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Results: 19

1.

Leishmaniasis

Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease spread by the bite of infected sand flies. There are several different forms of leishmaniasis. The most common are cutaneous and visceral. The cutaneous type causes skin sores. The visceral type affects internal organs such as the spleen, liver, and bone marrow. People with this form usually have fever, weight loss, and an enlarged spleen and liver. . Leishmaniasis is found in parts of about 88 countries. Most of these countries are in the tropics and subtropics. It is possible but very unlikely that you would get this disease in the United States. But you should be aware of it if you are traveling to the Middle East or parts of Central America, South America, Asia, Africa or southern Europe. . Treatment is with medicines that contain antimony, a type of metal, or with strong antibiotics. The best way to prevent the disease is to protect yourself from sand fly bites:: -Stay indoors from dusk to dawn, when sand flies are the most active. -Wear long pants and long-sleeved shirts when outside. -Use insect repellent and bed nets as needed. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
9714
Concept ID:
C0023281
Disease or Syndrome
2.

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ID:
449836

3.

Leishmaniasis

MedGen UID:
370034
Concept ID:
C1969520
Finding
4.

Localized

Restricted to the site of origin, without evidence of spread. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
98236
Concept ID:
C0392752
5.

Cutaneous leishmaniasis

An endemic disease that is characterized by the development of single or multiple localized lesions on exposed areas of skin that typically ulcerate. The disease has been divided into Old and New World forms. Old World leishmaniasis is separated into three distinct types according to epidemiology and clinical manifestations and is caused by species of the L. tropica and L. aethiopica complexes as well as by species of the L. major genus. New World leishmaniasis, also called American leishmaniasis, occurs in South and Central America and is caused by species of the L. mexicana or L. braziliensis complexes. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
9715
Concept ID:
C0023283
Disease or Syndrome
6.

Necrosis

A permanent cessation of all vital functions of a tissue. [GOC:dph] [from GO]

MedGen UID:
10199
Concept ID:
C0027540
Pathologic Function
7.

Unfavorable Clinical Outcome

MedGen UID:
276925
Concept ID:
C1519790
Finding
8.

Human interferons have been classified into 3 groups: alpha, beta, and gamma. Both alpha- and beta-IFNs, previously designated type I, are acid-stable, but they differ immunologically and in regard to some biologic and physiochemical properties. The IFNs produced by virus-stimulated leukocytes (leukocyte IFNs) are predominantly of the alpha type. Those produced by lymphoblastoid cells are about 90% alpha and 10% beta. Induced fibroblasts produce mainly or exclusively the beta type. The alpha- and beta-IFNs differ widely in amino acid sequence. The gamma or immune IFNs, which are produced by T lymphocytes in response to mitogens or to antigens to which they are sensitized, are acid-labile and serologically distinct from alpha- and beta-IFNs. (from OMIM 147570) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
196514
Concept ID:
C0733470
9.

Tumor necrosis

The lysis (breakdown) of cancer cells. This can be caused by chemical or physical means (for example, strong detergents or high-energy sound waves) or by infection with a strain of virus that can lyse cells. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
90709
Concept ID:
C0333516
Neoplastic Process
10.

Interferon

Proteins secreted by vertebrate cells in response to a wide variety of inducers. They confer resistance against many different viruses, inhibit proliferation of normal and malignant cells, impede multiplication of intracellular parasites, enhance macrophage and granulocyte phagocytosis, augment natural killer cell activity, and show several other immunomodulatory functions. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
5847
Concept ID:
C0021747
Pharmacologic Substance
11.

Euglenozoa Infections

Infections with the protozoa of the phylum EUGLENOZOA. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
404001
Concept ID:
C2717956
Disease or Syndrome
12.

Skin and Connective Tissue Diseases

A collective term for diseases of the skin and its appendages and of connective tissue. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
59786
Concept ID:
C0175166
Disease or Syndrome
13.

Infection of skin

Skin diseases caused by bacteria, fungi, parasites, or viruses. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
52365
Concept ID:
C0037278
Disease or Syndrome
14.

Disease caused by parasite

Parasites are living things that use other living things - like your body - for food and a place to live. You can get them from contaminated food or water, a bug bite, or sexual contact. Parasitic diseases can cause mild discomfort or be deadly. Parasites range in size from tiny, one-celled organisms called protozoa to worms that can be seen with the naked eye. Some parasitic diseases happen in the United States. Contaminated water supplies can lead to Giardia infections. Cats can transmit toxoplasmosis, which is dangerous for pregnant women. Others, like malaria, are common in other parts of the world. . If you are traveling, it's important to drink only water you know is safe. Prevention is especially important. There are no vaccines for parasitic diseases. Some medicines are available to treat parasitic infections.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
45325
Concept ID:
C0030499
Disease or Syndrome
15.

Parasitic infection of skin

Skin diseases caused by ARTHROPODS; HELMINTHS; or other parasites. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
20780
Concept ID:
C0037280
Disease or Syndrome
16.

Disorder of skin

Any deviation from the normal structure or function of the skin or subcutaneous tissue that is manifested by a characteristic set of symptoms and signs.(NCI) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
20777
Concept ID:
C0037274
Disease or Syndrome
17.

Protozoan infection

Infections with unicellular organisms formerly members of the subkingdom Protozoa. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
19532
Concept ID:
C0033740
Disease or Syndrome
18.

Interferon Type II

The major interferon produced by mitogenically or antigenically stimulated LYMPHOCYTES. It is structurally different from TYPE I INTERFERON and its major activity is immunoregulation. It has been implicated in the expression of CLASS II HISTOCOMPATIBILITY ANTIGENS in cells that do not normally produce them, leading to AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
5846
Concept ID:
C0021745
Pharmacologic Substance
19.

Infection by Histomonas

MedGen UID:
5574
Concept ID:
C0019640
Disease or Syndrome

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