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1.
F <span style="font-variant: small-caps" class="small-caps">ig</span> . 2.—

F ig . 2.—. From: The Missing Link of Jewish European Ancestry: Contrasting the Rhineland and the Khazarian Hypotheses.

An illustrated timeline for the relevant historical events. The horizontal dashed lines represent controversial historical events explained by the different hypotheses, whereas solid black lines represent undisputed historical events.

Eran Elhaik. Genome Biol Evol. 2013;5(1):61-74.
2.
F <span style="font-variant: small-caps" class="small-caps">ig</span> . 6.—

F ig . 6.—. From: The Missing Link of Jewish European Ancestry: Contrasting the Rhineland and the Khazarian Hypotheses.

Proportion of total IBD sharing between European Jews and different populations. Populations are sorted by decreasing distance from the Caucasus. The maximal IBD between each European Jew and an individual from each population are summarized in box plots. Lines pass through the mean values.

Eran Elhaik. Genome Biol Evol. 2013;5(1):61-74.
3.
F <span style="font-variant: small-caps" class="small-caps">ig</span> . 7.—

F ig . 7.—. From: The Missing Link of Jewish European Ancestry: Contrasting the Rhineland and the Khazarian Hypotheses.

Pairwise genetic distances between European Jews and other populations measured across (A) mtDNA and (B) Y-chromosomal haplogroup frequencies. The values of 1 − \udelta _{xy} are color coded in a heat map with darker colors indicating higher haplogroup similarity with European Jews.

Eran Elhaik. Genome Biol Evol. 2013;5(1):61-74.
4.
F <span style="font-variant: small-caps" class="small-caps">ig</span> . 5.—

F ig . 5.—. From: The Missing Link of Jewish European Ancestry: Contrasting the Rhineland and the Khazarian Hypotheses.

Admixture analysis of European, Caucasus, Near Eastern, and Middle Eastern populations. The x axis represents individuals from populations sorted according to their ancestries and arrayed geographically roughly from North to South. Each individual is represented by a vertical stacked column (100%) of color-coded admixture proportions of the ancestral populations.

Eran Elhaik. Genome Biol Evol. 2013;5(1):61-74.
5.
F <span style="font-variant: small-caps" class="small-caps">ig</span> . 1.—

F ig . 1.—. From: The Missing Link of Jewish European Ancestry: Contrasting the Rhineland and the Khazarian Hypotheses.

Map of Eurasia. A map of Khazaria and Judah is shown with the state of origin of the studied groups. Eurasian Jewish and non-Jewish populations used in all analyses are shown in square and round bullets, respectively (supplementary table S3, Supplementary Material online). The major migrations that formed Eastern European Jewry according to the Khazarian and Rhineland hypotheses are shown in yellow and brown, respectively.

Eran Elhaik. Genome Biol Evol. 2013;5(1):61-74.
6.
F <span style="font-variant: small-caps" class="small-caps">ig</span> . 3.—

F ig . 3.—. From: The Missing Link of Jewish European Ancestry: Contrasting the Rhineland and the Khazarian Hypotheses.

Scatter plot of all populations along the first two principal components. For brevity, we show only the populations relevant to this study. The inset magnifies Eurasian and Middle Eastern individuals. Each letter code corresponds to one individual (supplementary table S3, Supplementary Material online). A polygon surrounding all of the individual samples belonging to a group designation highlights several population groups.

Eran Elhaik. Genome Biol Evol. 2013;5(1):61-74.
7.
F <span style="font-variant: small-caps" class="small-caps">ig</span> . 4.—

F ig . 4.—. From: The Missing Link of Jewish European Ancestry: Contrasting the Rhineland and the Khazarian Hypotheses.

Biogeographical origin of European Jews. First two principal components were calculated for Pygmies, French Basques, Han Chinese (black), Armenians (blue), and Eastern or Central European Jews (red)—all of equal size. PCA was calculated separately for Eastern and Central European Jews and the results were merged. Using the first four populations as a training set, Eastern (squares) and Central (circles) European Jews were assigned to geographical locations by fitting independent linear models for latitude and longitude as predicted by PC1 and PC2. Each shape represents an individual. Major cities are marked in cyan.

Eran Elhaik. Genome Biol Evol. 2013;5(1):61-74.

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