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Results: 7

1.
Figure 1

Figure 1. From: Radioiodide imaging and radiovirotherapy of multiple myeloma using VSV(?51)-NIS, an attenuated vesicular stomatitis virus encoding the sodium iodide symporter gene.

Schematic representation of VSV(Δ51)-NIS. The genes in the VSV(Δ51)-NIS cDNA are illustrated in 3′ to 5′ orientation. The hNIS cDNA was cloned downstream of G in the VSV(Δ51) vector using XhoI and Nhe I restriction sites. N indicates nucleocapsid protein; P, phosphoprotein; M, matrix protein; G, glycoprotein, and L, polymerase protein.

Apollina Goel, et al. Blood. 2007 October 1;110(7):2342-2350.
2.
Figure 6

Figure 6. From: Radioiodide imaging and radiovirotherapy of multiple myeloma using VSV(?51)-NIS, an attenuated vesicular stomatitis virus encoding the sodium iodide symporter gene.

Radiovirotherapy of myeloma tumors in syngeneic, immunocompetent mice. C57BL6/KaLwRij mice with established subcutaneous myeloma tumors were treated with VSV(Δ51)-NIS or VSV(Δ51)-GFP (2 doses of 2.5 × 108 TCID50/dose) without or with 131I (1 mCi/mouse intraperitoneally 24 hours after virus administration) and tumor volumes are plotted against days after treatment. Arrows indicate virus injections; arrowhead, 131I injection; points, mean; bars, SE.

Apollina Goel, et al. Blood. 2007 October 1;110(7):2342-2350.
3.
Figure 5

Figure 5. From: Radioiodide imaging and radiovirotherapy of multiple myeloma using VSV(?51)-NIS, an attenuated vesicular stomatitis virus encoding the sodium iodide symporter gene.

VSV(Δ51)-NIS controls the growth of myeloma tumors in bg/nu/xid mice. Mice bearing subcutaneous myeloma tumors (mean volume 100 mm3) were treated with VSV(Δ51)-NIS (2 doses of 5 × 107 TCID50/dose) and monitored for (A) tumor growth. Points, mean tumor volumes (n = 10 for test groups and n = 5 for the control groups); bars indicate SE. (B) Kaplan-Meier survival curves of mice treated with saline or VSV(Δ51)-NIS (intratumorally or intravenously). Arrows indicate virus injections.

Apollina Goel, et al. Blood. 2007 October 1;110(7):2342-2350.
4.
Figure 7

Figure 7. From: Radioiodide imaging and radiovirotherapy of multiple myeloma using VSV(?51)-NIS, an attenuated vesicular stomatitis virus encoding the sodium iodide symporter gene.

Radiovirotherapy of orthtopic myeloma tumors in syngeneic, immunocompetent mice. C57BL6/KaLwRij mice with disseminated myeloma were treated with VSV(Δ51)-NIS (2 doses of 2.5 × 108 TCID50/dose) without or with 131I (1 mCi/mouse intraperitoneally 24 hours after virus administration). (A) Median survival of mice is shown as Kaplan-Meier plots. Arrows indicate virus injections and arrowhead indicate 131I injection. (B) Myeloma burden of various cohorts was determined by measuring serum IgG2b levels on day 29 after tumor engraftment (n = 4 per group, average values are shown by line).

Apollina Goel, et al. Blood. 2007 October 1;110(7):2342-2350.
5.
Figure 3

Figure 3. From: Radioiodide imaging and radiovirotherapy of multiple myeloma using VSV(?51)-NIS, an attenuated vesicular stomatitis virus encoding the sodium iodide symporter gene.

VSV(Δ51)-NIS replicates in subcutaneous 5TGM1 tumors. (A) Histologic analysis and immunohistochemical staining for VSV-G antigen of representative sections of 5TGM1 myeloma tumors 4 days after initiation of therapy for groups receiving no virus or VSV(Δ51)-NIS (IT or IV). Paraffin-embedded tissues were sectioned at 4-μm thickness and incubated with polyclonal anti-VSV-G antibody, which was detected with biotinylated antirabbit secondary antibody and the avidin:biotin complexing system. Sections were counterstained with hematoxylin and viewed with an Olympus BX45 microscope (Olympus, Center Valley, PA) at 40×/0.9 NA magnification. (B) 5TGM1 tumors were treated with VSV(Δ51)-NIS IT or IV, excised on days 1 and 3 after therapy, and viral titers determined by Vero cell titration. The data are expressed as log TCID50/mg of tumor and are averaged for 3 tumors/time point. (C) Tumor-free bg/nu/xid mice received a single intravenous administration of 108 TCID50 of VSV-GFP, VSV(Δ51)-NIS, or VSV(Δ51)-GFP, and were monitored for toxicity and survival (n = 5/group). Experiments were performed in triplicate (mean ± SEM).

