Results: 5

1.
Figure 2

Figure 2. From: Conditional Inactivation of Pten with EGFR Overexpression in Schwann Cells Models Sporadic MPNST.

Pten dosage with EGFR overexpression affected enlarged dorsal root ganglia tumor multiplicity. (a) Left: representative of an early-onset peripheral nervous system phenotype observed in a 38-day Dhh-Cre; Ptenflox/flox; Cnp-EGFRPten/C-EGFR) experimental mouse. Brachial plexus: majority of the dorsal root ganglia and trigeminal nerves were enlarged. Middle: representative of a late-onset peripheral nervous system phenotype observed in a 104-day Dhh-Cre; Ptenflox/floxPten) control mouse. Brachial plexus: several dorsal root ganglia and trigeminal nerves were enlarged. Right: representative of a late-onset peripheral nervous system phenotype observed in a 274-day Dhh-Cre; Ptenflox/+; Cnp-EGFR (Pten-het/C-EGFR) control mouse. Brachial plexus: several dorsal root ganglia and trigeminal nerves were enlarged. Top panels: brachial plexi; middle panels: dorsal root ganglia; bottom panels: brain with trigeminal nerves; arrows indicate peripheral nervous system phenotype; scale bars, 2 mm. (b) Statistically significant differences in the number of enlarged dorsal root ganglia isolated from ΔPten/C-EGFR experimental cohort compared with control cohorts (ΔPten and Pten-het/C-EGFR). Mean ± standard deviation; P: unpaired t-test; n: number of mice evaluated in each cohort; N.S.: nonsignificant.

Vincent W. Keng, et al. Sarcoma. 2012;2012:620834.
2.
Figure 1

Figure 1. From: Conditional Inactivation of Pten with EGFR Overexpression in Schwann Cells Models Sporadic MPNST.

Establishing a novel sporadic peripheral nerve sheath tumor (PNST) progression mouse model. (a) Transgenes used to establish the novel sporadic PNST mouse model. Cnp-EGFR consists of the Cnp regulatory elements driving the EGFR gene expression specifically in Schwann cells and/or their precursor cells. Floxed Pten allele consists of the essential exons 4 and 5 of the Pten gene floxed with loxP sites. Dhh-Cre consists of the Dhh regulatory elements driving Cre recombinase to remove the loxP sites and allow for the inactivation of the floxed Pten alleles specifically in Schwann cells and/or their precursor cells. (b) Breeding strategy for generating experimental and control animals. Transgenic mice each carrying a single transgene was bred to obtain doubly transgenic mice Dhh-Cre; Ptenflox/+ mice (Pten-het). Doubly transgenic mice were then bred with remaining transgene to obtain triple transgenic Dhh-Cre; Ptenflox/+; Cnp-EGFR mice (Pten-het/C-EGFR). Finally, Pten-het mice were bred with Pten-het/C-EGFR mice to obtain the required experimental and control cohorts. Dhh-Cre; Ptenflox/flox; Cnp-EGFRPten/C-EGFR) and Dhh-Cre; Ptenflox/+; Cnp-EGFR (Pten-het/C-EGFR) experimental cohorts. Dhh-Cre; Ptenflox/floxPten), Pten-het and Cnp-EGFR (C-EGFR) control cohorts. (c) Kaplan-Meier survival curves of various experimental and control cohorts. Pten dosage augmented the peripheral nervous system phenotype in the context of EGFR overexpression in Schwann cell and/or their precursor cells, resulting in decreased survival. P: log-rank test.

Vincent W. Keng, et al. Sarcoma. 2012;2012:620834.
3.
Figure 3

Figure 3. From: Conditional Inactivation of Pten with EGFR Overexpression in Schwann Cells Models Sporadic MPNST.

Histological analyses of peripheral nervous system phenotype. Standard hematoxylin-eosin staining (HE) and immunohistochemical (IHC) staining were performed on all peripheral nervous system tissue sections. (a) Representative HE and IHC staining of peripheral nerves taken from a Dhh-Cre; Ptenflox/flox; Cnp-EGFRPten/C-EGFR) experimental and Dhh-Cre; Ptenflox/+; Cnp-EGFR (Pten-het/C-EGFR) control mice using antibodies against the proliferative marker (Ki67), Schwann cell/oligodendrocyte lineage marker (S100ß), activated Ras/Mapk/Erk signaling by phospho-Erk1/2 (pErk), activated Pi3k/Akt signaling by phospho-Akt (pAkt) detection, and activated mTor signaling by phospho-S6 (pS6). Negative controls, sections incubated without the primary antibody gave no significant signal above background (data not shown). (b) Semiquantitative analysis of proliferative peripheral nerve cells in various control and experimental cohorts. Representative peripheral nerves were isolated from each cohort and IHC stained using the Ki67 proliferative marker. The number of Ki67-positive peripheral nerve cells was counted and shown as a percentage of total cells per counted field of view at 20x magnification (mean ± standard deviation). Peripheral nerves were taken from ΔPten/C-EGFR experimental mice, Dhh-Cre; Ptenflox/floxPten) and Pten-het/C-EGFR control mice. No Ki67-positive cells were detected in sciatic nerves isolated from FVB/N mice (Supplementary Figure 1). n, number of mice from each cohort; N.S.: nonsignificance between indicated cohorts; P: unpaired t-test.

