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Fig. 1

Fig. 1. From: Modeling and treating internalizing psychopathology in a clinical trial: a latent variable structural equation modeling approach.

Graphic structural equation model of change in latent Distress and Fear from baseline to follow-up between treatment groups. Following conventional graphical notation for latent means, estimates on arrows from triangles containing a ‘ 1’ represent estimated mean values for latent factors at baseline (fixed at zero) and follow-up (i.e. effect size change from baseline) ; estimates above arrows are for cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and below arrows are progressive muscle relaxation training (PMRT) in parentheses. Estimates leading from treatment outward represent treatment effect size ; that is treatment difference in effect size change [e.g.−0.28= −1.98 – (−1.70) is the effect size of CBT v. PMRT]. Bolded values indicate that p < 0.05. Residuals for all observed symptom variables were allowed to autocorrelate across time (arrows not shown). BDI, Beck Depression Inventory ; STAI, State–Trait Anxiety Inventory (Trait Version) ; PSWQ, Penn State Worry Questionnaire ; MIA, Mobility Inventory for Agoraphobia; SPS, Social Phobia Scale ; PDSS, Panic Disorder Severity Scale.

M. G. Kushner, et al. Psychol Med. 2013 August;43(8):1611-1623.

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