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Results: 10

1.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D helps your body absorb calcium, which your bones need to grow. A lack of vitamin D can lead to bone diseases such as osteoporosis or rickets. Vitamin D also has a role in your nerve, muscle, and immune systems. You can get vitamin D in three ways: through your skin, from your diet, and from supplements. Your body forms Vitamin D naturally after exposure to sunlight. However, too much sun exposure can lead to skin aging and skin cancer. So many people try to get their vitamin D from other sources. Vitamin D-rich foods include egg yolks, saltwater fish, and liver. Some other foods, like milk and cereal, often have added vitamin D. . You can also take vitamin D supplements. Check with your health care provider to see how much you should take. People who might need extra vitamin D include: -Seniors. -Breastfed infants. -People with dark skin. -People with certain conditions, such as liver diseases, cystic fibrosis and Crohn's disease. -People who are obese or have had gastric bypass surgery. NIH: National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
22670
Concept ID:
C0042866
Pharmacologic Substance
2.

Aging

Progressive damage to mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) during life is thought to contribute to aging processes. This notion is supported by the observation of an aging-related accumulation in human mtDNA of oxidative and alkylation derivatives of nucleotides, of small deletions and insertions, and of large deletions, although their low frequency raises questions about their functional significance (Michikawa et al., 1999). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
1376
Concept ID:
C0001811
3.

Vitamins

NOTE: The "vitamin B, other" subclassification (VT109) includes combinations containing only vitamin B complex. Combinations containing only vitamin D are included in subclassification (VT509). Subclassification (VT709) includes combinations of vitamin K only. The "vitamins, other" subclassification (VT809) includes any product in which a vitamin is found in combination with an ingredient which is neither a vitamin nor a mineral. [from NDF-RT]

MedGen UID:
12117
Concept ID:
C0042890
Pharmacologic Substance
4.

Calcium

You have more calcium in your body than any other mineral. Calcium has many important jobs. The body stores more than 99 percent of its calcium in the bones and teeth to help make and keep them strong. The rest is throughout the body in blood, muscle and the fluid between cells. Your body needs calcium to help muscles and blood vessels contract and expand, to secrete hormones and enzymes and to send messages through the nervous system. . It is important to get plenty of calcium in the foods you eat. Foods rich in calcium include dairy products such as milk, cheese and yogurt, and leafy, green vegetables. The exact amount of calcium you need depends on your age and other factors. Growing children and teenagers need more calcium than young adults. Older women need plenty of calcium to prevent osteoporosis. People who do not eat enough high-calcium foods should take a calcium supplement. NIH: National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
710
Concept ID:
C0006675
Pharmacologic Substance
5.

Phosphate

Inorganic salts of phosphoric acid. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
18434
Concept ID:
C0031603
Pharmacologic Substance
6.

Endoglycosidases

MedGen UID:
760845
Concept ID:
C3537242
Pharmacologic Substance
7.

MedGen UID:
115903
Concept ID:
C0231337
8.

MedGen UID:
108834
Concept ID:
C0591833
9.

Endoglycosidase [EPC]

MedGen UID:
8617
Concept ID:
C0014162
Pharmacologic Substance
10.

Glycosidase

covering the sugar hydrolases. [from CRISP]

MedGen UID:
5349
Concept ID:
C0017976
Pharmacologic Substance

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