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1.
Figure 4

Figure 4. From: A high resolution small animal radiation research platform (SARRP) with x-ray tomographic guidance capabilities.

A surface-rendered display of the Pinnacle3 3D treatment planning system showing the irradiation of a mouse brain using 15 beams equally spaced in a coronal arc arrangement. Each beam is of 1 mm in diameter.

John Wong, et al. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. ;71(5):1591-1599.
2.
Figure 5

Figure 5. From: A high resolution small animal radiation research platform (SARRP) with x-ray tomographic guidance capabilities.

(a) A sagittal slice of cone-beam CT of an anesthetized mouse scanned in the prone position. (b) A coronal CBCT slice of the same mouse. The mouse was immobilized with a custom head holder equipped with ear-pins and bite-block. The projection images were acquired with the flat panel detector.

John Wong, et al. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. ;71(5):1591-1599.
3.
Figure 2

Figure 2. From: A high resolution small animal radiation research platform (SARRP) with x-ray tomographic guidance capabilities.

(a) A picture of the tertiary brass collimation inserts with dimensions of 30 mm × 30 mm, 3 mm × 3mm and 0.5 mm diameter for the SARRP. (b) A picture of the radiosurgery-like collimating cone assembly attached to primary collimator of the SARRP for small field irradiations (< 5mm × 5mm in dimensions).

John Wong, et al. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. ;71(5):1591-1599.
4.
Figure 3

Figure 3. From: A high resolution small animal radiation research platform (SARRP) with x-ray tomographic guidance capabilities.

A CAD drawing of the novel configuration for cone-beam CT imaging on the SARRP. The x-ray source and a flat panel amorphous silicon detector are fixed at opposite horizontal positions of 90° and 270° respectively. The animal subject is rotated by the robotic stage. The 21 cm × 21 cm flat panel amorphous silicon detector has replaced the camera-based electronic imaging system of Figure 1.

John Wong, et al. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. ;71(5):1591-1599.
5.
Figure 7

Figure 7. From: A high resolution small animal radiation research platform (SARRP) with x-ray tomographic guidance capabilities.

(a) The EGSnrc generated isodose distributions overlaid on a coronal CT slice of one of the mouse brains irradiated by the fifteen 1 mm diameter beams arrangement as shown in Figure 4. The “dose in air” artifacts are due to non-zero density CT numbers in the calculation grid. The added filtration was 4 mm Al. (b) The corresponding dose volume histogram of the irradiated mouse brain, contoured as the soft tissue density volume encased by the skull.

John Wong, et al. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. ;71(5):1591-1599.
6.
Figure 8

Figure 8. From: A high resolution small animal radiation research platform (SARRP) with x-ray tomographic guidance capabilities.

(a) A double-exposed EBT film of the mouse irradiation where a single 3 mm × 3mm beam was directed posteriorily to the right hemisphere. (b) A merged image of the sectioned mouse brain that was stained with DAPI for cell nuclei and with antibody against γ-H2AX for correspondence with radiation-induced DNA strand breaks. The entire section shows DAPI staining, while there is an apparent sharp demarcation of a region that also shows γ-H2AX staining. A beam edge is suggested on the image as the experiment did not include geometric validation of the coincidence of the irradiation and γ-H2AX regions. The inset in the figure shows the extraction of the irradiated mouse brain for staining.

John Wong, et al. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. ;71(5):1591-1599.
7.
Figure 6

Figure 6. From: A high resolution small animal radiation research platform (SARRP) with x-ray tomographic guidance capabilities.

(a) Measured cross-beam profiles at depths in plastic water for a 30 mm × 30 mm beam at a SSD of 33.5 cm, in comparison with the Monte Carlo calculations by the Pinnacle3 research (blue) and EGSnrc (pink) codes respectively. The added filtration was 4 mm Al. (b) and (c) Measured cross-beam profiles for the smallest beams of 1 mm and 0.5 mm diameters formed by “nozzle” collimators, respectively. The added filtrations were 0.5 mm Cu. Note that the beams are shifted from the expected central axis beam path by about 0.5mm. A picture of one of the exposed EBT film is shown in (d).

John Wong, et al. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. ;71(5):1591-1599.
8.
Figure 1

Figure 1. From: A high resolution small animal radiation research platform (SARRP) with x-ray tomographic guidance capabilities.

A picture of the small animal radiation research platform (SARRP) with conformal irradiation and cone beam CT guidance capabilities. The maximum extent of the system measures 3 ft in width, 4 ft in length, and 6 ft in height. It is equipped with wheels for ease of transport, but rests on stops for stationary use. The camera-based electronic imaging system has since been replaced with a 21cm × 21 cm flat panel amorphous silicon detector, 9 months prior to this writing.

John Wong, et al. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. ;71(5):1591-1599.

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