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Results: 1 to 20 of 24

1.

Neuroblastoma

ALK-related neuroblastic tumor susceptibility results from heterozygosity for a germline ALK activating pathogenic variant in the tyrosine kinase domain that predisposes to neuroblastic tumors. The spectrum of neuroblastic tumors includes neuroblastoma, ganglioneuroblastoma, and ganglioneuroma. Neuroblastoma is a more malignant tumor and ganglioneuroma a more benign tumor. Depending on the histologic findings ganglioneuroblastoma can behave in a more aggressive fashion, like neuroblastoma, or in a benign fashion, like ganglioneuroma. At present there are no data regarding the lifetime risk to an individual with a germline ALK pathogenic variant of developing a neuroblastic tumor. Preliminary data from the ten reported families with ALK-related neuroblastic tumor susceptibility suggest that the overall penetrance is around 57% with the risk for neuroblastic tumor development highest in infancy and decreasing by late childhood. [from GeneReviews]

MedGen UID:
18012
Concept ID:
C0027819
Neoplastic Process
2.

Neuroblastoma

Neuroblastoma is a malignant tumor of neural crest cells, the cells that give rise to the sympathetic nervous system, which is observed in children. [from ORDO]

MedGen UID:
798120
Concept ID:
CN205405
Disease or Syndrome
3.

Neuroblastoma

Neuroblastoma is a solid tumor that originate in neural crest cells of the sympathetic nervous system. Most neuroblastomas originate in the abdomen, and most abdominal neuroblastomas originate in the adrenal gland. Neuroblastomas can also originate in the thorax, usually in the posterior mediastinum. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
505432
Concept ID:
CN002717
Finding
4.

Dysautonomia

Dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
505243
Concept ID:
CN002233
Finding
5.

Familial dysautonomia

Familial dysautonomia (FD) affects the development and survival of sensory, sympathetic, and parasympathetic neurons. It is a debilitating disease present from birth. Neuronal degeneration progresses throughout life. Affected individuals have gastrointestinal dysfunction, vomiting crises, recurrent pneumonia, altered sensitivity to pain and temperature perception, and cardiovascular instability. About 40% of individuals have autonomic crises. Hypotonia contributes to delay in acquisition of motor milestones. Older individuals often have a broad-based and ataxic gait that deteriorates over time. Life expectancy is decreased. [from GeneReviews]

MedGen UID:
41678
Concept ID:
C0013364
Disease or Syndrome
6.

Peripheral neuropathy

Peripheral neuropathy is a general term for any disorder of the peripheral nervous system. The main clinical features used to classify peripheral neuropathy are distribution, type (mainly demyelinating versus mainly axonal), duration, and course. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
506330
Concept ID:
CN008687
Finding
7.

Inborn genetic diseases

Diseases that are caused by genetic mutations present during embryo or fetal development, although they may be observed later in life. The mutations may be inherited from a parent's genome or they may be acquired in utero. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
181981
Concept ID:
C0950123
Disease or Syndrome
8.

Ependymoblastoma

An aggressive malignant embryonal neoplasm arising from the central nervous system. It is characterized by the presence of multilayered rosettes formation, and increased cellularity. Symptoms include increased intracranial pressure, hydrocephalus, and focal neurological signs. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
152150
Concept ID:
C0700367
Neoplastic Process
9.

Peripheral neuroepithelioma

The Ewing sarcoma family of tumors (primitive neuroectodermal tumors; PNET) comprise morphologically heterogeneous tumors that are characterized by nonrandom chromosomal translocations involving the EWS gene on chromosome 22q12 and one of several members of the ETS family of transcription factors. The tumors include Ewing sarcoma, peripheral neuroepithelioma, and Askin tumor. In approximately 90% of cases of ESFT, the FLI1 gene (193067) on chromosome 11 is the fusion partner of EWS; in approximately 10%, the EWS fusion partner is the ERG gene (165080) on chromosome 22. Many other ETS family members have been identified as fusion partners of EWS, but these cases are rare (Khoury, 2005). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
151926
Concept ID:
C0684337
Neoplastic Process
10.

Medulloepithelioma

A rare, unilateral, benign or malignant embryonic neoplasm typically presenting as a cilliary body mass during childhood. It is composed of medullary epithelial cells. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
87272
Concept ID:
C0334596
Neoplastic Process
11.

Neuroepithelial neoplasm

Neoplasms composed of neuroepithelial cells, which have the capacity to differentiate into NEURONS, oligodendrocytes, and ASTROCYTES. The majority of craniospinal tumors are of neuroepithelial origin. (From Dev Biol 1998 Aug 1;200(1):1-5) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
60215
Concept ID:
C0206715
Neoplastic Process
12.

Neuroectodermal neoplasm

A tumor of the central or peripheral nervous system. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
60072
Concept ID:
C0206093
Neoplastic Process
13.

Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy

A group of inherited disorders characterized by degeneration of dorsal root and autonomic ganglion cells, and clinically by loss of sensation and autonomic dysfunction. There are five subtypes. Type I features autosomal dominant inheritance and distal sensory involvement. Type II is characterized by autosomal inheritance and distal and proximal sensory loss. Type III is DYSAUTONOMIA, FAMILIAL. Type IV features insensitivity to pain, heat intolerance, and mental deficiency. Type V is characterized by a selective loss of pain with intact light touch and vibratory sensation. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1995, Ch51, pp142-4) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
14355
Concept ID:
C0027889
Disease or Syndrome
14.

Nervous tissue neoplasm

Neoplasms composed of nerve tissue. This concept does not refer to neoplasms located in the nervous system or its component nerves. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
14324
Concept ID:
C0027665
Neoplastic Process
15.

Neuromuscular Diseases

Neuromuscular disorders affect the nerves that control your voluntary muscles. Voluntary muscles are the ones you can control, like in your arms and legs. Your nerve cells, also called neurons, send the messages that control these muscles. When the neurons become unhealthy or die, communication between your nervous system and muscles breaks down. As a result, your muscles weaken and waste away. The weakness can lead to twitching, cramps, aches and pains, and joint and movement problems. Sometimes it also affects heart function and your ability to breathe. Examples of neuromuscular disorders include: -Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. -Multiple sclerosis. -Myasthenia gravis. -Spinal muscular atrophy. Many neuromuscular diseases are genetic, which means they run in families or there is a mutation in your genes. Sometimes, an immune system disorder can cause them. Most of them have no cure. The goal of treatment is to improve symptoms, increase mobility and lengthen life.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
10323
Concept ID:
C0027868
Disease or Syndrome
16.

Neoplasm

A general term for autonomous tissue growth in which the malignancy status has not been established and for which the transformed cell type has not been specifically identified. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
10294
Concept ID:
C0027651
Neoplastic Process
17.

Autoimmune disease

Your body's immune system protects you from disease and infection. But if you have an autoimmune disease, your immune system attacks healthy cells in your body by mistake. Autoimmune diseases can affect many parts of the body. No one is sure what causes autoimmune diseases. They do tend to run in families. Women - particularly African-American, Hispanic-American, and Native-American women - have a higher risk for some autoimmune diseases. There are more than 80 types of autoimmune diseases, and some have similar symptoms. This makes it hard for your health care provider to know if you really have one of these diseases, and if so, which one. Getting a diagnosis can be frustrating and stressful. Often, the first symptoms are fatigue, muscle aches and a low fever. The classic sign of an autoimmune disease is inflammation, which can cause redness, heat, pain and swelling. The diseases may also have flare-ups, when they get worse, and remissions, when symptoms get better or disappear. Treatment depends on the disease, but in most cases one important goal is to reduce inflammation. Sometimes doctors prescribe corticosteroids or other drugs that reduce your immune response.  [from MedlinePlus]

MedGen UID:
2135
Concept ID:
C0004364
Disease or Syndrome
18.

Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy type IIA

Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy type II (HSAN2) is characterized by progressively reduced sensation to pain, temperature, and touch. Onset can be at birth and is often before puberty. The sensory deficit is predominantly distal with the lower limbs more severely affected than the upper limbs. Over time sensory function becomes severely reduced. Unnoticed injuries and neuropathic skin promote ulcerations and infections that result in spontaneous amputation of digits or the need for surgical amputation. Osteomyelitis is common. Painless fractures can complicate the disease. Autonomic disturbances are variable and can include hyperhidrosis, tonic pupils, and urinary incontinence in those with more advanced disease. [from GeneReviews]

MedGen UID:
416701
Concept ID:
C2752089
Disease or Syndrome
19.

Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy type II

Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy type II (HSAN2) is characterized by progressively reduced sensation to pain, temperature, and touch. Onset can be at birth and is often before puberty. The sensory deficit is predominantly distal with the lower limbs more severely affected than the upper limbs. Over time sensory function becomes severely reduced. Unnoticed injuries and neuropathic skin promote ulcerations and infections that result in spontaneous amputation of digits or the need for surgical amputation. Osteomyelitis is common. Painless fractures can complicate the disease. Autonomic disturbances are variable and can include hyperhidrosis, tonic pupils, and urinary incontinence in those with more advanced disease. [from GeneReviews]

MedGen UID:
42513
Concept ID:
C0020072
Disease or Syndrome
20.

Congenital sensory neuropathy with selective loss of small myelinated fibers

Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy type V (HSAN5) is a condition that primarily affects the sensory nerve cells (sensory neurons), which transmit information about sensations such as pain, temperature, and touch. These sensations are impaired in people with HSAN5. The signs and symptoms of HSAN5 appear early, usually at birth or during infancy. People with HSAN5 lose the ability to feel pain, heat, and cold. Deep pain perception, the feeling of pain from injuries to bones, ligaments, or muscles, is especially affected in people with HSAN5. Because of the inability to feel deep pain, affected individuals suffer repeated severe injuries such as bone fractures and joint injuries that go unnoticed. Repeated trauma can lead to a condition called Charcot joints, in which the bones and tissue surrounding joints are destroyed. [from GHR]

MedGen UID:
6916
Concept ID:
C0020075
Disease or Syndrome

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