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Results: 7

1.
Fig 1

Fig 1. From: The BMP signaling gradient patterns dorsoventral tissues in a temporally progressive manner along the anteroposterior axis.

Formation of the BMP activity gradient. Wholemount P-Smad5 (green) antibody staining during blastula stages, at 4 hpf (A), 4.75 hpf (B), 5 hpf (C) and during gastrula stages at 5.5 hpf (D), 6 hpf (E), 6.25 hpf (F), 7.25 hpf (G), 8.25 hpf (H), and 9 hpf (I). Nuclei were stained with DAPI (blue). A-E animal view, F-I, lateral view, dorsal to right in all.

Jennifer A. Tucker, et al. Dev Cell. ;14(1):108-119.
2.
Fig 3

Fig 3. From: The BMP signaling gradient patterns dorsoventral tissues in a temporally progressive manner along the anteroposterior axis.

Tg(hsp70:chd) rapidly inhibits BMP signaling, generating a range of dorsalized phenotypes dependent on induction time. (A) P-Smad5 Western blot at blastula (3.0 to 5.25 hpf), onset of gastrulation (5.5 hpf) through mid-gastrulation (5.75 to 7.75 hpf) stages. (B) P-Smad5 during (20, 40 min time points) and immediately after a 60-min HS at 4, 5, or 6 hpf. Actin is a loading control. Non-transgenic WT (C), and transgenic siblings heat-shocked at 4 hpf (D) or 6 hpf (E) at the 3-somite stage and at 1 dpf (F). Dorsalization at 1 dpf of embryos heat-shocked at 7 hpf (G) and 10 hpf (H, arrows indicate loss of ventral tail tissue). (I) Distribution of dorsalized phenotypes following HS at different time points.

Jennifer A. Tucker, et al. Dev Cell. ;14(1):108-119.
3.
Fig 6

Fig 6. From: The BMP signaling gradient patterns dorsoventral tissues in a temporally progressive manner along the anteroposterior axis.

Progressive BMP inhibition series reveals progressive DV mesodermal patterning along the AP axis, and rescue of posterior but not anterior in MZ-laf embryos. WT1 expression in the pronephros in heat-shocked non-transgenic WT siblings (A), and following HS at 5 hpf (D, n=16/19), 5.5 hpf (G, n=7/12), or 6 hpf (J, n=10/12). pax2.1 expression in pronephros (arrowheads), MHB (arrow), and otic placode (asterisk) in WT (B), and following HS at 5 hpf (E, n=16/16), 5.5 hpf (H, n=14/24), or 6 hpf (K, n=10/13). krox20 expression was also examined in H (brackets). Expression of gata1 in blood progenitors (arrowheads) and krox20 in hindbrain (brackets) in WT (C) and following HS at 5 hpf (F, n=5/5), 5.5 hpf (I, n=6/6), or 6 hpf (L, n=5/7). (M) krox20 expression in R3 and R5 (arrowheads), and myoD in somitic mesoderm in MZ-laf mutants overexpressing bmp2b in the absence of HS (M) or following a 30-min HS induction at 6.75 hpf (N) of Tg(hsp70:alk8) causes partial expansion of R5 (asterisk), but complete expansion of R3 (arrowhead), and re-initiation of P-Smad5 by 7.25 hpf (O). A-N are lateral views, dorsal to right, at 5-somite stage. O is animal pole view, dorsal to right.

Jennifer A. Tucker, et al. Dev Cell. ;14(1):108-119.
4.
Fig 4

Fig 4. From: The BMP signaling gradient patterns dorsoventral tissues in a temporally progressive manner along the anteroposterior axis.

Tg(hsp70:chd) induced dorsalization is apparent during gastrulation. Whole mount in situ hybridization of non-transgenic heat-shocked WT siblings (A-D) compared to heat-shocked transgenic embryos (E-T). otx2 expression at 60-65% epiboly in prospective anterior neural tissue in WT (A), or transgenic following HS at 4 hpf (E, n=9/9), 5 hpf (I, n=6/6), 5.5 hpf (M, n=19/19) or 6 hpf (Q, n=13/13). foxb1.2 expression in prospective neurectoderm in WT at 50% epiboly (B), or at 50% epiboly or shield stage immediately following HS at 4 hpf (F, n=3/3) or 5 hpf (J, n=9/9), respectively. foxb1.2 expression at 55-60% epiboly following a 5.5 hpf HS (N, n=9/10), and at 65-70% epiboly following a 6 hpf HS (R, n=15/15). AP2 expression at 70% epiboly in ventral non-neural ectoderm in WT (C), and following HS at 4 hpf (G, n=13/13), 5 hpf (K, n=7/7), 5.5 hpf (O, n=7/7), or 6 hpf (S, n=8/8). dlx3 expression at 70% epiboly in ventral non-neural ectoderm in WT (D), and following HS at 4 hpf (H, n=12/12), 5 hpf (L, n=7/7), 5.5 hpf (P, n=8/10) or 6 hpf (T, n=12/16). gsc expression in dorsal midline mesoderm serves as a control for AP-2 and dlx-3, and is unaffected by HS. Arrowheads denote expression domains. D, H, L, P, T lateral views, dorsal to right, all others are animal views, dorsal to right.

