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Results: 17

1.

Antioxidants

Antioxidants are substances that may protect your cells against the effects of free radicals. Free radicals are molecules produced when your body breaks down food, or by environmental exposures like tobacco smoke and radiation. Free radicals can damage cells, and may play a role in heart disease, cancer and other diseases. . Antioxidant substances include : - Beta-carotene . - Lutein . - Lycopene. - Selenium. - Vitamin A. - Vitamin C. - Vitamin E. Antioxidants are found in many foods. These include fruits and vegetables, nuts, grains, and some meats, poultry and fish. .  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
1608
Concept ID:
C0003402
Pharmacologic Substance
2.

Mutagenesis Process

Process of generating a genetic MUTATION. It may occur spontaneously or be induced by MUTAGENS. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
86969
Concept ID:
C0079866
Molecular Function
3.

Superoxide dismutase

a name of an enzyme [from CHV]

MedGen UID:
52578
Concept ID:
C0038838
Pharmacologic Substance
4.

Oxygen

An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
45267
Concept ID:
C0030054
Pharmacologic Substance
5.

Hydrogen Peroxide

A strong oxidizing agent used in aqueous solution as a ripening agent, bleach, and topical anti-infective. It is relatively unstable and solutions deteriorate over time unless stabilized by the addition of acetanilide or similar organic materials. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
9340
Concept ID:
C0020281
Pharmacologic Substance
6.

Segmental odontomaxillary dysplasia

MedGen UID:
831493
Concept ID:
CN227562
Finding
7.

Mutant

An altered form of an individual, organism, population, or genetic character that differs from the corresponding wild type due to one or more alterations (mutations). [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
109303
Concept ID:
C0596988
Cell or Molecular Dysfunction
8.

Septo-optic dysplasia sequence

Septooptic dysplasia is a clinically heterogeneous disorder loosely defined by any combination of optic nerve hypoplasia, pituitary gland hypoplasia, and midline abnormalities of the brain, including absence of the corpus callosum and septum pellucidum (Dattani et al., 1998). The diagnosis of this rare congenital anomaly is made when 2 or more features of the classic triad are present. Approximately 30% of patients have complete manifestations, 62% display hypopituitarism, and 60% have an absent septum pellucidum. The disorder is equally prevalent in males and females and is more common in infants born to younger mothers, with a reported incidence of 1 in 10,000 live births (summary by Webb and Dattani, 2010). Also see 516020.0012 for a form of septooptic dysplasia associated with cardiomyopathy and exercise intolerance. [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
90926
Concept ID:
C0338503
Congenital Abnormality
9.

Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

Pharmacological activities at the molecular level of DRUGS and other exogenous compounds that are used to treat DISEASES and affect normal BIOCHEMISTRY. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
226255
Concept ID:
C1258062
Molecular Function
10.

Superoxol

MedGen UID:
195886
Concept ID:
C0699404
Pharmacologic Substance
11.

Plant Preparations

Material prepared from plants. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
183699
Concept ID:
C0949854
Pharmacologic Substance
12.

Oxydol

MedGen UID:
181798
Concept ID:
C0949336
Pharmacologic Substance
13.

Perhydrol

MedGen UID:
148496
Concept ID:
C0699403
Pharmacologic Substance
14.

Protective Agents

A class of agents used in prophylactic or curative therapy to attenuate the negative side effects of toxins or drugs. Protective agents belong to various chemical classes, acting through various pharmacological mechanisms. They may neutralize exogenous poisons, coat mucosa for protection against physical or chemical damage, offer antioxidant protection against free radicals or ionizing radiation, or induce endogenous detoxifying enzymes. (NCI04) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
19516
Concept ID:
C0033613
Pharmacologic Substance
15.

Pharmaceutical Preparations

You may need to take medicines every day, or only once in a while. Either way, you want to make sure that the medicines are safe and will help you get better. In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration is in charge of assuring the safety and effectiveness of both prescription and over-the-counter medicines. Even safe drugs can cause unwanted side effects or interactions with food or other medicines you may be taking. They may not be safe during pregnancy. To reduce the risk of reactions and make sure that you get better, it is important for you to take your medicines correctly and be careful when giving medicines to children.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
8496
Concept ID:
C0013227
Pharmacologic Substance
16.

Electrolyte

substance that while in solution or its pure state will conduct an electric current by means of the movement of ions; in physiology, usually refers to compounds such as sodium, potassium, magnesium and calcium which dissociate fluids into ions that conduct electric currents and that constitute the major force in controlling fluid balance within the body. [from CRISP]

MedGen UID:
3997
Concept ID:
C0013832
Pharmacologic Substance
17.

Biological Products

Complex pharmaceutical substances, preparations, or agents of organic origin, usually obtained by biological methods or assay. They are used especially in diagnosis and treatment of disease (as vaccines or pollen extracts). Biological products are differentiated from BIOLOGICAL FACTORS in that the latter are compounds with biological or physiological activity made by living organisms. (From Webster's 3d ed) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
577
Concept ID:
C0005522
Pharmacologic Substance

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