Results: 2

1.
Figure 1

Figure 1. From: Molecular characteristics of Human Endogenous Retrovirus type-W in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.

Human Endogenous Retrovirus type-W (HERV-W) RNA transcriptional level. (a) HERV-W env RNA expression in patients and control groups. The relative transcription of Multiple Sclerosis-associated Retroviral element (MSRV)-env RNA to the housekeeping gene GUS B is indicated on the y axis; it measures the standardized and relative transcriptional activity in all peripheral mononuclear cells samples defined as 2E(Ct GUS B−Ct MSRV-env) (See Patients and methods). Patients and control groups are indicated on the x axis: BD, bipolar disorder; SZ, schizophrenia; HC, healthy controls without psychiatric history; C-, subset of HC group with C-reactive protein below the normal threshold in serum. **P⩽0.01 ***P⩽0.0001. (b) Distribution of HERV-W RNA expression levels in patients and control groups. y axis represents the density of corresponding HERV-W env RNA relative expression values on the x axis, giving a description of their distribution in each group (BD, SZ, HC). Density curve: the area under a density curve (between the curve and the horizontal axis) is always defined as 1 unit. The area under the density curve between two values is the proportion of observations in the data set that fall between those two values. Histogram: the distribution frequency of results between two values is represented by bars.

H Perron, et al. Transl Psychiatry. 2012 December;2(12):e201.
2.
Figure 2

Figure 2. From: Molecular characteristics of Human Endogenous Retrovirus type-W in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.

Human Endogenous Retrovirus type-W (HERV-W) genomic DNA load. (a) Relative HERV-W DNA copy number in patients and controls. The ratio between the DNA copy number of HERV-W env gene Multiple Sclerosis-associated Retroviral element (MSRV)-subtype and the hydroxymethylbilane synthase housekeeping gene is indicated on the y axis. This measures the relative quantification of copy numbers from the MSRV subtype, detected by the MSRV-env probe with the quantitative PCR technical conditions used here on total blood leukocytes. Patients and control groups are indicated on the x axis: BD, bipolar disorder; SZ, schizophrenia; HC, healthy controls without psychiatric history; C-, subset of HC group without C-reactive protein above the normal threshold in serum. **P⩽0.01 ***P⩽0.0001. (b) Distribution of HERV-W env DNA copy number in patients and controls. y Axis represents the frequency and the density of corresponding HERV-W env DNA copy values on the x axis, giving a description of their distribution in each group (BD, SZ, HC). Density curve: the area under a density curve (between the curve and the horizontal axis) is always defined as 1 unit. The area under the density curve between two values is the proportion of observations in the data set that fall between those two values. Histogram: the distribution frequency of results between two values is represented by bars.

H Perron, et al. Transl Psychiatry. 2012 December;2(12):e201.

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