Apollina Goel, et al. Blood. 2007 October 1;110(7):2342-2350.
6.
Figure 2

Figure 2. From: Radioiodide imaging and radiovirotherapy of multiple myeloma using VSV(?51)-NIS, an attenuated vesicular stomatitis virus encoding the sodium iodide symporter gene.

VSV(Δ51)-NIS virus has in vitro antimyeloma activity and VSV(Δ51)-NIS–infected cells can concentrate radioactive iodine. For cytotoxicity studies (A,B) cells were mock-infected or infected with VSV(Δ51)-NIS (MOI = 1.0) for 30 minutes at 37°C and MTT assay was performed 48 hours after infection. Experiments were performed in triplicate and cell death is expressed as relative percentage viability compared with untreated control. Bars represent mean plus or minus a SEM. (A) Cytotoxicity of VSV(Δ51)-NIS on myeloma cell lines (human and mouse), a mouse bone marrow stromal cell line (SR-4987), or human skin fibroblasts. (B) Specific cytotoxicity of VSV(Δ51)-NIS on primary CD138-positive myeloma cells versus CD138-negative normal bone marrow progenitor cells. (C) One-step growth curves for VSV(Δ51)-NIS (●) and VSV(Δ51)-GFP (ϒ) in 5TGM1 cells. Cells were infected with VSV(Δ51)-NIS (MOI = 1.0) for 30 minutes at 37°C, supernatants were harvested at various time points, and virus titers (TCID50/mL) were determined on Vero cells. (D) In vitro Na125I uptake in 5TGM1 or Vero cells infected with VSV(Δ51)-NIS, with or without KClO4. The data are presented as cpm per 105 cells. Experiments were performed in triplicate (mean ± SEM) and are representative of 3 independent experiments.

Apollina Goel, et al. Blood. 2007 October 1;110(7):2342-2350.
7.
Figure 4

Figure 4. From: Radioiodide imaging and radiovirotherapy of multiple myeloma using VSV(?51)-NIS, an attenuated vesicular stomatitis virus encoding the sodium iodide symporter gene.

Imaging, dosimetric, and oncolytic activity of VSV(Δ51)-NIS. (A) Representative planar images of VSV(Δ51)-NIS–infected, tumor-bearing mice obtained 3 hours after intraperitoneal injection of 123I 1 day after mock (PBS, intratumoral) or VSV(Δ51)-NIS injections (5 × 107 TCID50/dose, 2 doses given days −1 and 0). Radioisotope uptake is seen in the salivary glands, thyroid gland (Thy), and stomach (St), with excreted radioisotope visible in the bladder (Bd). No increased uptake is seen in the subcutaneous flank tumor of (i) control mouse, whereas increased intratumoral radioisotope uptake is demonstrated in mice treated (ii) intratumorally or (iii) intravenously with VSV(Δ51)-NIS. Arrows indicate tumor locations. The color bar (image intensity scale) demonstrates the range of uptake intensities, with 100% representing the strongest signal in the image. Planar images were acquired using a Gamma Medica X-SPECT imaging system (Gamma Medica, Northridge, CA). Images were analyzed and processed using PMOD Biomedical Image Quantification and Kinetic Modeling software version 2.75 (PMOD Technologies) and Adobe Photoshop version 7.0 (Adobe Systems, San Jose, CA). (B) Serial planar images of subcutaneous myeloma tumors were acquired on days 1 and 4 after administration of VSV(Δ51)-NIS and %ID taken up by the tumor was calculated (n = 4/group). (C) The growth of subcutaneous myeloma tumors was tested by measuring tumor volumes on days 1 and 4 (n = 4/group). Bars indicate SE.

Apollina Goel, et al. Blood. 2007 October 1;110(7):2342-2350.

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