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Results: 1 to 20 of 38

1.

Infection

Unknown contamination with disease-producing germs. [from HHCC]

MedGen UID:
43874
Concept ID:
C0021311
Disease or Syndrome
2.

Meningitis

Meningitis is inflammation of the thin tissue that surrounds the brain and spinal cord, called the meninges. There are several types of meningitis. The most common is viral meningitis, which you get when a virus enters the body through the nose or mouth and travels to the brain. Bacterial meningitis is rare, but can be deadly. It usually starts with bacteria that cause a cold-like infection. It can block blood vessels in the brain and lead to stroke and brain damage. It can also harm other organs. Pneumococcal infections and meningococcal infections can cause bacterial meningitis. Anyone can get meningitis, but it is more common in people whose bodies have trouble fighting infections. Meningitis can progress rapidly. You should seek medical care quickly if you have: -A sudden fever . -A severe headache . -A stiff neck . Early treatment can help prevent serious problems, including death. Vaccines can prevent some of the bacterial infections that cause meningitis. Parents of adolescents and students living in college dorms should talk to a doctor about the vaccination. . NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
6298
Concept ID:
C0025289
Disease or Syndrome
3.

Meningitis

Inflammation of the meninges. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
504788
Concept ID:
CN001179
Finding
4.

Sepsis

Sepsis is a serious illness. It happens when your body has an overwhelming immune response to a bacterial infection. The chemicals released into the blood to fight the infection trigger widespread inflammation. This leads to blood clots and leaky blood vessels. They cause poor blood flow, which deprives your body's organs of nutrients and oxygen. In severe cases, one or more organs fail. In the worst cases, blood pressure drops and the heart weakens, leading to septic shock. Anyone can get sepsis, but the risk is higher in: -People with weakened immune systems. -Infants and children. -The elderly. -People with chronic illnesses, such as diabetes, AIDS, cancer, and kidney or liver disease. -People suffering from a severe burn or physical trauma. Common symptoms of sepsis are fever, chills, rapid breathing and heart rate, rash, confusion, and disorientation. Doctors diagnose sepsis using a blood test to see if the number of white blood cells is abnormal. They also do lab tests that check for signs of infection. People with sepsis are usually treated in hospital intensive care units. Doctors try to treat the infection, sustain the vital organs, and prevent a drop in blood pressure. Many patients receive oxygen and intravenous fluids. Other types of treatment, such as respirators or kidney dialysis, may be necessary. Sometimes, surgery is needed to clear up an infection. NIH: National Institute of General Medical Sciences.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
69314
Concept ID:
C0243026
Disease or Syndrome
5.

Vaccines

Preparations containing substances with antigenic properties administered to activate the immune system, thereby inducing an immune response. Vaccines range from inactivated or attenuated microorganisms (bacteria and viruses), enhanced autologous tumor cells, tumor antigens or epitopes that are used to elicit host immune responses. Vaccines are used for the prevention, amelioration, or treatment of infectious diseases and cancer. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
52963
Concept ID:
C0042210
Pharmacologic Substance
6.

Disease

Any abnormal condition of the body or mind that causes discomfort, dysfunction, or distress to the person affected or those in contact with the person. The term is often used broadly to include injuries, disabilities, syndromes, symptoms, deviant behaviors, and atypical variations of structure and function. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
4347
Concept ID:
C0012634
Disease or Syndrome
7.

Bacteremia

A laboratory test result that indicates the presence of bacteria in the blood. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
482
Concept ID:
C0004610
Disease or Syndrome
8.

disease

MedGen UID:
798428
Concept ID:
CN204926
Disease or Syndrome
9.

Error occurred: cannot get document summary

ID:
775793

10.

Related

MedGen UID:
619805
Concept ID:
C0445223
Finding
11.

Sepsis

Systemic inflammatory response to infection. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
452029
Concept ID:
CN117696
Finding
12.

Primary cortisol resistance

MedGen UID:
443921
Concept ID:
C2930863
Disease or Syndrome
13.

Infantile Parkinsonism-dystonia

Infantile parkinsonism-dystonia, also known as dopamine transporter deficiency syndrome (DTDS), is an autosomal recessive complex motor neurologic disorder with onset in infancy. Affected individuals show hyperkinesia with orolingual and limb dyskinesia, dystonia, and chorea, or hypokinesia with parkinsonian features, such as bradykinesia, rigidity, and tremor. Other features may include axial hypotonia, pyramidal tract signs, and eye movement abnormalities. Many patients are misdiagnosed as having cerebral palsy. Cognitive function appears to be less severely affected, but most patients die in the teenage years. There is no effective treatment. Laboratory studies show an increased ratio of homovanillic acid (HVA) to 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), which represents an increase in dopamine metabolites (review by Kurian et al., 2011). For an overlapping phenotype, see tyrosine hydroxylase deficiency (605407), also known as autosomal recessive Segawa syndrome. [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
413468
Concept ID:
C2751067
Disease or Syndrome
14.

Puncture wound

MedGen UID:
46089
Concept ID:
C0033119
Finding
15.

Pneumococcal meningitis

An acute purulent infection of the meninges and subarachnoid space caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, most prevalent in children and adults over the age of 60. This illness may be associated with OTITIS MEDIA; MASTOIDITIS; SINUSITIS; RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTIONS; sickle cell disease (ANEMIA, SICKLE CELL); skull fractures; and other disorders. Clinical manifestations include FEVER; HEADACHE; neck stiffness; and somnolence followed by SEIZURES; focal neurologic deficits (notably DEAFNESS); and COMA. (From Miller et al., Merritt's Textbook of Neurology, 9th ed, p111) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
44354
Concept ID:
C0025295
Disease or Syndrome
16.

Swelling

Enlargement; expansion in size; sign of inflammation [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
21042
Concept ID:
C0038999
Finding
17.

Meningitis, Pneumococcal, Recurrent

MedGen UID:
354507
Concept ID:
C1720785
Disease or Syndrome
18.

Bacterial infection of central nervous system

Bacterial infections of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges, including infections involving the perimeningeal spaces. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
199829
Concept ID:
C0752180
Disease or Syndrome
19.

Meningitis, Pneumococcal, Penicillin-Resistant

MedGen UID:
148276
Concept ID:
C0751313
Disease or Syndrome
20.

Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections

Infections caused by bacteria that retain the crystal violet stain (positive) when treated by the gram-staining method. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
39283
Concept ID:
C0085426
Disease or Syndrome

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