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Results: 1 to 20 of 46

1.

Formalin

A saturated solution of formaldehyde, water, and typically another agent, most commonly methanol. In its typical form, formalin is 37% formaldehyde by weight (40% by volume), 6-13% methanol, and the rest water. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
215328
Concept ID:
C0949307
Pharmacologic Substance
2.

Carcinogenesis

The origin, production or development of cancer through genotypic and phenotypic changes which upset the normal balance between cell proliferation and cell death. Carcinogenesis generally requires a constellation of steps, which may occur quickly or over a period of many years. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
154544
Concept ID:
C0596263
Neoplastic Process
3.

Malignant Neoplasm

Cancer begins in your cells, which are the building blocks of your body. Normally, your body forms new cells as you need them, replacing old cells that die. Sometimes this process goes wrong. New cells grow even when you don't need them, and old cells don't die when they should. These extra cells can form a mass called a tumor. Tumors can be benign or malignant. Benign tumors aren't cancer while malignant ones are. Cells from malignant tumors can invade nearby tissues. They can also break away and spread to other parts of the body. . Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for where they start. For example, lung cancer starts in the lung, and breast cancer starts in the breast. The spread of cancer from one part of the body to another is called metastasis. Symptoms and treatment depend on the cancer type and how advanced it is. Most treatment plans may include surgery, radiation and/or chemotherapy. Some may involve hormone therapy, biologic therapy, or stem cell transplantation. . NIH: National Cancer Institute.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
14297
Concept ID:
C0006826
Neoplastic Process
4.

Carcinoma

type of cancer [from CHV]

MedGen UID:
2867
Concept ID:
C0007097
Neoplastic Process
5.

Carcinoma In Situ

A malignant epithelial neoplasm which is confined to the epithelial layer without evidence of further tissue invasion. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
763
Concept ID:
C0007099
Neoplastic Process
6.

Malignant Breast Neoplasm

Breast cancer affects one in eight women during their lives. Breast cancer kills more women in the United States than any cancer except lung cancer. No one knows why some women get breast cancer, but there are a number of risk factors. Risks that you cannot change include: -Age - the chance of getting breast cancer rises as a woman gets older . -Genes - there are two genes, BRCA1 and BRCA2, that greatly increase the risk. Women who have family members with breast or ovarian cancer may wish to be tested. . -Personal factors - beginning periods before age 12 or going through menopause after age 55. Other risks include being overweight, using hormone replacement therapy (also called menopausal hormone therapy), taking birth control pills, drinking alcohol, not having children or having your first child after age 35 or having dense breasts. Symptoms of breast cancer may include a lump in the breast, a change in size or shape of the breast or discharge from a nipple. Breast self-exam and mammography can help find breast cancer early when it is most treatable. Treatment may consist of radiation, lumpectomy, mastectomy, chemotherapy and hormone therapy. Men can have breast cancer, too, but the number of cases is small. NIH: National Cancer Institute.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
651
Concept ID:
C0006142
Neoplastic Process
7.

Breast cancer

MedGen UID:
808165
Concept ID:
CN221572
Disease or Syndrome
8.

Neoplasm of the breast

A tumor (abnormal growth of tissue) of the breast. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
506444
Concept ID:
CN116912
Finding
9.

Primary cortisol resistance

MedGen UID:
443921
Concept ID:
C2930863
Disease or Syndrome
10.

Breast carcinoma

The presence of a carcinoma of the breast. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
428324
Concept ID:
CN002714
Finding
11.

Spondylometaepiphyseal dysplasia short limb-hand type

MedGen UID:
338595
Concept ID:
C1849011
Disease or Syndrome
12.

Neoplasm of breast

Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
264172
Concept ID:
C1458155
Neoplastic Process
13.

Invasive Carcinoma

A carcinoma that is not confined to the epithelium, and has spread to the surrounding stroma. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
233579
Concept ID:
C1334274
Neoplastic Process
14.

Invasive Breast Carcinoma

Cancer that has spread from where it started in the breast into surrounding, healthy tissue. Most invasive breast cancers start in the ducts (tubes that carry milk from the lobules to the nipple). Invasive breast cancer can spread to other parts of the body through the blood and lymph systems. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
163435
Concept ID:
C0853879
Neoplastic Process
15.

Breast Carcinoma

Cancer that forms in tissues of the breast, usually the ducts (tubes that carry milk to the nipple) and lobules (glands that make milk). It occurs in both men and women, although male breast cancer is rare. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
146260
Concept ID:
C0678222
Neoplastic Process
16.

Mass of body structure

In medicine, a lump in the body. It may be caused by the abnormal growth of cells, a cyst, hormonal changes, or an immune reaction. A mass may be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer). [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
108287
Concept ID:
C0577559
Finding
17.

Lesion

An area of abnormal tissue. A lesion may be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer). [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
65128
Concept ID:
C0221198
Finding
18.

Ductal carcinoma in situ

A noninvasive (noninfiltrating) carcinoma of the breast characterized by a proliferation of malignant epithelial cells confined to the mammary ducts or lobules, without light-microscopy evidence of invasion through the basement membrane into the surrounding stroma. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
765
Concept ID:
C0007124
Neoplastic Process
19.

Epithelial Neoplasm

neoplasm of epithelial origin, ranging from benign (adenoma and papilloma) to malignant (carcinoma). [from CRISP]

MedGen UID:
277963
Concept ID:
C1368683
Neoplastic Process
20.

Neoplasms, Ductal, Lobular, and Medullary

Neoplasms, usually carcinoma, located within the center of an organ or within small lobes, and in the case of the breast, intraductally. The emphasis of the name is on the location of the neoplastic tissue rather than on its histological type. Most cancers of this type are located in the breast. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
104937
Concept ID:
C0206768
Neoplastic Process

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