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Items: 12

1.

Hiv

An infection caused by the human immunodeficiency virus. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
5583
Concept ID:
C0019693
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Dentatorubral pallidoluysian atrophy

Dentatorubral-pallidoluysian atrophy (DRPLA) is a progressive disorder of ataxia, myoclonus, epilepsy, and progressive intellectual deterioration in children and ataxia, choreoathetosis, and dementia or character changes in adults. Onset ranges from before age one year to age 72 years; mean age of onset is 31.5 years. The clinical presentation varies depending on the age of onset. The cardinal features in adults are ataxia, choreoathetosis, and dementia. Cardinal features in children are progressive intellectual deterioration, behavioral changes, myoclonus, and epilepsy. [from GeneReviews]

MedGen UID:
155630
Concept ID:
C0751781
Disease or Syndrome
3.

Thyroid cancer, follicular

Nonmedullary thyroid cancer (NMTC) comprises thyroid cancers of follicular cell origin and accounts for more than 95% of all thyroid cancer cases. The remaining cancers originate from parafollicular cells (medullary thyroid cancer, MTC; 155240). NMTC is classified into 4 groups: papillary, follicular, Hurthle cell (607464), and anaplastic. Approximately 5% of NMTC is hereditary, occurring as a minor component of a familial cancer syndrome (e.g., familial adenomatous polyposis, 175100, Carney complex, 160980) or as a primary feature (familial NMTC or FNMTC). Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is the most common histologic subtype of FNMTC, accounting for approximately 85% of cases (summary by Vriens et al., 2009). Follicular thyroid cancer (FTC) accounts for approximately 15% of NMTC and is defined by invasive features that result in infiltration of blood vessels and/or full penetration of the tumor capsule, in the absence of the nuclear alterations that characterize papillary carcinoma. FTC is rarely multifocal and usually does not metastasize to the regional lymph nodes but tends to spread via the bloodstream to the lung and bones. An important histologic variant of FTC is the oncocytic (Hurthle cell, oxyphilic) follicular carcinoma composed of eosinophilic cells replete with mitochondria (summary by Bonora et al., 2010). For a general phenotypic description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of NMTC, see NMTC1 (188550). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
64630
Concept ID:
C0206682
Neoplastic Process
4.

Immunodeficiency

Syndromes in which there is a deficiency or defect in the mechanisms of immunity, either cellular or humoral. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
7034
Concept ID:
C0021051
Disease or Syndrome
5.

Immunodeficiency 45

MedGen UID:
851876
Concept ID:
CN233357
Disease or Syndrome
6.

Immunodeficiency 42

Immunodeficiency-42 is an autosomal recessive primary immunodeficiency characterized by increased susceptibility to mycobacterial and candidal infections beginning in infancy. Patients vaccinated with BCG are particularly at risk for developing disseminated mycobacterial infections (summary by Okada et al., 2015). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
851832
Concept ID:
CN233197
Disease or Syndrome
7.

Immunodeficiency 40

Immunodeficiency-40 is an autosomal recessive primary form of combined immunodeficiency mainly affecting T-cell number and function, with other more variable defects in B-cell and NK-cell function. Patients have onset of severe invasive bacterial and viral infections in early childhood and may die without bone marrow transplantation (summary by Dobbs et al., 2015). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
834117
Concept ID:
CN231324
Disease or Syndrome
8.

Immunodeficiency 37

MedGen UID:
808100
Concept ID:
CN221289
Disease or Syndrome
9.

Immunodeficiency 29

IMD29 results from autosomal recessive IL12B deficiency and is characterized by undetectable IL12B secretion from leukocytes. IL12B-deficient patients generally present with bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) disease after vaccination in childhood, and at least half also have Salmonella infection. Infections with Mycobacterium tuberculosis and environmental mycobacteria have also been reported in IL12B-deficient patients. The phenotype is relatively mild, and patients have a good prognosis (review by Al-Muhsen and Casanova, 2008). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
807417
Concept ID:
CN219203
Disease or Syndrome
10.

Immunodeficiency 22

MedGen UID:
776947
Concept ID:
CN186319
Disease or Syndrome
11.

Atypical mycobacteriosis, familial, X-linked 2

IMD34 results in predisposition to infections by poorly virulent mycobacteria, such as bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccines and nontuberculous environmental bacteria. Affected individuals are also susceptible to the more virulent species Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Bustamante et al., 2007). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
370369
Concept ID:
C1970859
Disease or Syndrome
12.

Hypoproteinemia, hypercatabolic

MedGen UID:
343422
Concept ID:
C1855796
Disease or Syndrome
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