Results: 4

1.
Fig. 4.

Fig. 4. From: Microdeletion of target sites for insulator protein CTCF in a chromosome 11p15 imprinting center in Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome and Wilms' tumor.

Schematic representation of the IC1 microdeletion effects on IGF2 expression. (Upper) The current enhancer insulation model (7). In the analyzed BWS/WT family (Lower), the microdeletion results in LOI of IGF2, although differential methylation is maintained.

Dirk Prawitt, et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005 March 15;102(11):4085-4090.
2.
Fig. 2.

Fig. 2. From: Microdeletion of target sites for insulator protein CTCF in a chromosome 11p15 imprinting center in Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome and Wilms' tumor.

Methylation status of IC1 in children III.1, III.2, III.3, and III.4. Allele-specific methylation was analyzed by bisulfite sequencing of IC1 fragments, including the core CTS in the B1 and B5/B1 repeats (boxed). Paternal and maternal clones, identified by four SNPs (CTAT and TAGG), are grouped. •, methylated CpGs; ○, transformed unmethylated CpGs. Allele-specific paternal methylation was detected for the complete B1, as well as the fused B5/B1 sequences, of all four DNA samples.

Dirk Prawitt, et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005 March 15;102(11):4085-4090.
3.
Fig. 1.

Fig. 1. From: Microdeletion of target sites for insulator protein CTCF in a chromosome 11p15 imprinting center in Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome and Wilms' tumor.

IC1 structure in the three-generation BWS family with WT. (A) Pedigree of a large three-generation family with three children affected by BWS and WT. *, Those individuals who inherited the same 11p15 maternal haplotype, along with the IC1 deletion described in this report. The proband (III.1) is indicated by an arrow. (B) Organization of the paternal and maternal IC1 region in members of the BWS/WT pedigree. The integral DMR status on the paternal haplotype of individuals III.1, III.2, III.3, III.4, and III.5 is shown, with B repeats represented by yellow boxes and A repeats denoted by gray boxes. The locations of the CTCF-binding sites are denoted by small orange hatches. The core CTS sequence is shown, with the blackened C or green T, denoting a paternal or maternal single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), respectively. Nucleotides specific for the B1 and B5 sequences are marked in red and blue, respectively. The microdeletion generates a chimeric CTS sequence derived from B1 and B5 repeats in the maternal haplotypes of III.1, III.2, III.4, and III.5. The heterozygous nature of the deletion in III.1 was verified by Southern blot analysis (Left).

Dirk Prawitt, et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005 March 15;102(11):4085-4090.
4.
Fig. 3.

Fig. 3. From: Microdeletion of target sites for insulator protein CTCF in a chromosome 11p15 imprinting center in Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome and Wilms' tumor.

Chromosome analysis, genomic quantitation of IC1 alleles, and quantitative RT-PCR analysis of allelic IGF2 expression. (A) Metaphase spreads of primary fibroblasts from an affected individual (III.1) and unaffected individual (III.4) were analyzed. High-resolution GTG banding revealed a prolonged 11p15 subtelomeric region (black arrow) on one chromosome 11 of the proband. (B) FISH analysis with a genomic probe for IGF2 shows two signals on one chromosome 11 of the proband (yellow arrow), indicating a duplication of distal 11p. (Inset) An enlarged view of 11p to illustrate the duplication (yellow arrow). (C) Quantitation of IGF2 gene dosage by using real-time PCR quantification. (D) Quantitative RT-PCR analysis, haplotype-specific expression, and promoter usage of the IGF2 gene. The relative IGF2 mRNA amounts are represented by horizontal bars, with colored segments denoting contribution of the parental haplotypes. As well, the relative contribution to IGF2 expression by the P3 or P4 promoters is indicated by darker and lighter shading, respectively. Allelic contribution to expression levels was determined by sequencing cloned transcripts of all individuals heterozygous for a SNP in IGF2 exon 9.

Dirk Prawitt, et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005 March 15;102(11):4085-4090.

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