Results: 2

1.
Figure 2

Figure 2. From: Maternal Smoking During Pregnancy and Risk of Alcohol Use Disorders Among Adult Offspring.

Hypothesized model of adult alcohol use disorder (abuse or dependence) directly from maternal smoking during pregnancy and indirectly through various problems in infancy and childhood Parameter estimates are standardized. Model-fit indices: χ2(89) = 229.31, p < .001, normed fit index = .98, Tucker-Lewis index = .96, root mean square error of approximation = .035.
***p <.0001.

Yoko Nomura, et al. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2011 March;72(2):199-209.
2.
Figure 1

Figure 1. From: Maternal Smoking During Pregnancy and Risk of Alcohol Use Disorders Among Adult Offspring.

Survival curves for alcohol use disorders among offspring exposed to maternal smoking during pregnancy in varying degrees (none, <20 cigarettes/ day, and ≥20 cigarettes/day during any pregnancy day). Bold solid line = offspring of mothers who smoked ≥20 cigarettes/day during pregnancy; dashed line = offspring of mothers who smoked <20 cigarettes//day during pregnancy; dotted line = offspring of mothers who did not smoke during pregnancy. Significant difference among groups by amount of maternal smoking (none; <20 cigarettes/day; and ≥20 cigarettes/day) was found in the test of equality of strata (Wilcoxon test), χ2(1) = 5.78, p = .016. The cumulative risks of lifetime alcohol use disorder in offspring exposed to smoking (<20 cigarettes/day and ≥20 cigarettes/day), relative to those unexposed, were estimated after adjusting for gender, race, social economic status, and mother's self-reported mental health status during pregnancy.

Yoko Nomura, et al. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2011 March;72(2):199-209.

Supplemental Content

Recent activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...
Write to the Help Desk