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Results: 4

1.

Rickets

Rickets causes soft, weak bones in children. It usually occurs when they do not get enough vitamin D, which helps growing bones absorb important nutrients. Vitamin D comes from sunlight and food. Your skin produces vitamin D in response to the sun's rays. Some foods also contain vitamin D, including fortified dairy products and cereals, and some kinds of fish. Your child might not get enough vitamin D if he or she: - Has dark skin. - Spends too little time outside. - Has on sunscreen all the time when out of doors. - Doesn't eat foods containing vitamin D because of lactose intolerance or a strict vegetarian diet. - Is breastfed without receiving vitamin D supplements. - Can't make or use vitamin D because of a medical disorder such as celiac disease. In addition to dietary rickets, children can get an inherited form of the disease.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
48470
Concept ID:
C0035579
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D helps your body absorb calcium, which your bones need to grow. A lack of vitamin D can lead to bone diseases such as osteoporosis or rickets. Vitamin D also has a role in your nerve, muscle, and immune systems. You can get vitamin D in three ways: through your skin, from your diet, and from supplements. Your body forms Vitamin D naturally after exposure to sunlight. However, too much sun exposure can lead to skin aging and skin cancer. So many people try to get their vitamin D from other sources. Vitamin D-rich foods include egg yolks, saltwater fish, and liver. Some other foods, like milk and cereal, often have added vitamin D. . You can also take vitamin D supplements. Check with your health care provider to see how much you should take. People who might need extra vitamin D include: -Seniors. -Breastfed infants. -People with dark skin. -People with certain conditions, such as liver diseases, cystic fibrosis and Crohn's disease. -People who are obese or have had gastric bypass surgery. NIH: National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
22670
Concept ID:
C0042866
Pharmacologic Substance
3.

Rickets

MedGen UID:
505342
Concept ID:
CN002493
Finding
4.

Vitamins

Vitamins are substances that your body needs to grow and develop normally. There are 13 vitamins your body needs. They are vitamins A, C, D, E, K and the B vitamins (thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic acid, biotin, vitamin B-6, vitamin B-12 and folate). You can usually get all your vitamins from the foods you eat. Your body can also make vitamins D and K. People who eat a vegetarian diet may need to take a vitamin B12 supplement. . Each vitamin has specific jobs. If you have low levels of certain vitamins, you may develop a deficiency disease. For example, if you don't get enough vitamin D, you could develop rickets. Some vitamins may help prevent medical problems. Vitamin A prevents night blindness. The best way to get enough vitamins is to eat a balanced diet with a variety of foods. In some cases, you may need to take a daily multivitamin for optimal health. However, high doses of some vitamins can make you sick.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
12117
Concept ID:
C0042890
Pharmacologic Substance

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