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Results: 1 to 20 of 41

1.

Diagnosis

The process of identifying a disease, such as cancer, from its signs and symptoms. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
8354
Concept ID:
C0011900
Finding
2.

Disease

Any abnormal condition of the body or mind that causes discomfort, dysfunction, or distress to the person affected or those in contact with the person. The term is often used broadly to include injuries, disabilities, syndromes, symptoms, deviant behaviors, and atypical variations of structure and function. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
4347
Concept ID:
C0012634
Disease or Syndrome
3.

Celiac disease

Celiac disease is a systemic immune disease that can be associated with gastrointestinal findings (diarrhea, weight loss, abdominal pain, anorexia, lactose intolerance, abdominal distention, and irritability) and/or highly variable non-gastrointestinal findings (iron-deficiency anemia, dermatitis herpetiformis, chronic fatigue, joint pain/inflammation, migraines, depression, attention-deficit disorder, epilepsy, osteoporosis/osteopenia, infertility and/or recurrent fetal loss, vitamin deficiencies, short stature, failure to thrive, delayed puberty, dental enamel defects, and autoimmune disorders). Classic celiac disease, characterized by mild to severe gastrointestinal symptoms, is less common than nonclassic celiac disease, characterized by absence of gastrointestinal symptoms. [from GeneReviews]

MedGen UID:
3291
Concept ID:
C0007570
Disease or Syndrome
4.

disease

MedGen UID:
798428
Concept ID:
CN204926
Disease or Syndrome
5.

Celiac disease

MedGen UID:
505292
Concept ID:
CN002370
Finding
6.

Atrophy

Decrease in the size of a cell, tissue, organ, or multiple organs, associated with a variety of pathological conditions such as abnormal cellular changes, ischemia, malnutrition, or hormonal changes. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
83084
Concept ID:
C0333641
Pathologic Function
7.

Selective IgA deficiency

Immunoglobulin (Ig) A deficiency (IGAD) is characterized by decreased or absent levels of serum IgA in the presence of normal serum levels of IgG and IgM in a patient older than 4 years of age in whom other causes of hypogammaglobulinemia have been excluded. IgA in the dimeric form is the dominant immunoglobulin in luminal secretions, such as saliva, tears, bronchial secretions, nasal mucosal secretions, and mucous secretions of the small intestine. Individuals with selective IgA deficiency may be asymptomatic or have recurrent sinopulmonary and gastrointestinal infections, allergic disorders, and autoimmune disorders. The diagnosis of IgA deficiency depends on the measurement of monomeric IgA concentrations in serum; thus individuals with IgA deficiency may have IgA in mucosal systems, which may offer some protection (review by Yel, 2010). Genetic Heterogeneity of IgA Deficiency The IGAD1 locus maps to chromosome 6p21. See also IGAD2 (609529), which is caused by mutation in the TNFRSF13B gene (604907) on chromosome 17p11. [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
57934
Concept ID:
C0162538
Disease or Syndrome
8.

Malnutrition

Food provides the energy and nutrients you need to be healthy. If you don't get enough nutrients -- including proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and minerals - you may suffer from malnutrition. Causes of malnutrition include:: -Lack of specific nutrients in your diet. Even the lack of one vitamin can lead to malnutrition. -An unbalanced diet. -Certain medical problems, such as malabsorption syndromes and cancers. Symptoms may include fatigue, dizziness and weight loss, or you may have no symptoms. Your doctor will do tests, depending on the cause of your problem. Treatment may include replacing the missing nutrients and treating the underlying cause.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
56429
Concept ID:
C0162429
Disease or Syndrome
9.

Lymphocytosis

Excess of normal lymphocytes in the blood or in any effusion. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
9834
Concept ID:
C0024282
Disease or Syndrome
10.

Lymphocytosis

A laboratory test result indicating an abnormal increase in the number of lymphocytes in the peripheral blood, effusions, or bone marrow. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
777042
Concept ID:
C0853698
Finding
11.

Lymphocytosis

Increase in the number or proportion of lymphocytes in the blood. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
506546
Concept ID:
CN117716
Finding
12.

Malnutrition

MedGen UID:
505624
Concept ID:
CN003893
Finding
13.

Immunoglobulin A, Human

IgA is the immunoglobulin subclass that is associated with antibody-mediated mucosal immunity. It is secreted as dimers into the mucosa and is the most effective isotype at fixing complement by the alternative pathway, even though it lacks the ability to fix complement by the classical pathway. There are two subtypes in the human - IgA1 and IgA2. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
442957
Concept ID:
C2825347
Pharmacologic Substance
14.

Intraepithelial Lymphocytosis

MedGen UID:
395790
Concept ID:
C2697799
Finding
15.

Villous atrophy

MedGen UID:
154306
Concept ID:
C0554101
Finding
16.

IgA deficiency

MedGen UID:
107506
Concept ID:
C0553533
Finding
17.

Autoimmune reaction

A specific humoral or cell-mediated immune response against autologous (self) antigens. An autoimmune process may produce or be caused by autoimmune disease and may be developmentally complex, not necessarily pathological, and possibly pervasive. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
105217
Concept ID:
C0443146
Pathologic Function
18.

Immunoglobulins

there are two types of polypeptide chains responsible for the biological and immunological properties of the different immunoglobulins, the heavy chain and the light chain; they are linked by covalent and non-covalent forces to give a four-chain Y-shaped structure based on pairs of identical heavy and light chains; each chain consists of a variable region and a constant region which are coded for by different genes; some immunoglobulin classes occur as polymers of this basic monomer. [from CRISP]

MedGen UID:
43841
Concept ID:
C0021027
Pharmacologic Substance
19.

Immunoglobulin A

Represents 15-20% of the human serum immunoglobulins, mostly as the 4-chain polymer in humans or dimer in other mammals. Secretory IgA (IMMUNOGLOBULIN A, SECRETORY) is the main immunoglobulin in secretions. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
43820
Concept ID:
C0020835
Pharmacologic Substance
20.

Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases

A collective term for nutritional disorders resulting from poor absorption or nutritional imbalance, and metabolic disorders resulting from defects in biosynthesis (ANABOLISM) or breakdown (CATABOLISM) of endogenous substances. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
45164
Concept ID:
C0028715
Disease or Syndrome

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