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1.
Figure  4

Figure 4. From: Role of Replication and CpG Methylation in Fragile X Syndrome CGG Deletions in Primate Cells.

Replication efficiency. An aliquot of the starting mixture, composed of each pFX53 construct with unmethylated pSV40, was linearized with AlwNI. Primate-replicated DNA resulting from the cotransfection of this same starting mixture was also linearized with AlwNI, was further digested with DpnI to remove the unreplicated parental template, and was then probed with the SV40-ori fragment. Replication efficiency was calculated for each template in relation to pSV40 (as described in the “Material and Methods” section).

Kerrie Nichol Edamura, et al. Am J Hum Genet. 2005 February;76(2):302-311.
2.
Figure  3

Figure 3. From: Role of Replication and CpG Methylation in Fragile X Syndrome CGG Deletions in Primate Cells.

Length distributions of observed deletion events. All deletion events were sized and graphed as the number of events within each CGG size category. Unmethylated primate-replicated deletions (blackened bars) and CpG premethylated primate-replicated deletions (gray bars) are noted. Statistical analysis comparing the difference in distribution between the two groups was performed using t-test analysis, with P values noted when significant (P<.05).

Kerrie Nichol Edamura, et al. Am J Hum Genet. 2005 February;76(2):302-311.
3.
Figure  A1

Figure A1. From: Role of Replication and CpG Methylation in Fragile X Syndrome CGG Deletions in Primate Cells.

STRIP assay and replication of the pFX/SV40 templates (dark gray rings) by primate proteins within COS-1 cells. At 48 h posttransfection, the episomally replicated DNA was extracted and digested by DpnI to remove the unreplicated (dark gray rings) and partially replicated (dark gray rings with small light gray rings on top) templates. The DpnI-resistant primate-replicated templates (light gray rings) were transformed into E. coli, and individual colonies, each an individual product of primate replication, were cultured. The resulting DNA was restriction digested and analyzed on 4% polyacrylamide gels for CGG length changes.

Kerrie Nichol Edamura, et al. Am J Hum Genet. 2005 February;76(2):302-311.
4.
Figure  1

Figure 1. From: Role of Replication and CpG Methylation in Fragile X Syndrome CGG Deletions in Primate Cells.

Replication templates. A, Templates containing human FRAXA CGG repeats (20 or 53 repeats) (blackened box), with genomic nonrepeating sequences (gray boxes) flanking the repeat. The SV40-ori fragment encompassed the unique origin of bidirectional replication (OBR) (Hay and DePamphilis 1982) and was inserted at the BglI, EheI, NheI, or AflIII site. The location of the SV40-ori, relative to the repeat, defined the direction of replication, as well as which strand (CGG or CCG) would serve as the leading- or lagging-strand template. B, Diagram of templates. The distance to the repeat tract was measured from the SV40 OBR (circled) to the nucleotide preceding either the 5′ or the 3′ end of the CGG repeat.

Kerrie Nichol Edamura, et al. Am J Hum Genet. 2005 February;76(2):302-311.
5.
Figure  5

Figure 5. From: Role of Replication and CpG Methylation in Fragile X Syndrome CGG Deletions in Primate Cells.

Replication-fork progression, 2D gel electrophoresis. A, Schematic representation of predicted Y arcs, as well as expected position of a block (if resulting from the CGG repeat tract) with respect to the restriction digests used for analysis. B and C, Maps of CGG repeat (blackened box), FRAXA genomic flanking sequences (dark gray lines), SV40-ori (blackened arrows), and the restriction digests used for 2D gel analysis of pFX53E (B) and pFX53N (C). The black rectangle below the line denotes the Xmn I/AlwNI fragment used as a probe. D and F, Replication forks of pFX53E and pFX53N. E and G, Replication forks of CpG premethylated pFX53E and pFX53N.

Kerrie Nichol Edamura, et al. Am J Hum Genet. 2005 February;76(2):302-311.
6.
Figure  2

Figure 2. From: Role of Replication and CpG Methylation in Fragile X Syndrome CGG Deletions in Primate Cells.

Mutation analysis. As shown elsewhere (Cleary et al. 2002), bacterial preparations of the starting parental templates contained a distribution of repeat lengths that were classified into one of three categories: <53 repeats, 53 repeats, and >53 repeats (unblackened bars). After primate replication, the repeat-length distribution of the primate-replicated material for each template (unmethylated template [blackened bars] and CpG premethylated template [gray bars]) was similarly determined. The bar height (Y-axis) reflects the percentage of replication events within each length category. For each length category, the number of replication events observed within that length category, over the total number of replication events analyzed, is indicated inside the bar. After primate replication, templates with a statistically significant (P<.05) increase in the number of molecules with lengths <53 repeats were marked with an asterisk (*). All constructs were transfected a minimum of three times.

Kerrie Nichol Edamura, et al. Am J Hum Genet. 2005 February;76(2):302-311.

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