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Results: 3

1.

Ethanol

If you are like many Americans, you drink alcohol at least occasionally. For many people, moderate drinking is probably safe. It may even have health benefits, including reducing your risk of certain heart problems. Moderate drinking is one drink a day for women or anyone over 65, and two drinks a day for men under 65. Some people should not drink at all, including alcoholics, children, pregnant women, people on certain medicines and people with some medical conditions. If you have questions about whether it is safe for you to drink, speak with your healthcare provider. Anything more than moderate drinking can be risky. Binge drinking - drinking five or more drinks at one time - can damage your health and increase your risk for accidents, injuries and assault. Years of heavy drinking can lead to liver disease, heart disease, cancer and pancreatitis. It can also cause problems at home, at work and with friends. . NIH: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
186
Concept ID:
C0001962
Pharmacologic Substance
2.

Mitochondrial inheritance

A mode of inheritance that is observed for traits related to a gene encoded on the mitochondrial genome. Because the mitochondrial genome is essentially always maternally inherited, a mitochondrial condition can only be transmitted by females, although the condition can affect both sexes. The proportion of mutant mitochondria can vary (heteroplasmy). [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
504838
Concept ID:
CN001305
Finding
3.

Warburg Effect

This effect refers to the high cellular levels of lactic acid in tumor cells, and is named after Otto Warburg who worked on photosynthesis. Tumor cells use excessive glucose in their rapid growth, and lactic acid is a product of the glycolytic pathway. This process is not inhibited by oxygen, therefore, it is also called aerobic glycolysis. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
275623
Concept ID:
C1520120
Cell or Molecular Dysfunction

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