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Results: 4

1.
Figure 3

Figure 3. Pulse-chase analysis of the BP1 base assembly intermediate. From: Hexameric assembly of the proteasomal ATPases is templated through their C-termini.

Strains were metabolically labeled with S35-methionine in vivo for 4–5 min (pulse) and chased with excess methionine for 30 min (chase). Samples were then subjected to affinity-purification with ProA-TeV-Rpt1 and 2-D native/SDS-PAGE (5% and 4–12%, respectively) followed by autoradiography. BP1, but not Ubp6 + BP1, was labeled with S35-methionine during the pulse in both wild-type and the rpt4-Δ1 mutant.

Soyeon Park, et al. Nature. ;459(7248):866-870.
2.
Figure 1

Figure 1. rpt4-Δ1 and rpt6-Δ1 mutants are proteasome hypomorphs with defective proteasome assembly. From: Hexameric assembly of the proteasomal ATPases is templated through their C-termini.

a, Native PAGE (3.5%) and two consecutive LLVY-AMC assays with whole cell extracts (85 µg). Immediately after the first LLVY-AMC assay (top panel), the second assay was conducted in the presence of 0.02% SDS (bottom panel).
b, c, SDS-PAGE and immunoblotting with whole cell extracts. eIF5A is a loading control.
d, e, Growth phenotypes of rpt mutants. Cells were spotted in 4-fold dilutions on YPD, synthetic medium (control), or synthetic medium containing canavanine at 0.5 µg/ml. Plates were incubated for 2–4 days at 30°C or at 37°C (YPD 37).
f, 3.5% native PAGE and immunoblotting of whole cell extracts (85 µg) against Rpn8 (lid subunit) and Rpt5 (base subunit). Extracts (20 µg) were resolved by SDS-PAGE and immunoblotting for loading control.

Soyeon Park, et al. Nature. ;459(7248):866-870.
3.
Figure 2

Figure 2. Identification of a base assembly intermediate. From: Hexameric assembly of the proteasomal ATPases is templated through their C-termini.

a, 2-D native/SDS-PAGE of affinity-purifications with ProA-TeV-Rpt1 (Protein A tag appended to the N-terminus of Rpt1, a base subunit). Following a first-dimension native PAGE (5%), native gel lanes were individually excised and subjected to second-dimension SDS-PAGE (12.5%). Gels were stained with Coomassie blue. Individual spots of the base*, BP1, and Ubp6 + BP1 complexes were excised for mass spectrometry. Labels on the left indicate spots within base*. The presence of Rpn10 and Rpn13 in base* was not determined. Note that Rpt5 is absent from BP1 purified from rpt4-Δ1 mutants, but present in BP1 in untagged rpt4-Δ1 extracts (panel 4c). This appears to reflect a labile association of Rpt5 with BP1 in rpt4-Δ1 mutants. The presence of Ubp6 in BP1 is explained by its interaction with Rpn125. Note: Base* and BP1 species appear comparable between rpt6-Δ1 and rpt4-Δ1 mutants in their level and composition.
b, 5% Native PAGE following affinity purification via a ProA-TeV-Rpt1 as in (a) or a Pre1 (CP subunit)-TeV-ProA. Native gels were stained with Coomassie blue.
c, d, Immunoblotting following 5% native PAGE of whole cell extracts (100 µg).
e, Immunoblotting following 5% native PAGE of affinity-purified samples (2 µg) from indicated strains carrying ProA-TeV-Rpt1.

Soyeon Park, et al. Nature. ;459(7248):866-870.
4.
Figure 4

Figure 4. Interactions between Rpt C-termini and the CP control RP-chaperone release. From: Hexameric assembly of the proteasomal ATPases is templated through their C-termini.

a-c, SDS-PAGE and immunoblotting followed by affinity purification using a CP tag (Pre1-TeV-ProA). Rpn8 (lid subunit), and α7 (CP subunit) are loading controls. Nas6Δ proteasome (b) is a negative control. The rpt6-SES+ or rpt6-S+ mutants in (c) contain either a three (Ser-Glu-Ser) or one (Ser) residue insertion prior to the fourth residue from the C-terminus.
d, Phenotypic analysis of RPT6 insertion mutants. 4-fold serial dilutions were spotted on synthetic medium (control) or canavanine (1 µg/ml) plates. Cells were grown for 2–4 days at 30°C.
e, Model for late-stage base assembly. It is proposed that the base is formed by the addition of the BP1 complex, containing Rpn1, Rpt1, Rpt2, Rpt5, and Hsm3, to the putative BP2 complex. Initial contact with the CP is provided by BP2, whereas BP1 exists independently of the CP until it joins the BP2-CP complex. BP2 has not been identified and its exact composition is unknown. However, likely components of BP2 are Rpt4, Rpt6, Rpn2, and perhaps Rpt3. Rpn14 and Nas6 (not shown) may function prior to the formation of BP2-CP.

Soyeon Park, et al. Nature. ;459(7248):866-870.

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