Display Settings:

Items per page
We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information

Results: 7

1.
Figure 7

Figure 7. From: A systems approach to prion disease.

Expression profiles of DEGs changing predominantly in three short incubation time combinations or in two RML-infected mice. (A) Top 10 genes that show selective changes in short incubation time combinations, B6-RML, B6.I-301V, and FVB-RML as compared with long incubation time combinations (B6-301V and B6.I-RML). The changes of these genes in 0/+ is also shown as another example of mouse–prion combination with long incubation time; (B) top 10 genes that show selective changes in RML-infected combinations, B6-RML and B6.I-RML as compared with 301V-infected combinations, B6-301V and B6.I-301V.

Daehee Hwang, et al. Mol Syst Biol. 2009;5:252-252.
2.
Figure 2

Figure 2. From: A systems approach to prion disease.

Expression profiles of genes shared among comparison of five mouse–prion combinations or unique to Tg4053-RML. Dynamic gene expression profiles in all eight mouse strain–prion strain combinations are shown for three cases in the order of B6-RML, B6-301V, B6.I-RML, B6.I-301V, FVB-RML, Tg4053-RML, 0/+-RML, and 0/0-RML: (A) top 20 genes with highest statistical significance for involvement in prion pathology among 333 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) shared by five combinations, B6-RML, B6-301V, B6.I-RML, B6.I-301V, and FVB-RML; (B) bottom 20 genes with lowest statistical significance for involvement in prion pathology among 333 shared DEGs; and (C) top 20 DEGs with highest statistical significance for involvement in prion pathology among RML-infected Tg4053 mice.

Daehee Hwang, et al. Mol Syst Biol. 2009;5:252-252.
3.
Figure 3

Figure 3. From: A systems approach to prion disease.

Time course histoblots and profiles of selected DEGs in three mouse strains with varying PrPC concentration. (A) Histoblots are shown for dynamic patterns of accumulation of proteinase K-resistant PrPSc in brains of RML-infected mice with wild-type PrPC concentration (FVB), half of wild-type PrPC concentration (0/+), and approximately eight times of wild-type PrPC concentration (Tg4053). (B) Expression profiles of shared DEGs representing key network modules are shown for FVB, Tg4053, and 0/+ mice. No significant changes were detected for these genes in mice lacking the Prnp gene (0/0). Percentage of the incubation times (incubation time is defined in this paper as the time period from prion inoculation to end point) for the time points when gene expression changes start to occur are indicated with arrows in histoblot series (A) and gene expression profiles (B).

Daehee Hwang, et al. Mol Syst Biol. 2009;5:252-252.
4.
Figure 1

Figure 1. From: A systems approach to prion disease.

Strategies for identification of 333 core differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and their functional analysis in mouse prion diseases. Two prion strains (RML and 301V) were used for inoculating mice from six different genetic backgrounds (B6, B6.I, FVB, Tg4053, 0/+, and 0/0) to generate eight prion–mouse combinations. From the list of 7400 DEGs identified from at least one of the five combinations with normal levels of prion protein (1X), 333 DEGs shared by all five were selected through novel statistical methods to represent perturbed networks essential to prion pathophysiology. Venn diagram shows the overlap of the 333 DEGs with DEGs from Tg4053-RML (mice expressing eight times of normal prion protein levels) and from 0/+-RML (mice expressing one-half of normal prion protein levels). Among 333 DEGs, 161 genes were mapped to networks through protein–protein interaction network or metabolic pathways. Also, by comparison of 333 DEGs with previous prion microarray studies, we identified 178 DEGs that have not been reported in connection with prion disease.

Daehee Hwang, et al. Mol Syst Biol. 2009;5:252-252.
5.
Figure 6

Figure 6. From: A systems approach to prion disease.

Novel functional modules with dynamic gene expression changes potentially linked to prion pathophysiology: (A) androgen metabolism, (B) iron metabolism, (C) arachidonate/phospholipid metabolism. Hypothetical networks of proteins and metabolites that are potentially involved in three novel functional modules were constructed based on genes selected from the list of 333 shared DEGs and metabolic pathway information from literature. The temporal expression changes at six time points (10, 14, 16, 18, 20, and 22 weeks after inoculating BL6 mice with RML prions) are represented by the circular heatmaps of the network nodes: the center color of each node indicates the differential expression at 10 weeks, whereas the outer circle colors represent expression changes at increasing time points. Large nodes indicate DEGs whose expression change patterns are shared by five mouse-prion combinations; asterisks indicate DEGs whose prion-related changes are unique in this study. See text for detailed description of the three pathways.

Daehee Hwang, et al. Mol Syst Biol. 2009;5:252-252.
6.
Figure 4

Figure 4. From: A systems approach to prion disease.

Dynamic PrP replication and accumulation network. Hypothetical networks of proteins and metabolites that are potentially involved in PrP replication and accumulation were constructed starting from the list of 333 shared DEGs and protein–protein interaction/metabolic pathway information from public databases. Relative changes of the transcripts for the corresponding proteins are represented in color changes: red—upregulation, green—downregulation, yellow—no change. Data for the transcriptional changes are from BL6 mice infected with RML prions, at 6 weeks (A), 10 weeks (B), 14 weeks (C), 18 weeks (D), 20 weeks (E), and 22 weeks (F) after inoculation. See main text for detailed description of modules 1 through 6. Ch: cholesterol; ECM: extracellular matrix; PM: plasma membrane. Large nodes indicate DEGs whose expression change patterns are shared by five prion–mouse combinations (B6-RML, B6-301V, B6.I-RML, B6.I-301V, and FVB-RML); asterisks indicate DEGs whose prion-related changes are unique in this study; genes in blue are also DEGs in RML-infected 0/+ mice; genes in bold are also DEGs in RML-infected Tg4053 mice; genes with solid underline were changed only in mice with short incubation times; genes with dotted underline were changed only in RML-infected mice. Source data is available for this figure at www.nature.com/msb

Daehee Hwang, et al. Mol Syst Biol. 2009;5:252-252.
7.
Figure 5

Figure 5. From: A systems approach to prion disease.

Microglial and astrocyte activation network. Hypothetical networks of proteins and metabolites that are potentially involved in activation of microglia and astrocytes were constructed starting from the list of 333 shared DEGs and protein–protein interaction information from public databases. Modules A–F denote distinct functional modules within the network: (A) Complement activation, (B) pattern recognition receptors, (C) cytokines and chemokines, (D) growth factors, (E) reactive astrogliosis, and (F) leukocyte extravasation. Relative changes of the transcripts for the corresponding proteins are represented in color changes: red—upregulation, green—downregulation, yellow—no change. Data for differential expression are from BL6 mice infected with RML prions. The temporal expression changes at six time points (10, 14, 16, 18, 20, and 22 weeks) are represented by the circular heatmaps of the network nodes: the center color of each node indicates the differential expression at 10 weeks, while the outer circle colors represent expression changes at increasing time points. Large nodes indicate DEGs whose expression change patterns are shared by five prion-mouse combinations; asterisks indicate DEGs whose prion-related changes are unique in this study; genes in blue are also DEGs in RML-infected 0/+ mice; genes in bold are also DEGs in RML-infected Tg4053 mice; genes with solid underline were changed only in mice with short incubation times. Source data is available for this figure at www.nature.com/msb

Daehee Hwang, et al. Mol Syst Biol. 2009;5:252-252.

Display Settings:

Items per page

Supplemental Content

Recent activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...
Write to the Help Desk