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Polycystic kidney disease, autosomal dominant(ADPKD)

MedGen UID:
Concept ID:
Disease or Syndrome
Synonyms: ADPKD

Disease characteristics

Excerpted from the GeneReview: Polycystic Kidney Disease, Autosomal Dominant
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is generally a late-onset multisystem disorder characterized by: bilateral renal cysts; cysts in other organs including the liver, seminal vesicles, pancreas, and arachnoid membrane; vascular abnormalities including intracranial aneurysms, dilatation of the aortic root, and dissection of the thoracic aorta; mitral valve prolapse; and abdominal wall hernias. Renal manifestations include hypertension, renal pain, and renal insufficiency. Approximately 50% of individuals with ADPKD have end-stage renal disease (ESRD) by age 60 years. The prevalence of liver cysts, the most common extrarenal manifestation of ADPKD, increases with age and may have been underestimated by ultrasound studies. The prevalence of intracranial aneurysms is higher in those with a positive family history of aneurysms or subarachnoid hemorrhage (22%) than in those without such a family history (6%). Mitral valve prolapse, the most common valvular abnormality, occurs in up to 25% of affected individuals. Substantial variability in severity of renal disease and other extrarenal manifestations occurs even within the same family. [from GeneReviews]
Peter C Harris  |  Vicente E Torres   view full author information

Term Hierarchy

CClinical test,  RResearch test,  OOMIM,  GGeneReviews,  VClinVar  

Professional guidelines


Meschia JF, Bushnell C, Boden-Albala B, Braun LT, Bravata DM, Chaturvedi S, Creager MA, Eckel RH, Elkind MS, Fornage M, Goldstein LB, Greenberg SM, Horvath SE, Iadecola C, Jauch EC, Moore WS, Wilson JA; American Heart Association Stroke Council; Council on Cardiovascular and Stroke Nursing; Council on Clinical Cardiology; Council on Functional Genomics and Translational Biology; Council on Hypertension
Stroke 2014 Dec;45(12):3754-832. Epub 2014 Oct 28 doi: 10.1161/STR.0000000000000046. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25355838
Ars E, Bernis C, Fraga G, Martínez V, Martins J, Ortiz A, Rodríguez-Pérez JC, Sans L, Torra R; Spanish Working Group on Inherited Kidney Disease
Nephrol Dial Transplant 2014 Sep;29 Suppl 4:iv95-105. doi: 10.1093/ndt/gfu186. PMID: 25165191

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