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Results: 6

1.
Figure 1

Figure 1. From: Neuroanatomical Distinctions within the Semantic System during Sentence Comprehension: Evidence from functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

Cortical statistical maps comparing responses to all sentences (modeled across the whole trial) with responses to the low-level fixation condition. Activation is displayed on an average cortical surface with light gray indicating the gyri, and dark gray indicating the sulci. Top panel: lateral surfaces; middle panel: medial surfaces; bottom panel: ventral surfaces. Yellow-red: more activity to sentences than to fixation. Blue: less activity to sentences than to fixation.
All clusters circled are significant at a cluster-level p < 0.05. Cluster numbers correspond directly to those regions reported in Table 3.

Gina R. Kuperberg, et al. Neuroimage. ;40(1):367-388.
2.
Figure 4

Figure 4. From: Neuroanatomical Distinctions within the Semantic System during Sentence Comprehension: Evidence from functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

Cortical statistical maps comparing responses to the animacy violations (modeled from the onset of the critical word until the onset of the “?”) with responses to the non-violated verbs (top row) and to the pragmatically violated verbs (middle row). Activation is displayed on an average lateral cortical surface with light gray indicating the gyri, and dark gray indicating the sulci. Yellow-red: more activity to the animacy violations than to the non-violated verbs or to the pragmatic violations. Blue: less activity to the animacy violations than to the non-violated verbs and the pragmatic violations. All clusters circled are significant at a cluster-level p < 0.05. Cluster numbers correspond directly to those regions reported in Table 6.
Bottom row: areas that showed overlap between the yellow-red clusters shown in the first two rows, i.e. regions that showed more activity to the animacy violations relative to both the non-violated verbs and the pragmatic violations.

Gina R. Kuperberg, et al. Neuroimage. ;40(1):367-388.
3.
Figure 5

Figure 5. From: Neuroanatomical Distinctions within the Semantic System during Sentence Comprehension: Evidence from functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

The image illustrates cortical maps showing regions commonly activated by the syntactically violated and the animacy violated sentences (relative to the normal sentences and the pragmatically violated sentences). Green: regions of overlap that showed more activity to the syntactic violations relative to both non-violated verbs and pragmatically-violations (i.e. those shown in the bottom row of Figure 3). Blue: regions of overlap that showed more activity to the animacy violations relative to both non-violated verbs and pragmatic violations (i.e. those shown in the bottom row of Figure 4). Yellow: regions of overlap between those areas shown in blue and green. The hemodynamic time courses of activation for each of these yellow regions depicting overall overlap are shown. The numbers indicated correspond directly to the regions reported in Tables 5 and 6 and depicted in Figures 3 and 4. Talairach coordinates within of each of these regions is given. Brodmann Areas (BAs) are approximate.

Gina R. Kuperberg, et al. Neuroimage. ;40(1):367-388.
4.
Figure 6

Figure 6. From: Neuroanatomical Distinctions within the Semantic System during Sentence Comprehension: Evidence from functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

Top row: Cortical statistical maps comparing responses to the each type of violations (modeled from the onset of the critical word until the onset of the “?”) with responses to the non-violated verbs. Activation is displayed on average ventral cortical surfaces with light gray indicating the gyri, and dark gray indicating the sulci. Yellow-red: more activity to each type of violation than the non-violated verbs. The circled clusters indicate the anterior medial fusiform cortices that showed significantly more activity to the violations than the non-violated verbs in all three contrasts (cluster-level p < 0.05) and correspond to cluster 10 reported in Tables 3, 4 and 5. Bottom row: the anterior medial fusiform gyri were the only areas that overlapped between the yellow-red clusters in the three contrasts above.

Gina R. Kuperberg, et al. Neuroimage. ;40(1):367-388.
5.
Figure 2

Figure 2. From: Neuroanatomical Distinctions within the Semantic System during Sentence Comprehension: Evidence from functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

Top row: Cortical statistical maps comparing responses to the pragmatic violations (modeled from the onset of the critical word until the onset of the “?”) with responses to each of the other sentence types. Activation is displayed on an average left lateral cortical surface with light gray indicating the gyri, and dark gray indicating the sulci. Yellow-red: more activity to the pragmatic violations than to the other types of violations and the non-violated verbs. Blue: less activity to the pragmatic violations than to the other types of violations and the non-violated verbs. The circled cluster (1) indicates the left anterior inferior frontal gyrus that showed significantly more activity to the pragmatic violations in all three contrasts (cluster-level p < 0.05).
Bottom row: the left anterior inferior frontal gyrus was the only area that showed overlap between the yellow-red clusters in the three contrasts above.

Gina R. Kuperberg, et al. Neuroimage. ;40(1):367-388.
6.
Figure 3

Figure 3. From: Neuroanatomical Distinctions within the Semantic System during Sentence Comprehension: Evidence from functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

Cortical statistical maps comparing responses to the syntactic violations (modeled from the onset of the critical word until the onset of the “?”) with responses to the non-violated verbs (top row) and to the pragmatically violated verbs (middle row). Activation is displayed on an average lateral cortical surface (left) and an average medial surface (right) with light gray indicating the gyri, and dark gray indicating the sulci. Yellow-red: more activity to the syntactic violations than to the non-violated verbs or to the pragmatic violations. Blue: less activity to the syntactic violations than to the non-violated verbs and the pragmatic violations.
Bottom row: areas that showed overlap between the yellow-red clusters shown in the first two rows, i.e. regions that showed more activity to the syntactic violations relative to both the non-violated verbs and the pragmatic violations.
All clusters circled are significant at a cluster-level p < 0.05. Cluster numbers correspond directly to those regions reported in Table 5.

Gina R. Kuperberg, et al. Neuroimage. ;40(1):367-388.

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