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Results: 1 to 20 of 48

1.

Glioma

A general term for many types of tumors of the central nervous system [from CHV]

MedGen UID:
9030
Concept ID:
C0017638
Neoplastic Process
2.

Related

MedGen UID:
619805
Concept ID:
C0445223
Finding
3.

Glioma

The presence of a `glioma` (MPATH:249), which is a `neoplasm` (MPATH:218) of the `central nervous system` (FMA:55675) originating from a glial cell (astrocytes or oligodendrocytes). [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
506305
Concept ID:
CN008593
Finding
4.

Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma

A type of central nervous system tumor that forms from glial (supportive) tissue of the brain and spinal cord. Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma usually occurs in children. It forms in the brain stem. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
458884
Concept ID:
C2986658
Neoplastic Process
5.

Dandy-Walker malformation with mental retardation basal ganglia disease and seizures

X-linked mental retardation syndrome-5 is characterized by highly variable additional features, including choreoathetosis, hydrocephalus, Dandy-Walker malformation, seizures, and iron or calcium deposition in the brain, both between and within families (summary by Cacciagli et al., 2014). See 311510 for another X-linked mental retardation syndrome associated with basal ganglia disease (Waisman syndrome). See 220219 for another mental retardation syndrome with Dandy-Walker malformation. [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
162924
Concept ID:
C0796254
Disease or Syndrome
6.

Amino acid

One of several molecules that join together to form proteins. There are 20 common amino acids found in proteins. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
250
Concept ID:
C0002520
Pharmacologic Substance
7.

Intracranial tumor

A benign or malignant neoplasm that arises from or metastasizes to structures within the cranium. This includes meningeal and other tumors that occur in the spaces that surround the brain, and neoplasms of the brain. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
287152
Concept ID:
C1527390
Neoplastic Process
8.

Epithelial neoplasm

neoplasm of epithelial origin, ranging from benign (adenoma and papilloma) to malignant (carcinoma). [from CRISP]

MedGen UID:
277963
Concept ID:
C1368683
Neoplastic Process
9.

Cancer, Embryonal

MedGen UID:
199639
Concept ID:
C0751364
Neoplastic Process
10.

MedGen UID:
155907
Concept ID:
C0751677
11.

A lesion characterized by the presence of neoplastic neuroepithelial cells with palisading nuclei. This lesion implies a morphologic growth pattern and it is not considered a clinicopathological entity. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
154309
Concept ID:
C0555199
12.

MedGen UID:
154285
Concept ID:
C0547065
13.

Benign and malignant intra-axial tumors of the MESENCEPHALON; PONS; or MEDULLA OBLONGATA of the BRAIN STEM. Primary and metastatic neoplasms may occur in this location. Clinical features include ATAXIA, cranial neuropathies (see CRANIAL NERVE DISEASES), NAUSEA, hemiparesis (see HEMIPLEGIA), and quadriparesis. Primary brain stem neoplasms are more frequent in children. Histologic subtypes include GLIOMA; HEMANGIOBLASTOMA; GANGLIOGLIOMA; and EPENDYMOMA. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
146207
Concept ID:
C0677866
14.

Astroblastoma

A rare glial neoplasm more commonly found in young adults. It is characterized by tumor cells with characteristics suggestive of an astrocytic origin (positive for GFAP), arranged perivascularly. The cells have broad, non-tapering processes radiating towards a central blood vessel. The biologic behavior of astroblastomas is variable, so no WHO grade has been established, yet. (Adapted from WHO.) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
90811
Concept ID:
C0334587
Neoplastic Process
15.

Neoplasm of central nervous system

A benign or malignant, primary or metastatic neoplasm that affects the brain, meninges, or spinal cord. Representative examples of primary neoplasms include astrocytoma, oligodendroglioma, ependymoma, and meningioma. Representative examples of metastatic neoplasms include carcinoma and leukemia. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
88335
Concept ID:
C0085136
Neoplastic Process
16.

Protoplasmic astrocytoma

A rare variant of diffuse astrocytoma. It is predominantly composed of neoplastic astrocytes showing a small cell body with few, flaccid processes with a low content of glial filaments and scant GFAP expression. This lesion is not well defined and is considered by some authors as an occasional histopathological feature rather than a reproducibly identifiable variant. When occurring in children, this neoplasm may be difficult to separate from pilocytic juvenile astrocytoma. (Adapted from WHO) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
87268
Concept ID:
C0334580
Neoplastic Process
17.

Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial

Neoplasms composed of neuroepithelial cells, which have the capacity to differentiate into NEURONS, oligodendrocytes, and ASTROCYTES. The majority of craniospinal tumors are of neuroepithelial origin. (From Dev Biol 1998 Aug 1;200(1):1-5) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
60215
Concept ID:
C0206715
Neoplastic Process
18.

Neuroectodermal Tumors

A tumor of the central or peripheral nervous system. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
60072
Concept ID:
C0206093
Neoplastic Process
19.

Neoplasm of nervous system

A benign or malignant, primary or metastatic neoplasm involving the central or peripheral nervous system. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
45046
Concept ID:
C0027766
Neoplastic Process
20.

Embryonal Neoplasm

new abnormal embryonic tissue that grows by excessive cellular division and proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease. [from CRISP]

MedGen UID:
45034
Concept ID:
C0027654
Neoplastic Process

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