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Items: 11

1.

Atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis is a disease in which plaque builds up inside your arteries. Plaque is a sticky substance made up of fat, cholesterol, calcium, and other substances found in the blood. Over time, plaque hardens and narrows your arteries. That limits the flow of oxygen-rich blood to your body. Atherosclerosis can lead to serious problems, including. -Coronary artery disease. These arteries supply blood to your heart. When they are blocked, you can suffer angina or a heart attack. -Carotid artery disease. These arteries supply blood to your brain. When they are blocked you can suffer a stroke. -Peripheral arterial disease. These arteries are in your arms, legs and pelvis. When they are blocked, you can suffer from numbness, pain and sometimes infections. Atherosclerosis usually doesn't cause symptoms until it severely narrows or totally blocks an artery. Many people don't know they have it until they have a medical emergency. A physical exam, imaging, and other diagnostic tests can tell if you have it. Medicines can slow the progress of plaque buildup. Your doctor may also recommend procedures such as angioplasty to open the arteries, or surgery on the coronary or carotid arteries. Lifestyle changes can also help. These include following a healthy diet, getting regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, quitting smoking, and managing stress. . NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
13948
Concept ID:
C0004153
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Atherosclerosis

A condition characterized by patchy atheromas or atherosclerotic plaques which develop in the walls of medium-sized and large arteries and can lead to arterial stenosis with reduced or blocked blood flow. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
505298
Concept ID:
CN002382
Finding
3.

Atherogenic lipoprotein phenotype

The atherogenic lipoprotein phenotype (ALP) is a common heritable trait characterized by a preponderance of small, dense low density lipoprotein (LDL) particles (subclass pattern B), increased levels of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins, reduction in high density lipoprotein, and a 3-fold increased risk of myocardial infarction (summary by Nishina et al., 1992). The so-called atherogenic lipoprotein phenotype was shown by Austin et al. (1988) to be independently associated with an increased risk for coronary artery disease. Allayee et al. (1998) concluded, furthermore, that there is a genetically based association between familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL; 144250) and small, dense LDL particles and that the genetic determinants for LDL particle size are shared, at least in part, among FCHL families and the more general population at risk for coronary artery disease. Juo et al. (1998) concluded from a bivariate segregation analysis of small, dense LDL particles and elevated apolipoprotein B levels (APOB; 107730), which are commonly found together in members of FCHL families, that the 2 traits share a common major gene plus individual polygenic components. The common major gene was estimated to explain 37% of the variance of adjusted LDL particle size and 23% of the variance of adjusted apoB levels. [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
283903
Concept ID:
C1531719
Finding
4.

Diamond-Blackfan anemia 1

MedGen UID:
390966
Concept ID:
C2676137
Congenital Abnormality; Disease or Syndrome
5.

Diamond-Blackfan anemia

Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) in its classic form is characterized by a profound normochromic and usually macrocytic anemia with normal leukocytes and platelets, congenital malformations in up to 50% of affected individuals, and growth retardation in 30% of affected individuals. The hematologic complications occur in 90% of affected individuals during the first year of life. The phenotypic spectrum ranges from a mild form (e.g., mild anemia, no anemia with only subtle erythroid abnormalities, physical malformations without anemia) to a severe form of fetal anemia resulting in nonimmune hydrops fetalis. DBA is associated with an increased risk for acute myelogenous leukemia (AML), myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), and solid tumors including osteogenic sarcoma. [from GeneReviews]

MedGen UID:
266045
Concept ID:
C1260899
Congenital Abnormality; Disease or Syndrome
6.

Genetic predisposition

A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
137259
Concept ID:
C0314657
Organism Attribute
7.

Vascular disorder

The vascular system is the body's network of blood vessels. It includes the arteries, veins and capillaries that carry blood to and from the heart. Problems of the vascular system are common and can be serious. Arteries can become thick and stiff, a problem called atherosclerosis. Blood clots can clog vessels and block blood flow to the heart or brain. Weakened blood vessels can burst, causing bleeding inside the body. . You are more likely to have vascular disease as you get older. Other factors that make vascular disease more likely include. - Family history of vascular or heart diseases. - Pregnancy. - Illness or injury . - Long periods of sitting or standing still. - Any condition that affects the heart and blood vessels, such as diabetes or high cholesterol . - Smoking . - Obesity . Losing weight, eating healthy foods, being active and not smoking can help vascular disease. Other treatments include medicines and surgery.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
22621
Concept ID:
C0042373
Disease or Syndrome
8.

Peripheral artery occlusive disease

A narrowing of the peripheral arteries (i.e., of arteries other than thos that supply the heart and the brain). [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
13913
Concept ID:
C0003838
Disease or Syndrome
9.

Disorder of cardiovascular system

Any abnormality of the cardiovascular system. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
2848
Concept ID:
C0007222
Disease or Syndrome
10.

Arteriosclerosis

Sclerosis (hardening) of the arteries with increased thickness of the wall of arteries as well as increased stiffness and a loss of elasticity. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
2076
Concept ID:
C0003850
Disease or Syndrome
11.

Atherosclerosis, susceptibility to

MedGen UID:
377035
Concept ID:
C1851473
Finding
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