Display Settings:

Items per page
We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information

Results: 7

1.
FIG. 3.

FIG. 3. From: The Major Apoptotic Pathway Activated and Suppressed by Poliovirus.

Electrophoretic assay for DNA degradation upon productive (virus) and abortive (virus+gua) poliovirus infection of MCF-Cas3, MCF-Cas3cs, MCF-Cas3/MIV, and MCF-Cas-3/Cas9DN cells. Guanidine-HCl was added, when appropriate, 2 h after infection (virus+gua) or mock infection (mock+gua). To the sample analyzed in lanes 2 and 6, 100 μM zVAD.fmk (zVAD) was added at the onset of infection. The cells were harvested at 6 h p.i., except for the samples in lanes 5 and 6, where the cells were harvested at 8 h p.i. Lane M shows a PstI digest of λ phage DNA.

George A. Belov, et al. J Virol. 2003 January;77(1):45-56.
2.
FIG. 2.

FIG. 2. From: The Major Apoptotic Pathway Activated and Suppressed by Poliovirus.

Responses of MCF-Cas3 and MCF-Cas3cs cells to productive and abortive poliovirus infection. (A) Nuclear CPE in productively infected cells. Hoechst 33342 was added at 5.5 h p.i., and the cells were fixed at 6 h p.i. mock+gua, mock-infected cells with 100 μg of guanidine-HCl/ml added. (B) Percentages of TUNEL-positive infected cells at 6 h p.i. in the absence (virus) and presence (vir+gua) of 100 μg of guanidine-HCl/ml added at 2 h p.i. The data represent the averages of two experiments. (C) Development of apoptosis in MCF-Cas3 but not in MCF-Cas3cs cells upon abortive infection. Guanidine-HCl (100 μg/ml) was added to the virus-infected (virus+gua) and mock-infected (mock+gua) cells at 2 h p.i. Hoechst 33342 was added at 5.5 h p.i. The cells were fixed at 6 h p.i. and processed for the TUNEL assay. Qualitatively similar results were obtained when productive infection was interrupted by guanidine-HCl at 1.5 h p.i. (not shown).

George A. Belov, et al. J Virol. 2003 January;77(1):45-56.
3.
FIG. 4.

FIG. 4. From: The Major Apoptotic Pathway Activated and Suppressed by Poliovirus.

Responses of MCF-Cas3/MIV and MCF-Cas3/Cas9DN cells to productive and abortive poliovirus infections. (A) Nuclear CPE in productively infected cells. Hoechst 33342 was added at 7.5 h p.i., and the cells were fixed at 8 h p.i. mock+gua, mock-infected cells with 100 μg of guanidine-HCl/ml added. (B) Percentages of TUNEL-positive infected cells at 8 h p.i. in the absence (virus) and presence (vir+gua) of 100 μg of guanidine-HCl/ml added at 2 h p.i. The data represent the averages of two experiments. (C) Development of apoptosis in MCF-Cas3/MIV but not MCF-Cas3/Cas9DN cells. Guanidine-HCl (100 μg/ml) was added to the virus-infected (virus + gua) and mock-infected (mock+gua) cells at 2 h p.i. Hoechst 33342 was added at 7.5 h p.i. The cells were fixed at 8 h p.i. and processed for the TUNEL assay. Qualitatively similar results were obtained when productive infection was interrupted by guanidine-HCl at 1.5 h p.i. (not shown).

George A. Belov, et al. J Virol. 2003 January;77(1):45-56.
4.
FIG. 1.

FIG. 1. From: The Major Apoptotic Pathway Activated and Suppressed by Poliovirus.

General properties of MCF-7 cell derivatives. (A) Overexpression of relevant caspase species in the derived cell lines as revealed by Western blotting. Total cell lysates prepared from the respective cells were probed with polyclonal antibodies against procaspase-3 (lanes 1 to 5) and procaspase-9 (lanes 6 and 7). The caspase-3-specific bands, seen in the MCF-7 derivatives, correspond to the proenzyme fused to GFP. (B) Single-cycle growth curves of poliovirus in MCF-7, MCF-Cas3, MCF-Cas3cs, and MCF-Cas3/Cas9DN cells. The infection was carried out as described in Materials and Methods. The harvest was plaque titrated on RD cells.

George A. Belov, et al. J Virol. 2003 January;77(1):45-56.
5.
FIG. 5.

FIG. 5. From: The Major Apoptotic Pathway Activated and Suppressed by Poliovirus.

Cytochrome c efflux upon productive and abortive poliovirus infection. (A) Virus-infected and mock-infected HeLa cells were incubated for different time intervals in the absence (− gua) and presence (+ gua) of 100 μg of guanidine-HCl/ml (added at 1.5 h p.i.). (B) Productively infected and mock-infected HeLa, HeLa-Bcl2, and MCF-Cas3/Cas9DN cells were incubated for 6 h. Immunostaining for cytochrome c was performed as described in Materials and Methods. (C) Western blot analysis of the soluble cytoplasmic fraction (see Materials and Methods) from HeLa cells productively (vir) and abortively (vir-gua) infected as for panel A. A decrease in the content of cytochrome c in the 6-h sample (lane 3) compared to the 4-h sample (lane 2) could be explained by the lysis of a proportion of cells due to CPE caused by productive infection.

George A. Belov, et al. J Virol. 2003 January;77(1):45-56.
6.
FIG. 6.

FIG. 6. From: The Major Apoptotic Pathway Activated and Suppressed by Poliovirus.

Processing of Bid, procaspase-9, and procaspase-3 in virus-infected and uninfected HeLa cells. Productively infected cells (vir) were incubated for 2, 4, and 6 h p.i. (lanes 1 to 3). Infection in the sample in lane 4 was carried out in the presence of 100 μM zVAD.fmk (+ zVAD). In the samples in lanes 6 and 7, productive infection was interrupted by the addition of 100 μg of guanidine-HCl/ml (+ gua) at 1.5 and 3 h p.i., respectively, and the cells were harvested at 6 h p.i. In the sample in lane 5, uninfected cells were incubated in the presence of 100 μg of CHI/ml for 4 h. The sample in lane 8 represents mock-infected cells. Western blot analysis of a cellular extract was performed as described in Materials and Methods. The positions of normally and aberrantly processed caspase-9 are marked by the arrowhead and arrows, respectively. The positions of protein markers are also indicated.

George A. Belov, et al. J Virol. 2003 January;77(1):45-56.
7.
FIG. 7.

FIG. 7. From: The Major Apoptotic Pathway Activated and Suppressed by Poliovirus.

Schematic representation of the major poliovirus-triggered apoptotic pathway as characterized in the present study. Poliovirus infection results in mitochondrial damage and efflux of cytochrome c (cyt c) into the cytoplasm. Together with Apaf-1 and cytochrome c, procaspase-9 forms an apoptosome in a dATP-dependent reaction, followed by generation of active caspase-9. The latter cleaves procaspase-3, with generation of active caspase-3. This effector protease destroys various important substrates and activates other hydrolases, e.g., DNases, and eventually leads to apoptotic death. The apoptotic signal appears to be amplified through limited proteolysis of Bid by caspase-3. The truncated form of Bid (tBid), in cooperation with some proapoptotic factors, causes further mitochondrial damage. Concurrently, a viral antiapoptotic function promotes aberrant processing of procaspase-9, hindering its activation and resulting in the development of CPE. The step at which this aberrant processing occurs has yet to be defined.

George A. Belov, et al. J Virol. 2003 January;77(1):45-56.

Display Settings:

Items per page

Supplemental Content

Write to the Help Desk