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Results: 1 to 20 of 22

1.

Nicotine dependence

MedGen UID:
45086
Concept ID:
C0028043
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
2.

Nicotine

A plant alkaloid, found in the tobacco plant, and addictive central nervous system (CNS) stimulant that causes either ganglionic stimulation in low doses or ganglionic blockage in high doses. Nicotine acts as an agonist at the nicotinic cholinergic receptors in the autonomic ganglia, at neuromuscular junctions, and in the adrenal medulla and the brain. Nicotine's CNS-stimulating activities may be mediated through the release of several neurotransmitters, including acetylcholine, beta-endorphin, dopamine, norepinephrine, serotonin, and ACTH. As a result, peripheral vasoconstriction, tachycardia, and elevated blood pressure may be observed with nicotine intake. This agent may also stimulate the chemoreceptor trigger zone, thereby inducing nausea and vomiting. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
18039
Concept ID:
C0028040
Pharmacologic Substance
3.

Acetylcholine

A chemical made by some types of nerve cells. It is used to send messages to other cells, including other nerve cells, muscle cells, and gland cells. It is released from the nerve ending and carries signals to cells on the other side of a synapse (space between nerve cells and other cells). Acetylcholine helps control memory and the action of certain muscles. It is a type of neurotransmitter. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
7841
Concept ID:
C0001041
Pharmacologic Substance
4.

Dependence

The psychological or physiological need to take a substance in oder to experience its effects or to avoid the effects of its absence. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
141006
Concept ID:
C0439857
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
5.

Substance Dependence

MedGen UID:
20989
Concept ID:
C0038580
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
6.

Error occurred: cannot get document summary

ID:
775793

7.

Detected

MedGen UID:
617726
Concept ID:
C0442726
Finding
8.

Protein Function

The action of enzymes, regulators, chaperones etc. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
279606
Concept ID:
C1527118
Molecular Function
9.

Chemically-Induced Disorders

Disorders caused by the intentional or unintentional ingestion or exposure to chemical substances such as PHARMACEUTICAL PREPARATIONS; NOXAE; and PESTICIDES. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
772538
Concept ID:
C3658339
Disease or Syndrome
10.

Disease Attributes

Clinical characteristics of disease or illness. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
199876
Concept ID:
C0752357
Disease or Syndrome
11.

Diagnosis, Psychiatric

MedGen UID:
138165
Concept ID:
C0376338
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
12.

Genetic predisposition

A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
137259
Concept ID:
C0314657
13.

Substance-Related Disorders

Disorders related to substance abuse, the side effects of a medication, or toxin exposure. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
66746
Concept ID:
C0236969
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
14.

Tobacco user

Excessive use of tobacco products. [from HHCC]

MedGen UID:
21192
Concept ID:
C0040336
Finding
15.

Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms

Abnormal anatomical or physiological conditions and objective or subjective manifestations of disease, not classified as disease or syndrome. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
21047
Concept ID:
C0039058
Sign or Symptom
16.

Pathologic Processes

The abnormal mechanisms and forms involved in the dysfunctions of tissues and organs. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
18325
Concept ID:
C0030660
Pathologic Function
17.

Mental disorder

Mental disorders include a wide range of problems, including: -Anxiety disorders, including panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, and phobias. -Bipolar disorder. -Depression. -Mood disorders. -Personality disorders. -Psychotic disorders, including schizophrenia. There are many causes of mental disorders. Your genes and family history may play a role. Your life experiences, such as stress or a history of abuse, may also matter. Biological factors can also be part of the cause. A traumatic brain injury can lead to a mental disorder. A mother's exposure to viruses or toxic chemicals while pregnant may play a part. Other factors may increase your risk, such as use of illegal drugs or having a serious medical condition like cancer. Medications and counseling can help many mental disorders. .  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
14047
Concept ID:
C0004936
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
18.

Disorder of iodine metabolism

MedGen UID:
688210
Concept ID:
C1263965
Disease or Syndrome
19.

Effect of substance addiction

Severity of change in health status and social functioning due to substance addiction [from NOC]

MedGen UID:
635991
Concept ID:
C0518652
Finding
20.

Smoking as a quantitative trait locus 3

MedGen UID:
461518
Concept ID:
C3150168
Disease or Syndrome

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