Jennifer A. Tucker, et al. Dev Cell. ;14(1):108-119.
5.
Fig 7

Fig 7. From: The BMP signaling gradient patterns dorsoventral tissues in a temporally progressive manner along the anteroposterior axis.

Progressive Critical Intervals Model.
(A) In the left embryo schematic orange (1, 4, 7), green (2, 5, 8), and purple (3, 6, 9) represent ventral, lateral, and dorsal positions in the embryo, respectively. M (MHB, 1, 2, 3), R3 (4, 5, 6) and R5 (7, 8, 9) represent different AP positions. Right embryo schematic shows the DV cell fate that normally forms from each DV position. (B) P-Smad5 levels are shown over time for three discrete ventral (V), lateral (L), and dorsal (D) positions (colored lines), giving rise to three different cell fates. Color scheme as in (A). The critical interval for BMP signal interpretation for each AP position is indicated by the vertical rectangle. (C-G) Plots of P-Smad5 levels following each HS induction time point, as indicated by the red triangle, for each DV position over time. Changes in DV cell fate for each AP position are indicated by the box color in the rectangles and in the schematized embryos below.

Jennifer A. Tucker, et al. Dev Cell. ;14(1):108-119.
6.
Fig 5

Fig 5. From: The BMP signaling gradient patterns dorsoventral tissues in a temporally progressive manner along the anteroposterior axis.

Progressive BMP inhibition series by Tg(hsp70:chd) reveals progressive DV ectodermal patterning along the AP axis. Expression of pax2.1 in the MHB (arrow), krox20 in R3 and R5 (bracket), and myoD in somitic mesoderm at the 6-somite stage in WT (A) and following HS at 4 hpf (E, n=17/19), 5 hpf (I, n=15/21), 5.5 hpf (M, n=13/18), 6 hpf (Q, n=21/21), or 6.5 hpf (U, n=11/11). Arrowheads denote circumferential neural tissues. foxd3 expression in CNC at the 6-somite stage in WT (B) and following HS at 4 hpf (F, n=12/13), 5 hpf (J, n=13/21), 5.5 hpf (N, n=15/19), 6 hpf (R, n=11/15), or 6.5 hpf (V). Asterisks denote unaffected tail bud expression. p63 expression in prospective epidermis at the 2-somite stage in WT (C) and following HS at 4 hpf (G, n=8/8), 5 hpf (K, n=16/16), 5.5 hpf (O, n=8/17), 6 hpf (S, n=16/24), or 6.5 hpf (W, n=5/5). (D, H, L, P, T, X) Representations summarize the relative domains of the three tissue types. Yellow is neurectoderm, turquoise is neural crest, and blue is epidermis. M indicates MHB boundary, 3 and 5 are R3 and R5. Tan stripes are the regions between the MHB, R3, and R5 AP positions across the DV axis. All are lateral views, dorsal to right, anterior to top, except insets in A, Q, U, which are dorsal views, anterior to top.

Jennifer A. Tucker, et al. Dev Cell. ;14(1):108-119.
7.
Fig 2

Fig 2. From: The BMP signaling gradient patterns dorsoventral tissues in a temporally progressive manner along the anteroposterior axis.

Temporal series of Tg(hsp70:alk8) induction to rescue MZ-laf and Z-laf. Live C5 dorsalized non-heat-shocked MZ-laf transgenic embryo at the 3-somite (3 som) stage (A). Live M-laf embryos (laf/+ embryos from laf/laf mother) heat-shocked at 4 hpf display a wild-type (WT) phenotype at the 3-som stage (B) and at 24 hpf (C), consistent with a lack of alk8 overexpression phenotypic effects (Bauer et al., 2001; Mintzer et al., 2001). HS (Heat-shock) of MZ-laf; Tg(hsp70:alk8)/+ embryos at 4 hpf rescues them to C1 phenotype (D, arrowhead marks protruding tail bud; E, arrow marks partial loss of the ventral tail fin). HS at 7 hpf (F) fails to rescue MZ-laf transgenic embryos. MZ-laf mutants vary in the expansion of pax2.1 expression in the MHB (*), from greatly expanded (A inset) to circumferential (F inset). P-Smad5 in non-heat-shocked MZ-laf embryos at 5.5 hpf (G) and 6.5 hpf (H). After HS at 5 hpf, P-Smad5 at 5.5 hpf (I) and 6.5 hpf (K) in MZ-laf and WT (J). A higher gain was used to image all P-Smad5 embryos in this figure compared to Fig 1. (L) Graphic of extent of rescue of zygotic laf mutant transgenic embryos heat-shocked for 30 min at different time points. G, H-K are animal views, dorsal to right, insets in B, D are dorsal views, anterior to top, all others are lateral views, dorsal to right. Insets in A, B, D, F are pax2.1 (asterisk), krox20 (bracket) and myoD in situ hybridization at the 5-somite stage.

Jennifer A. Tucker, et al. Dev Cell. ;14(1):108-119.

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