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1.
FIG. 4.

FIG. 4. From: Cyclin-Specific Control of Ribosomal DNA Segregation .

CLB5N causes DNA replication defects. (A) CLB5 and CLB5N cells were released from G1 arrest in the absence of SIC1 as in Fig. 3B, and flow cytometry was used to analyze cellular DNA content. (B) Procedure was as in panel A but with MCM4-GFP cells, which were analyzed for budding, binucleates, and the localization of the Mcm4-GFP protein.

Matt Sullivan, et al. Mol Cell Biol. 2008 September;28(17):5328-5336.
2.
FIG. 6.

FIG. 6. From: Cyclin-Specific Control of Ribosomal DNA Segregation .

Meiotic rDNA segregation fails in the presence of stabilized Dbf4 and Clb5. Diploid DBF4 and DBF4N SK1 cells, with or without pDMC1-CLB5N, were followed through synchronous meiosis. Chromosome divisions were scored (A), as were the survival rates of resulting spores (B) and the segregation patterns of Nop1 through both anaphase I (C) and anaphase II (D). Histograms are labeled WT (wild type), d (DBF4N), c (pDMC1-CLB5N), and dc (DBF4-ΔN with pDMC1-CLB5N).

Matt Sullivan, et al. Mol Cell Biol. 2008 September;28(17):5328-5336.
3.
FIG. 7.

FIG. 7. From: Cyclin-Specific Control of Ribosomal DNA Segregation .

Model of regulatory mechanisms governing chromosome segregation in budding yeast. Bulk chromosome separation occurs when cohesin is cleaved by separase, the activation of which results from the APCCdc20-dependent destruction of securin. Efficient removal of rDNA cohesion also requires the dephosphorylation of Clb5-specific Cdk1 targets, which results from the activation of Cdc14 by separase and the destruction of Clb5 via APCCdc20. By uncertain mechanisms, APCCdc20-dependent Dbf4 destruction also contributes. Destruction of Clb2 allows dephosphorylation of its targets after anaphase, leading to spindle disassembly and mitotic exit.

Matt Sullivan, et al. Mol Cell Biol. 2008 September;28(17):5328-5336.
4.
FIG. 2.

FIG. 2. From: Cyclin-Specific Control of Ribosomal DNA Segregation .

Clb5 inhibits rDNA segregation. (A) Cells carrying either GAL-CLB5N or GAL-CLB2N were arrested in G1 with α-factor and then released into fresh galactose media to induce cyclin expression. Samples were collected every 15 min for analysis of binucleate formation and Nop1 segregation. Representative images are shown of GAL-CLB5N yeast and GAL-CLB2N yeast 120 min after release from G1. (B) Asynchronous CLB5 (WT) and CLB5db cells were collected and binucleates analyzed for the number of segregated and unsegregated Nop1 masses. Representative images are shown (left).

Matt Sullivan, et al. Mol Cell Biol. 2008 September;28(17):5328-5336.
5.
FIG. 1.

FIG. 1. From: Cyclin-Specific Control of Ribosomal DNA Segregation .

APCCdc20-dependent degradation of securin and Clb5 allows rDNA segregation. Wild-type (WT), cdc20Δ, cdc20Δ pds1Δ, and cdc20Δ pds1Δ clb5Δ yeast expressing GAL-CDC20 were arrested in G1 with α-factor and then released into fresh dextrose media to repress CDC20 transcription. Samples were collected every 20 min for analysis of budding, binucleate formation (bulk chromosome segregation, assessed by DAPI [4′,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole] staining), and Nop1 segregation (a marker of nucleolar rDNA segregation) (top panel). The bottom panel shows representative images of cdc20Δ pds1Δ and cdc20Δ pds1Δ clb5Δ yeast 140 min after release from G1.

Matt Sullivan, et al. Mol Cell Biol. 2008 September;28(17):5328-5336.
6.
FIG. 5.

FIG. 5. From: Cyclin-Specific Control of Ribosomal DNA Segregation .

Stabilization of Dbf4 contributes to the rDNA segregation delay. (A) Representative images of Dbf4-myc in metaphase or anaphase from wild-type or DBF4N cells. (B) DBF4 and DBF4N cells were arrested in M phase by nocodazole treatment or G1 by α-factor treatment, and the levels of Dbf4 were analyzed. The asterisk indicates a nonspecific background band recognized by the anti-myc antibody. (C) DBF4 and DBF4-ΔN cells, carrying an extra copy of either CLB5 or CLB5N, were released from a G1 arrest as in Fig. 3C, and α-factor was re-added 80 min after release to arrest cells in the following G1. Samples were collected every 20 min for analysis of budding, binucleate formation, and Nop1 segregation.

Matt Sullivan, et al. Mol Cell Biol. 2008 September;28(17):5328-5336.
7.
FIG. 3.

FIG. 3. From: Cyclin-Specific Control of Ribosomal DNA Segregation .

CLB5-ΔN is lethal and causes an rDNA segregation delay. (A) Wild-type or rDNAΔ cells, carrying GAL-SIC1 and an extra copy of the CLB5 or CLB5N gene (expressed from the CLB5 promoter), were plated on either galactose or dextrose media. (B) GAL-SIC1 cells carrying an extra copy of CLB5 or CLB5N were arrested in G1 by α-factor treatment and released into fresh dextrose media to repress SIC1 transcription. Samples were taken every 20 min, and the levels of Clb5 and Clb2 were analyzed by Western blotting. (C) Procedure was as in panel B, but α-factor was added 90 min after release to arrest cells in the following G1. Samples were collected every 15 min for analysis of budding, binucleate formation, and Nop1 segregation. Images on the right show representative cells 140 min after release from G1.

Matt Sullivan, et al. Mol Cell Biol. 2008 September;28(17):5328-5336.

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