10-10.

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