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Results: 14

1.

Acetylcholine

A chemical made by some types of nerve cells. It is used to send messages to other cells, including other nerve cells, muscle cells, and gland cells. It is released from the nerve ending and carries signals to cells on the other side of a synapse (space between nerve cells and other cells). Acetylcholine helps control memory and the action of certain muscles. It is a type of neurotransmitter. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
7841
Concept ID:
C0001041
Pharmacologic Substance
2.

Aging

Progressive damage to mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) during life is thought to contribute to aging processes. This notion is supported by the observation of an aging-related accumulation in human mtDNA of oxidative and alkylation derivatives of nucleotides, of small deletions and insertions, and of large deletions, although their low frequency raises questions about their functional significance (Michikawa et al., 1999). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
1376
Concept ID:
C0001811
3.

Cognitive impairment

MedGen UID:
472155
Concept ID:
CN130077
Disease or Syndrome
4.

Mild

The second level of severity in an ordered list based on a five-level scale of minimal, mild, moderate, marked, and severe. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
422477
Concept ID:
C2945599
5.

Cognitive impairment

MedGen UID:
383844
Concept ID:
C1856145
Finding
6.

A loss of part or all of a physical or mental ability, such as the ability to see, walk, or learn. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
151925
Concept ID:
C0684336
7.

Severe

A term used to describe cells that look abnormal under a microscope. These cells are more likely to grow and spread quickly than cells in low-grade cancer or in growths that may become cancer. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
104640
Concept ID:
C0205082
8.

Achondroplasia

Achondroplasia is the most common process resulting in disproportionate small stature. Affected individuals have short arms and legs, a large head, and characteristic facial features with frontal bossing and midface retrusion (formerly known as midface hypoplasia). In infancy, hypotonia is typical, and acquisition of developmental motor milestones is often both aberrant in pattern and delayed. Intelligence and life span are usually near normal, although craniocervical junction compression increases the risk of death in infancy. [from GeneReviews]

MedGen UID:
1289
Concept ID:
C0001080
Disease or Syndrome
9.

MedGen UID:
108834
Concept ID:
C0591833
10.

Sequence Deletion

Deletion of sequences of nucleic acids from the genetic material of an individual. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
102460
Concept ID:
C0162773
Cell or Molecular Dysfunction
11.

Mutagenesis Process

Process of generating a genetic MUTATION. It may occur spontaneously or be induced by MUTAGENS. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
86969
Concept ID:
C0079866
Molecular Function
12.

Miochol

MedGen UID:
84302
Concept ID:
C0282037
Pharmacologic Substance
13.

Male gender

A person who belongs to the sex that normally produces sperm. The term is used to indicate biological sex distinctions, cultural gender role distinctions, or both. (NCI) [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
7446
Concept ID:
C0024554
Finding
14.

Biogenic amine

A group of naturally occurring amines derived by enzymatic decarboxylation of the natural amino acids. Many have powerful physiological effects (e.g., histamine, serotonin, epinephrine, tyramine). Those derived from aromatic amino acids, and also their synthetic analogs (e.g., amphetamine), are of use in pharmacology. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
2255
Concept ID:
C0005496
Pharmacologic Substance

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