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Neoplasm of the middle ear

MedGen UID:
452023
Concept ID:
CN117689
Finding
Synonyms: Neoplasia of the middle ear
 
HPO: HP:0100799

Definition

A tumor (abnormal growth of tissue) of the middle ear. [from HPO]

Term Hierarchy

CClinical test,  RResearch test,  OOMIM,  GGeneReviews,  VClinVar  
  • CROGVNeoplasm of the middle ear

Conditions with this feature

Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome
MedGen UID:
42458
Concept ID:
C0019562
Disease or Syndrome
Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) syndrome is characterized by hemangioblastomas of the brain, spinal cord, and retina; renal cysts and clear cell renal cell carcinoma; pheochromocytoma, pancreatic cysts, and neuroendocrine tumors; endolymphatic sac tumors; and epididymal and broad ligament cysts. Cerebellar hemangioblastomas may be associated with headache, vomiting, gait disturbances, or ataxia. Spinal hemangioblastomas and related syrinx usually present with pain. Sensory and motor loss may develop with cord compression. Retinal hemangioblastomas may be the initial manifestation of VHL syndrome and can cause vision loss. Renal cell carcinoma occurs in about 70% of individuals with VHL and is the leading cause of mortality. Pheochromocytomas can be asymptomatic but may cause sustained or episodic hypertension. Pancreatic lesions often remain asymptomatic and rarely cause endocrine or exocrine insufficiency. Endolymphatic sac tumors can cause hearing loss of varying severity, which can be a presenting symptom. Cystadenomas of the epididymis are relatively common. They rarely cause problems, unless bilateral, in which case they may result in infertility.

Recent clinical studies

Diagnosis

Artico M, De Vincentiis M, Ionta B, Bianchi E, Bosco S, Onteleone M, Fumagalli L, Magliulo G
Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol 2012 Jan-Mar;25(1):183-91. PMID: 22507331
Myer CM 3rd, MillerGW, Bixel CA
Arch Otolaryngol 1984 Apr;110(4):274-6. PMID: 6704047
Eden AR, Pincus RL, Parisier SC, Som PM
Laryngoscope 1984 Jan;94(1):63-7. PMID: 6690880

Prognosis

Artico M, De Vincentiis M, Ionta B, Bianchi E, Bosco S, Onteleone M, Fumagalli L, Magliulo G
Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol 2012 Jan-Mar;25(1):183-91. PMID: 22507331

Clinical prediction guides

Artico M, De Vincentiis M, Ionta B, Bianchi E, Bosco S, Onteleone M, Fumagalli L, Magliulo G
Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol 2012 Jan-Mar;25(1):183-91. PMID: 22507331

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