We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information

Results: 2

1.
Fig. 1

Fig. 1. From: NEIGHBORHOOD EFFECTS ON THE LONG-TERM WELL-BEING OF LOW-INCOME ADULTS.

Impact on each outcome of assignment to the MTO treatment (voucher) groups for adults interviewed in long-term survey. The squares represent the intent-to-treat (ITT) estimate for the effect of being assigned to MTO treatment (pooling low-poverty and traditional voucher groups) rather than control, for the outcomes listed on the x-axis: economic self-sufficiency, physical health, mental health, and subjective well-being (see Table 2 note, and supplemental materials sections 1, 4, and 5). The box whiskers represent the 95th percent confidence interval around the estimates.

Jens Ludwig, et al. Science. 2012 September 21;337(6101):1505-1510.
2.
Fig. 2

Fig. 2. From: NEIGHBORHOOD EFFECTS ON THE LONG-TERM WELL-BEING OF LOW-INCOME ADULTS.

Instrumental variable estimation of the relationship between subjective well-being (SWB) and average (duration-weighted) tract poverty rate (panel A), tract share minority (panel B), tract poverty controlling for minority share (panel C), and tract minority share controlling for tract poverty (panel D). The y-axis is a 3-point happiness scale (1=not too happy, 2=pretty happy, 3=very happy) expressed in standard deviation units relative to the control group. Share poor is the fraction of census tract residents living below the poverty threshold. Share minority is the fraction of census tract residents who are members of racial or ethnic minority groups. Tract shares are linearly interpolated from the 1990 and 2000 decennial census and 2005–09 American Community Survey and are weighted by the time respondents lived at each of their addresses from random assignment through May 2008. Share poor and minority are z-scores, standardized by the control group mean and standard deviation. The points represent the site (Bal = Baltimore, Bos = Boston, Chi = Chicago, LA = Los Angeles, NY = New York City) and treatment group (LPV = low-poverty voucher, TRV = traditional voucher, C = control group). The slope of the line is equivalent to a 2SLS estimate of the relationship between subjective well-being and the mediator shown in each panel, using interactions of indicators for MTO treatment group assignment and demonstration site as instruments for the mediator (controlling for site indicator main effects).

Jens Ludwig, et al. Science. 2012 September 21;337(6101):1505-1510.

Supplemental Content

Recent activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...
Write to the Help Desk