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1.
Figure 2

Figure 2. From: Six months of dance intervention enhances postural, sensorimotor, and cognitive performance in elderly without affecting cardio-respiratory functions.

Group data of postural performance for subjects in the intervention (A) and control groups (B). Averaged COP deviations are shown as percentage changes in relation to origin of the coordinate system. Significant deviations were found in the IG group in the anterior direction for subtest 4 (upper right) and 5 (upper left) and in the lateral direction for subtest 6 (lower right) and 7 (lower left). No differences were found for subjects in the CG group. Standard deviations of average COP-positions (horizontal and vertical bars) are given for the medio-lateral and anterior-posterior directions.

Jan-Christoph Kattenstroth, et al. Front Aging Neurosci. 2013;5:5.
2.
Figure 1

Figure 1. From: Six months of dance intervention enhances postural, sensorimotor, and cognitive performance in elderly without affecting cardio-respiratory functions.

Average indices of individual performance (IP). Average indices of performance (IP) for subjects in the intervention and control groups before (PRE) and after (POST) a 6-month period of either dancing (IG) or no intervention (CG). Higher indices were found for the IG group in 6 out of 7 domains after 6 months of dancing intervention. “Cognition” (p ≤ 0.001) comprises the geriatric concentration test (AKT), Raven Standard Progressive Matrices (RSPM), Frankfurt Attention Inventory (FAIR), and Non-Verbal Learning Test (NVLT). “Reaction times” (p ≤ 0.001) comprise multiple-choice reaction times for the left and right hands and Reaction time analysis. “Hand/Motor” (p ≤ 0.001) comprises steadiness, aiming, pin plugging, and tapping of both hands. “Tactile” (p ≤ 0.001) comprises touch-threshold, 2pd, and haptic object recognition. “Intelligence” (p = 0.215) comprises RSPM. “Lifestyle” (p = 0.004) comprises life contentment (FLZ), and “Posture” (p = 0.001) comprises posture subtests 1–7. The vertical bars show standard errors of the mean. Asterisks mark significant differences before and after the intervention or after 6 months of no intervention respectively.

Jan-Christoph Kattenstroth, et al. Front Aging Neurosci. 2013;5:5.

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