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Results: 1 to 20 of 49

1.

Mental Depression

Depression is a serious medical illness that involves the brain. It's more than just a feeling of being "down in the dumps" or "blue" for a few days. If you are one of the more than 20 million people in the United States who have depression, the feelings do not go away. They persist and interfere with your everyday life. Symptoms can include : -Sadness. -Loss of interest or pleasure in activities you used to enjoy. -Change in weight. -Difficulty sleeping or oversleeping. -Energy loss. -Feelings of worthlessness. -Thoughts of death or suicide. Depression is a disorder of the brain. There are a variety of causes, including genetic, environmental, psychological, and biochemical factors. Depression usually starts between the ages of 15 and 30, and is much more common in women. Women can also get postpartum depression after the birth of a baby. Some people get seasonal affective disorder in the winter. Depression is one part of bipolar disorder. There are effective treatments for depression, including antidepressants and talk therapy. Most people do best by using both. . NIH: National Institute of Mental Health.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
8325
Concept ID:
C0011570
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
2.

Depression

MedGen UID:
807334
Concept ID:
CN218434
Finding
3.

Benign Rolandic epilepsy

Benign epilepsy of childhood with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS) or sharp waves, also known as rolandic epilepsy, is the most common idiopathic childhood epilepsy syndrome (Neubauer et al., 1998). It is termed 'rolandic' epilepsy because of the characteristic features of partial seizures involving the region around the lower portion of the central gyrus of Rolando. This results in classic focal seizures that affect the vocal tract, beginning with guttural sounds at the larynx and sensorimotor symptoms that progress to the tongue, mouth, and face, resulting in hypersalivation and speech arrest. Seizures most often occur in sleep shortly before awakening. The disorder occurs more often in boys than in girls (3:2). Rolandic epilepsy is considered a neurodevelopmental disorder, affecting 0.2% of the population. Affected individuals may have learning disabilities or behavioral problems; however, the seizures and accompanying problems usually remit during adolescence (summary by Strug et al., 2009). See also focal epilepsy and speech disorder (FESD; 245570), which is caused by mutation in the GRIN2A gene (138253) on chromosome 16p13. Some patients with GRIN2A mutations show features consistent with a clinical diagnosis of BECTS. [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
432274
Concept ID:
C2363129
Disease or Syndrome
4.

Depression

MedGen UID:
137999
Concept ID:
C0344315
Finding
5.

Huntington's chorea

Huntington disease (HD) is a progressive disorder of motor, cognitive, and psychiatric disturbances. The mean age of onset is 35 to 44 years and the median survival time is 15 to 18 years after onset. [from GeneReviews]

MedGen UID:
5654
Concept ID:
C0020179
Disease or Syndrome
6.

Delirium

Delirium is a condition that features rapidly changing mental states. It causes confusion and changes in behavior. Besides falling in and out of consciousness, there may be problems with: -Attention and awareness. -Thinking and memory. -Emotion. -Muscle control. -Sleeping and waking. Causes of delirium include medications, poisoning, serious illnesses or infections, and severe pain. It can also be part of some mental illnesses or dementia. Delirium and dementia have similar symptoms, so it can be hard to tell them apart. They can also occur together. Delirium starts suddenly and can cause hallucinations. The symptoms may get better or worse, and can last for hours or weeks. On the other hand, dementia develops slowly and does not cause hallucinations. The symptoms are stable, and may last for months or years. . Delirium tremens is a serious type of alcohol withdrawal syndrome. It usually happens to people who stop drinking after years of alcohol abuse. People with delirium often, though not always, make a full recovery after their underlying illness is treated.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
41445
Concept ID:
C0011206
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
7.

Indifference

Lack of emotion or emotional expression; a disorder of motivation that persists over time. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
39083
Concept ID:
C0085632
Sign or Symptom
8.

Delusions

A false belief regarding the self or persons or objects outside the self that persists despite the facts, and is not considered tenable by one's associates. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
3715
Concept ID:
C0011253
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
9.

Bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder is a serious mental illness. People who have it go through unusual mood changes. They go from very happy, up, and active to very sad and hopeless, down, and inactive, and then back again. They often have normal moods in between. The up feeling is called mania. The down feeling is depression. The causes of bipolar disorder aren't always clear. It runs in families. Abnormal brain structure and function may also play a role. Bipolar disorder often starts in a person's late teen or early adult years. But children and adults can have bipolar disorder too. The illness usually lasts a lifetime. If you think you may have it, tell your health care provider. A medical checkup can rule out other illnesses that might cause your mood changes. If not treated, bipolar disorder can lead to damaged relationships, poor job or school performance, and even suicide. However, there are effective treatments to control symptoms: medicine and talk therapy. A combination usually works best. NIH: National Institute of Mental Health.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
2649
Concept ID:
C0005586
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
10.

Apathy

MedGen UID:
612589
Concept ID:
C0436596
Finding
11.

Abnormality of movement

An abnormality of movement with a neurological basis characterized by changes in coordination and speed of voluntary movements. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
506445
Concept ID:
CN116921
Finding
12.

Delusions

A belief that is pathological and is held despite evidence to the contrary. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
504582
Concept ID:
CN000702
Finding
13.

Bipolar affective disorder

MedGen UID:
429095
Concept ID:
CN006388
Finding
14.

Major affective disorder 1

MedGen UID:
377615
Concept ID:
C1852197
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
15.

Movement disorder

Imagine if parts of your body moved when you didn't want them to. If you have a movement disorder, you experience these kinds of impaired movement. Dyskinesia is abnormal uncontrolled movement and is a common symptom of many movement disorders. Tremors are a type of dyskinesia. . Nerve diseases cause many movement disorders, such as Parkinson's disease. Other causes include injuries, autoimmune diseases, infections and certain medicines. Many movement disorders are inherited, which means they run in families. Treatment varies by disorder. Medicine can cure some disorders. Others get better when an underlying disease is treated. Often, however, there is no cure. In that case, the goal of treatment is to improve symptoms and relieve pain.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
10113
Concept ID:
C0026650
Disease or Syndrome
16.

Irritability

Abnormal or excessive excitability with easily triggered anger, annoyance, or impatience. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
5898
Concept ID:
C0022107
Finding
17.

Dyskinesias, Paroxysmal

MedGen UID:
156242
Concept ID:
C0752210
Disease or Syndrome
18.

Heredodegenerative Disorders, Nervous System

Inherited disorders characterized by progressive atrophy and dysfunction of anatomically or physiologically related neurologic systems. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
155945
Concept ID:
C0751870
Disease or Syndrome
19.

Ballism

MedGen UID:
148467
Concept ID:
C0752196
Disease or Syndrome
20.

Diagnosis, Psychiatric

MedGen UID:
138165
Concept ID:
C0376338
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction

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