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Results: 1 to 20 of 30

1.

Course of illness

Stages or progression of physical or mental disorders. Compare PROGNOSIS. [from PSY]

MedGen UID:
116631
Concept ID:
C0242656
Pathologic Function
2.

Disease

Any abnormal condition of the body or mind that causes discomfort, dysfunction, or distress to the person affected or those in contact with the person. The term is often used broadly to include injuries, disabilities, syndromes, symptoms, deviant behaviors, and atypical variations of structure and function. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
4347
Concept ID:
C0012634
Disease or Syndrome
3.

disease

MedGen UID:
798428
Concept ID:
CN204926
Disease or Syndrome
4.

Chronic

A disease or condition that persists or progresses over a long period of time. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
104657
Concept ID:
C0205191
5.

Wasting disease

A condition of involuntary weight loss of greater then 10% of baseline body weight. It is characterized by atrophy of muscles and depletion of lean body mass. Wasting is a sign of MALNUTRITION as a result of inadequate dietary intake, malabsorption, or hypermetabolism. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
22696
Concept ID:
C0043046
Disease or Syndrome
6.

Coffin-Lowry syndrome

Coffin-Lowry syndrome (CLS) is usually characterized by severe-to-profound intellectual disability in males; less severely impaired individuals have been reported. Intellect ranges from normal to profoundly impaired in heterozygous females. The facial appearance is characteristic in the affected, older male child or adult. The hands are short, soft, and fleshy, often with remarkably hyperextensible fingers that taper from wide (proximally) to narrow with small terminal phalanges and nails. Males are consistently below the third centile in height. Microcephaly is common. Cardiac abnormalities may be present and can contribute to premature death. Stimulus-induced drop attacks (SIDAs) in which unexpected tactile or auditory stimuli or excitement triggers a brief collapse but no loss of consciousness are present in approximately 20% of affected individuals. Typically SIDAs begin between mid-childhood and the teens. Progressive kyphoscoliosis is one of the most difficult aspects of long-term care. Life span may be reduced. [from GeneReviews]

MedGen UID:
75556
Concept ID:
C0265252
Congenital Abnormality
7.

Wasting Disease, Chronic

A transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (prion disease) of DEER and elk characterized by chronic weight loss leading to death. It is thought to spread by direct contact between animals or through environmental contamination with the prion protein (PRIONS). [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
211688
Concept ID:
C1135993
Disease or Syndrome
8.

Senility

MedGen UID:
115903
Concept ID:
C0231337
Finding
9.

Neurodegeneration

A disorder of the central nervous system characterized by gradual and progressive loss of neural tissue and neurologic function. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
101195
Concept ID:
C0524851
Disease or Syndrome
10.

Genetic prion diseases

Genetic prion diseases generally manifest with cognitive difficulties, ataxia, and myoclonus (abrupt jerking movements of muscle groups and/or entire limbs). The order of appearance and/or predominance of these features and other associated neurologic and psychiatric findings vary. Familial Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (fCJD), Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker (GSS) syndrome, and fatal familial insomnia (FFI) represent the core phenotypes of genetic prion disease. Note: A fourth clinical phenotype, known as Huntington disease like-1 (HDL-1) has been proposed, but this is based on a single report, and the underlying pathologic features would categorize it as GSS. Although it is clear that these four subtypes display overlapping clinical and pathologic features, recognition of these phenotypes can be useful when providing affected individuals and their families with information about the expected clinical course. The age at onset ranges from the third to ninth decade of life. The course ranges from a few months to several years (typically 5-7 years; in rare instances, >10 years). [from GeneReviews]

MedGen UID:
56445
Concept ID:
C0162534
Disease or Syndrome
11.

Disorder of nervous system

A non-neoplastic or neoplastic disorder that affects the brain, spinal cord, or peripheral nerves. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
14336
Concept ID:
C0027765
Disease or Syndrome
12.

Female

A person who belongs to the sex that normally produces ova. The term is used to indicate biological sex distinctions, or cultural gender role distinctions, or both. (NCI) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
8807
Concept ID:
C0015780
Finding
13.

Diagnosis

The process of identifying a disease, such as cancer, from its signs and symptoms. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
8354
Concept ID:
C0011900
Finding
14.

Animal Diseases

MedGen UID:
8091
Concept ID:
C0003047
Disease or Syndrome
15.

Male gender

A person who belongs to the sex that normally produces sperm. The term is used to indicate biological sex distinctions, cultural gender role distinctions, or both. (NCI) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
7446
Concept ID:
C0024554
Finding
16.

Morphological abnormality of the central nervous system

Diseases of any component of the brain (including the cerebral hemispheres, diencephalon, brain stem, and cerebellum) or the spinal cord. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
3306
Concept ID:
C0007682
Disease or Syndrome
17.

CNS infection

Pathogenic infections of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges. DNA VIRUS INFECTIONS; RNA VIRUS INFECTIONS; BACTERIAL INFECTIONS; MYCOPLASMA INFECTIONS; SPIROCHAETALES INFECTIONS; fungal infections; PROTOZOAN INFECTIONS; HELMINTHIASIS; and PRION DISEASES may involve the central nervous system as a primary or secondary process. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
2948
Concept ID:
C0007684
Disease or Syndrome
18.

Aging

Progressive damage to mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) during life is thought to contribute to aging processes. This notion is supported by the observation of an aging-related accumulation in human mtDNA of oxidative and alkylation derivatives of nucleotides, of small deletions and insertions, and of large deletions, although their low frequency raises questions about their functional significance (Michikawa et al., 1999). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
1376
Concept ID:
C0001811
19.

Human Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies, Inherited

MedGen UID:
148359
Concept ID:
C0751645
Disease or Syndrome
20.

Primary malignant neoplasm of ear, nose AND/OR throat

MedGen UID:
735703
Concept ID:
C1533042
Neoplastic Process

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