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Results: 1 to 20 of 29

1.

Syndrome

A set of symptoms or conditions that occur together and suggest the presence of a certain disease or an increased chance of developing the disease. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
11688
Concept ID:
C0039082
Disease or Syndrome
2.

MYELODYSPLASTIC SYNDROME

MedGen UID:
483005
Concept ID:
C3463824
Neoplastic Process
3.

Myelodysplasia

MedGen UID:
368407
Concept ID:
C1963099
Finding
4.

de novo Myelodysplastic Syndrome

A primary myelodysplastic syndrome not associated with prior radiation or chemotherapy treatment. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
79122
Concept ID:
C0280451
Neoplastic Process
5.

Myelodysplastic syndrome

Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is a heterogeneous group of clonal hematologic stem cell disorders characterized by ineffective hematopoiesis resulting in low blood counts, most commonly anemia, and a risk of progression to acute myeloid leukemia (AML; 601626). Blood smears and bone marrow biopsies show dysplastic changes in myeloid cells, with abnormal proliferation and differentiation of 1 or more lineages (erythroid, myeloid, megakaryocytic). MDS can be subdivided into several categories based on morphologic characteristics, such as low-grade refractory anemia (RA) or high-grade refractory anemia with excess blasts (RAEB). Bone marrow biopsies of some patients show ringed sideroblasts (RARS), which reflects abnormal iron staining in mitochondria surrounding the nucleus of erythrocyte progenitors (summary by Delhommeau et al., 2009 and Papaemmanuil et al., 2011). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
44547
Concept ID:
C0026986
Neoplastic Process
6.

Myelodysplasia

MedGen UID:
10231
Concept ID:
C0026985
Congenital Abnormality
7.

DNA Methylation

The process by which methyl groups are added to nucleotides in genomic DNA. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
138191
Concept ID:
C0376452
Molecular Function
8.

Thrombocytopenia

A finding based on laboratory test results that indicate a decrease in number of platelets in a blood specimen. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
52737
Concept ID:
C0040034
Finding
9.

Methylation

A chemical reaction in which a small molecule called a methyl group is added to other molecules. Methylation of proteins or nucleic acids may affect how they act in the body. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
44400
Concept ID:
C0025723
Molecular Function
10.

Disease

Any abnormal condition of the body or mind that causes discomfort, dysfunction, or distress to the person affected or those in contact with the person. The term is often used broadly to include injuries, disabilities, syndromes, symptoms, deviant behaviors, and atypical variations of structure and function. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
4347
Concept ID:
C0012634
Disease or Syndrome
11.

disease

An alteration of health status resulting from a physiopathological mechanism, and having a homogeneous clinical presentation and evolution and homogeneous therapeutic possibilities. Excludes developmental anomalies. [from ORDO]

MedGen UID:
798428
Concept ID:
CN204926
Disease or Syndrome
12.

Independent

MedGen UID:
721426
Concept ID:
C1299583
Finding
13.

Thrombocytopenia

MedGen UID:
472158
Concept ID:
CN130080
Disease or Syndrome
14.

Primary cortisol resistance

MedGen UID:
443921
Concept ID:
C2930863
Disease or Syndrome
15.

Mutagenesis Process

Process of generating a genetic MUTATION. It may occur spontaneously or be induced by MUTAGENS. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
86969
Concept ID:
C0079866
Molecular Function
16.

Chromosomal translocation

Any type of genetic recombination involving exchange of DNA between non-homologous chromosomes, which often occurs as the result of non-homologous end-joining of broken DNA strands. Chromosomal translocation is involved in repairing broken DNA and in maintaining cell viability at the expense of long term genomic stability. This process is is associated with particular types of leukemia, infertility and Down Syndrome. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
21243
Concept ID:
C0040715
Cell or Molecular Dysfunction
17.

Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms

Abnormal anatomical or physiological conditions and objective or subjective manifestations of disease, not classified as disease or syndrome. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
21047
Concept ID:
C0039058
Sign or Symptom
18.

Pathologic Processes

The abnormal mechanisms and forms involved in the dysfunctions of tissues and organs. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
18325
Concept ID:
C0030660
Pathologic Function
19.

Diagnosis

The process of identifying a disease, such as cancer, from its signs and symptoms. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
8354
Concept ID:
C0011900
Finding
20.

Male gender

A person who belongs to the sex that normally produces sperm. The term is used to indicate biological sex distinctions, cultural gender role distinctions, or both. (NCI) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
7446
Concept ID:
C0024554
Finding

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