Vincent W. Keng, et al. Sarcoma. 2012;2012:620834.
4.
Figure 4

Figure 4. From: Conditional Inactivation of Pten with EGFR Overexpression in Schwann Cells Models Sporadic MPNST.

Expression microarray analysis of PTEN and EGFR in human peripheral nerve tumors. (a) Purified human Schwann cells from normal sciatic nerve (N-SC), dermal neurofibroma cell lines (dNF-SC), and plexiform neurofibroma cell lines (pNF-SC). Transformed cells from malignant peripheral nerve sheath cell lines (MPNST-C). Asterisks indicate sporadic MPNST samples. (b) Solid dermal neurofibromas (dNF), plexiform neurofibromas (pNF), and malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNST). Four different probes for EGFR were used. Red, increase in red intensity as expression increases; Blue, increase in blue intensity as expression decreases. (c) Conditional inactivation of Pten and EGFR overexpression in Schwann cells resulted in high-grade PNST initiation and/or progression due to the upregulation of both Ras/Mapk/Erk and Pi3k/Akt/mTor signaling pathways (right). Inactivation of Pten alone resulted in reduced latency with low-grade PNST tumorigenesis at low penetrance (middle). Conditional inactivation of Pten alone can result in low-grade PNST tumorigenesis via the upregulation of the Pi3k/Akt/mTor signaling pathway. Partial conditional inactivation of Pten in the context of EGFR overexpression in Schwann cells resulted in prolonged latency with hyperplasia to low-grade PNST tumorigenesis at low penetrance (left), resulting in upregulation of Ras/Mapk/Erk and slight upregulation of the Pi3k/Akt/mTor signaling pathways. SOS1: son of sevenless homolog 1; GRB2: growth factor receptor-bound protein 2; IRS2: insulin receptor substrate 2; Dhh-Cre; Ptenflox/flox; EGFRPten/C-EGFR), Dhh-Cre; Ptenflox/+; EGFR (Pten-het/C-EGFR) and Dhh-Cre; Ptenflox/floxPten) animals.

Vincent W. Keng, et al. Sarcoma. 2012;2012:620834.
5.
Figure 5

Figure 5. From: Conditional Inactivation of Pten with EGFR Overexpression in Schwann Cells Models Sporadic MPNST.

Knockdown of PTEN and overexpression of EGFR cooperate in vitro to oncogenically transform immortalized human Schwann cells. (a) PiggyBac (PB) constructs used to knock down PTEN (PB-shPTEN) and/or overexpress EGFR (PB-EGFR) in HSC2λ immortalized human Schwann cells. CAG: cytomegalovirus early enhancer element and chicken beta-actin promoter; PGK: phosphoglycerate kinase; EEF1A1: eukaryotic translation elongation factor 1 alpha 1 promoter; IRES: internal ribosome entry site; Gfp: green fluorescent protein; pA: polyadenylation signal; Puro: puromycin resistance gene; triangles: PB-specific inverted terminal repeat sequences. Quantitative PCR analysis demonstrating that PTEN mRNA levels are reduced (b) and EGFR mRNA levels are increased (c) when these constructs are stably transfected into HSC2λ cells. (d) MTS proliferation assay shows that PTEN knockdown or EGFR overexpression alone do not change the rate of proliferation compared to control transfected cells, but when combined significantly increase cellular proliferation. (e) Soft agar colony formation assay demonstrates that PTEN knockdown moderately increases colony formation, but in the context of EGFR overexpression, reduction in PTEN significantly increases the number of colonies formed. *P < 0.05 and **P < 0.0001, unpaired t-test; mean ± standard deviation.

Vincent W. Keng, et al. Sarcoma. 2012;2012:620834.

Supplemental Content

Recent activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...
Write to the Help Desk