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Items: 4

1.

Stroke

A stroke is a medical emergency. Strokes happen when blood flow to your brain stops. Within minutes, brain cells begin to die. There are two kinds of stroke. The more common kind, called ischemic stroke, is caused by a blood clot that blocks or plugs a blood vessel in the brain. The other kind, called hemorrhagic stroke, is caused by a blood vessel that breaks and bleeds into the brain. Mini-strokes or transient ischemic attacks (TIAs), occur when the blood supply to the brain is briefly interrupted. Symptoms of stroke are . -Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg (especially on one side of the body). -Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding speech. -Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes. -Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination. -Sudden severe headache with no known cause. If you have any of these symptoms, you must get to a hospital quickly to begin treatment. Acute stroke therapies try to stop a stroke while it is happening by quickly dissolving the blood clot or by stopping the bleeding. Post-stroke rehabilitation helps individuals overcome disabilities that result from stroke damage. Drug therapy with blood thinners is the most common treatment for stroke. . NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
52522
Concept ID:
C0038454
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Atrial fibrillation

An arrhythmia is a problem with the speed or rhythm of the heartbeat. Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common type of arrhythmia. The cause is a disorder in the heart's electrical system. . Often, people who have AF may not even feel symptoms. But you may feel . -Palpitations -- an abnormal rapid heartbeat. -Shortness of breath. -Weakness or difficulty exercising. -Chest pain. -Dizziness or fainting. -Fatigue. -Confusion. AF can lead to an increased risk of stroke. In many patients, it can also cause chest pain, heart attack, or heart failure. . Doctors diagnose AF using family and medical history, a physical exam, and a test called an electrocardiogram (EKG), which looks at the electrical waves your heart makes. Treatments include medicines and procedures to restore normal rhythm. . NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
445
Concept ID:
C0004238
Disease or Syndrome; Finding
3.

Atrial fibrillation

MedGen UID:
368090
Concept ID:
C1963067
Finding; Pathologic Function
4.

Stroke

MedGen UID:
340407
Concept ID:
C1849743
Finding
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