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Results: 3

1.
Figure 2

Figure 2. Time course of each urinary biomarker from putative insult. From: Improved performance of urinary biomarkers of acute kidney injury in the critically ill by stratification for injury duration and baseline renal function.

(a) GGT, γ-glutamyltranspeptidase, (b) AP, alkaline phosphatase, (c) CysC, cystatin C, (d) NGAL, neutrophil-gelatinase-associated lipocalin, (e) IL-18, interleukin-18, and (f) KIM-1, kidney injury molecule-1. All patients are included. AKI is AKI on entry or AKIN48 (AKI at any time within 48 h of entry to the ICU). Values shown are mean±s.e.m. There are approximately 50 measures at each time point for the AKI group. AKI, acute kidney injury; ICU, intensive care unit.

Zoltán H. Endre, et al. Kidney Int. ;79(10):10.1038/ki.2010.555.
2.
Figure 1

Figure 1. Scatter plot of all six urinary biomarkers according to the AKI status of the patient. From: Improved performance of urinary biomarkers of acute kidney injury in the critically ill by stratification for injury duration and baseline renal function.

(a) On entry to the ICU (AKI on entry) and (b) for those not AKI on entry, according to RIFLE24. It must be noted that for IL-18/uCr, the median line for the ‘no AKI’ group lies within the subthreshold values. AKI, acute kidney injury; AP, alkaline phosphatase; CysC, cystatin C; GGT, γ-glutamyltranspeptidase; ICU, intensive care unit; IL-18, interleukin-18; KIM-1, kidney injury molecule-1; NGAL, neutrophil-gelatinase-associated lipocalin; uCr, urinary creatinine.

Zoltán H. Endre, et al. Kidney Int. ;79(10):10.1038/ki.2010.555.
3.
Figure 3

Figure 3. Schematic interpretation of biomarker diagnostic performance, stratified for both time after renal insult and for baseline (pre-entry) renal function. From: Improved performance of urinary biomarkers of acute kidney injury in the critically ill by stratification for injury duration and baseline renal function.

Contour plots of the AUCs for each urinary biomarker indexed to urinary creatinine for diagnosis of AKI (AKIN) on entry to the ICU, illustrating that the diagnostic performance of a biomarker depends on both the individual’s normal renal status (eGFR) and the time of the measurement from insult. An AUC of 0.5 indicates no diagnostic capability. An AUC above 0.5 (red end of the color spectrum) indicates that high biomarker concentrations are diagnostic, and an AUC below 0.5 (blue end) illustrates that low biomarker concentrations are diagnostic. Contour lines are at AUC 0.05 intervals. Plots are based on the AUCs in Appendix Table 1. It must be noted that the contour lines are evenly spaced, interpolated lines between 16 points in each. These should not be interpreted as linear scales. AKI, acute kidney injury; AP, alkaline phosphatase; AUC, area under the receiver operator characteristic curve; CysC, cystatin C; eGFR, estimated glomerular filtration rate; GGT, γ-glutamyltranspeptidase; ICU, intensive care unit; IL-18, interleukin-18; KIM-1, kidney injury molecule-1; NGAL, neutrophil-gelatinase-associated lipocalin.

Zoltán H. Endre, et al. Kidney Int. ;79(10):10.1038/ki.2010.555.

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