Results: 4

1.
Figure 4

Figure 4. Rearrangement of transmembrane segment packing interactions upon agonist binding. From: Structure of a nanobody-stabilized active state of the ?2 adrenoceptor.

a, The BI-167107 and carazolol bound structures are superimposed to show structural differences propagating from the ligand binding pocket. BI-167107 and carazolol are shown with green and yellow bonds, respectively. b, Packing interactions that stabilize the inactive state are observed between Pro211 in TM5, Ile121 in TM3, Phe282 in TM6 and Asn318 in TM7. c, The inward movement of TM5 upon agonist binding disrupts the packing of Ile121 and Pro211 resulting in a rearrangement of interactions between Ile121 and Phe282. These changes contribute to a rotation and outward movement of TM6 and an inward movement of TM7.

Søren G. F. Rasmussen, et al. Nature. ;469(7329):175-180.
2.
Figure 3

Figure 3. Ligand binding pocket of BI-167107 and carazolol bound β2AR structures. From: Structure of a nanobody-stabilized active state of the ?2 adrenoceptor.

Panels a and b depict extracellular views of the agonist BI-167107 and carazolol bound structures, respectively. Residues within 4Å of one or both ligands are shown as sticks. In all panels, oxygens are red and nitrogens are blue. Panels c and d show a schematic representation of the interactions between the β2AR and the ligands BI-167107 and carazolol. The residues shown here have at least one atom within 4 Å of the ligand in the crystal structures. Mutations of amino acids in orange boxes have been shown to disrupt both antagonist and agonist binding. Mutations of amino acids in blue boxes have been shown to disrupt agonist binding. Green lines indicate potential hydrophobic interactions and orange lines indicate potential polar interactions.

Søren G. F. Rasmussen, et al. Nature. ;469(7329):175-180.
3.
Figure 1

Figure 1. Effect of Nb80 on β2AR structure and function. From: Structure of a nanobody-stabilized active state of the ?2 adrenoceptor.

a, The cartoon illustrates the movement of the environmentally-sensitive bimane probe attached to Cys2656.27 in the cytoplasmic end of TM6 from a more buried, hydrophobic environment to a more polar, solvent-exposed position during receptor activation that results in a decrease in the observed fluorescence in Figure 1b–c and Supplementary Figure 2c–d. b–c, Fluorescence emission spectra showing ligand-induced conformational changes of monobromobimane labeled β2AR reconstituted into high density lipoprotein particles (mBB-β2AR/HDL) in the absence (black solid line) or presence of full agonist isoproterenol (ISO, green wide dashed line), inverse agonist ICI-118,551 (ICI, black dashed line), Gs heterotrimer (red solid line), nanobody-80 (Nb80, blue solid lines), and combinations of Gs with ISO (red wide dashed line), Nb80 with ISO (blue wide dashed line), and Nb80 with ICI (blue dashed line). d–f Ligand binding curves for ISO competing against [3H]-dihydroalprenolol ([3H]-DHA) for d, β2AR/HDL reconstituted with Gs heterotrimer in the absence or presence GTPγS, e, β2AR/HDL in the absence and presence of Nb80, and f, β2AR-T4L/HDL in the absence and presence of Nb80. Error bars represent standard errors.

Søren G. F. Rasmussen, et al. Nature. ;469(7329):175-180.
4.
Figure 2

Figure 2. Comparison of the agonist-Nb80 stabilized crystal structures of the β2AR with inverse agonist bound β2AR and opsin. From: Structure of a nanobody-stabilized active state of the ?2 adrenoceptor.

The structure of inverse agonist carazolol bound β2AR-T4L (β2AR-Cz) is shown in blue with the carazolol in yellow. The structure of BI-167107 agonist bound and Nb80 stabilized β2AR-T4L (β2AR-Nb80) is shown in orange with BI-167107 in green. These two structures were aligned using Pymol align function. a, Side view of the β2AR-Nb80 complex with β2AR in orange and CDRs of Nb80 in light blue (CDR1) and blue (CDR3). b, Side view of the superimposed structures showing significant structural changes in the intracellular and G protein facing part of the receptors. c, Comparison of the extracellular ligand binding domains showing modest structural changes. d, Cytoplasmic view showing the ionic lock interaction between Asp3.49 and Arg3.50 of the DRY motif in TM3 is broken in the β2AR-Nb80 structure. The intracellular end of TM6 is moved outward and away from the core of the receptor. The arrow indicates a 11.4 Å change in distance between the α-carbon of Glu6.30 in the structures of β2AR-Cz and β2AR-Nb80. The intracellular ends of TM3 and TM7 move towards the core by 4 and 2.5 Å respectively, while TM5 moves outward by 6Å. e, The β2AR-Nb80 structure superimposed with the structure of opsin crystallized with the C-terminal peptide of Gt (transducin) 2. PyMOL (http://www.pymol.org) was used for the preparation of all structure figures.

Søren G. F. Rasmussen, et al. Nature. ;469(7329):175-180.

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