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Figure 1

Figure 1. From: Cyber Bullying and Traditional Bullying: Differential Association with Depression.

Adjusted Means of Depression: Two Sets of Comparisons a
Note. a Means were adjusted for gender, grade, race/ethnicity, and family affluence. The first set compares occasionally involved and frequently involved within bullies, victims and bully-victims (the graph on the left). The second set compares bullies, victims and bully-victims within occasionally involved and frequently involved groups (the graph on the right). Based on results of previous studies described in the introduction, the following hypotheses were directional: 1) the frequently involved report higher level of depression than the occasionally involved; and 2) victims and bully-victims report higher level of depression than bullies. The Mixed group was not included in the mean contrasts, because frequency levels of bullying and victimization in this group were inconsistent.

Jing Wang, et al. J Adolesc Health. ;48(4):415-417.

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