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1.
FIG 3

FIG 3 . From: Insight into the Transmission Biology and Species-Specific Functional Capabilities of Tsetse (Diptera: Glossinidae) Obligate Symbiont Wigglesworthia.

Comparative analyses of the WGM and WGB genomes. (A) The Wigglesworthia pangenome consists of a core 599 CDSs with an additional 21 and 19 unique CDSs within the WGM and WGB genomes, respectively. (B) Distribution of unique CDSs present per functional category.

Rita V. M. Rio, et al. mBio. 2012 Jan-Feb;3(1):e00240-11.
2.
FIG 6

FIG 6 . From: Insight into the Transmission Biology and Species-Specific Functional Capabilities of Tsetse (Diptera: Glossinidae) Obligate Symbiont Wigglesworthia.

Summary of dN/dS ratio calculations relative to genome position. Genes putatively influenced by purifying selection are represented by blue diamonds. Genes within 2 standard deviations of the mean dN/dS ratios are represented by red squares. Genes with >2 and >3 standard deviations from the mean dN/dS ratio are represented by yellow triangles and green circles, respectively.

Rita V. M. Rio, et al. mBio. 2012 Jan-Feb;3(1):e00240-11.
3.
FIG 5

FIG 5 . From: Insight into the Transmission Biology and Species-Specific Functional Capabilities of Tsetse (Diptera: Glossinidae) Obligate Symbiont Wigglesworthia.

qRT-PCR of hemH, groEL, and thiC expression during tsetse fly development. Gene expression results are shown for hemH (A), groEL (B), and thiC (C) in the adult bacteriome (BAC), different stages of intrauterine larvae (L1, L2, and L3), newly deposited pupae (Pu-early), late pupae (Pu-late), and carcasses of mothers that carry the corresponding intrauterine larvae (Mom-L1, Mom-L2, and Mom-L3). All data were normalized to the ribosomal gene rpsC Asterisks indicate statistically significant differences between the bacteriome and different developmental stages. ***, P < 0.0001; *, P < 0.05.

Rita V. M. Rio, et al. mBio. 2012 Jan-Feb;3(1):e00240-11.
4.
FIG 1

FIG 1 . From: Insight into the Transmission Biology and Species-Specific Functional Capabilities of Tsetse (Diptera: Glossinidae) Obligate Symbiont Wigglesworthia.

Localization of Wigglesworthia within the tsetse fly. Wigglesworthia resides within the bacteriome organ (top left) and is found free in the cytoplasm of specialized cells known as bacteriocytes (top right). (Bottom) Wigglesworthia is present extracellularly in the milk gland tissue. (Bottom left) Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) staining for Wigglesworthia. (Bottom right) Schematic drawing based on FISH results shown on the left. DAPI staining indicates nuclei in bacteriocytes and milk gland tubule cells. Pink fluorescent rhodamine staining shows Wigglesworthia within bacteriocytes and in milk gland lumen.

Rita V. M. Rio, et al. mBio. 2012 Jan-Feb;3(1):e00240-11.
5.
FIG 2

FIG 2 . From: Insight into the Transmission Biology and Species-Specific Functional Capabilities of Tsetse (Diptera: Glossinidae) Obligate Symbiont Wigglesworthia.

Linearized comparison of the genomes of WGB and WGM. (A) Genome alignment as represented from Mauve. Each colored block represents a locally collinear block (LCB) of DNA that has not undergone rearrangement within its boundaries. Bar height indicates average nucleotide similarity within a region. The green LCB is inverted, as indicated by the relative reverse orientation of the block in each genome. (B) Annotation of the WGM genome. Each gene is shown as a trapezoid with the straight side representing the start codon. Genes above the line are on the positive strand, while genes below the line are on the negative strand. The shaded area indicates the inverted region relative to the WGB genome. Genes are labeled and color coded according to the different functional categories assigned.

Rita V. M. Rio, et al. mBio. 2012 Jan-Feb;3(1):e00240-11.
6.
FIG 4

FIG 4 . From: Insight into the Transmission Biology and Species-Specific Functional Capabilities of Tsetse (Diptera: Glossinidae) Obligate Symbiont Wigglesworthia.

Wigglesworthia flagella are utilized during maternal transmission. (A) Normalized qRT-PCR-based gene expression results for the fliC and motA genes in the bacteriome (BAC), different stages of intrauterine larvae (L1, L2, and L3), newly deposited pupae (Pu-early), late pupae (Pu-late), and carcasses of mothers that carry the corresponding intrauterine larvae (Mom-L1, Mom-L2, and Mom-L3). Asterisks indicate statistically significant differences between the bacteriome and various developmental stages. ***, P < 0.0001; **, P < 0.001; *, P < 0.05. (B) Images of WGM FliC-specific antibody staining on cross sections of the tsetse fly common milk duct (column A), duct within the larval gut (column B), larval bacteriome (column C), and adult bacteriome (column D). Row 1 represents DAPI staining, row 2 represents FliC antibody staining, and row 3 represents the merged images of rows 1 and 2.

Rita V. M. Rio, et al. mBio. 2012 Jan-Feb;3(1):e00240-11.

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