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Results: 1 to 20 of 44

1.

Abnormality

A condition that differs from the usual physical or mental state. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
309940
Concept ID:
C1704258
Finding
2.

der(1;16)(q10;p10)

MedGen UID:
272927
Concept ID:
C1515617
Cell or Molecular Dysfunction
3.

Essential thrombocythemia

Thrombocythemia, or thrombocytosis, is a myeloproliferative disorder characterized by excessive platelet production resulting in increased numbers of circulating platelets. Thrombocythemia can be associated with thrombotic or hemorrhagic episodes and occasional leukemic transformation (summary by Wiestner et al., 1998). Genetic Heterogeneity of Thrombocythemia THCYT2 (601977) is caused by germline or somatic mutation in the THPO receptor gene (MPL; 159530) on chromosome 1p34; THCYT3 (614521) is caused by germline or somatic mutation in the JAK2 gene (147796) on chromosome 9p; and a possible X-linked form (THCYTX; 300331) has been reported. Somatic mutations in the TET2 (612839), ASXL1 (612990), SH2B3 (605093), and SF3B1 (605590) genes have also been found in cases of essential thrombocythemia. Somatic mutation in the CALR gene (109091) occurs in approximately 70% of essential thrombocythemia patients who lack JAK2 and MPL mutations (Klampfl et al., 2013; Nangalia et al., 2013). [from OMIM]

MedGen UID:
11797
Concept ID:
C0040028
Disease or Syndrome
4.

Chromosome Aberrations

irregularity in the number or structure of chromosomes that may alter the course of development. [from CRISP]

MedGen UID:
954
Concept ID:
C0008625
Cell or Molecular Dysfunction
5.

Neoplasm

A general term for autonomous tissue growth in which the malignancy status has not been established and for which the transformed cell type has not been specifically identified. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
10294
Concept ID:
C0027651
Neoplastic Process
6.

leukemia

A progressive, malignant disease of the blood-forming organs, characterized by distorted proliferation and development of leukocytes and their precursors in the blood and bone marrow. Leukemias were originally termed acute or chronic based on life expectancy but now are classified according to cellular maturity. Acute leukemias consist of predominately immature cells; chronic leukemias are composed of more mature cells. (From The Merck Manual, 2006) [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
9725
Concept ID:
C0023418
Neoplastic Process
7.

Disease

Any abnormal condition of the body or mind that causes discomfort, dysfunction, or distress to the person affected or those in contact with the person. The term is often used broadly to include injuries, disabilities, syndromes, symptoms, deviant behaviors, and atypical variations of structure and function. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
4347
Concept ID:
C0012634
Disease or Syndrome
8.

disease

MedGen UID:
798428
Concept ID:
CN204926
Disease or Syndrome
9.

Myelofibrosis

Replacement of bone marrow by fibrous tissue. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
506636
Concept ID:
CN167700
Finding
10.

Acute myeloid leukemia

A form of leukemia characterized by overproduction of an early myeloid cell. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
505691
Concept ID:
CN004254
Finding
11.

Leukemia

A cancer of the blood and bone marrow characterized by an abnormal proliferation of leukocytes. [from HPO]

MedGen UID:
505002
Concept ID:
CN001727
Finding
12.

Error occurred: cannot get document summary

ID:
449856

13.

Error occurred: cannot get document summary

ID:
442132

14.

Error occurred: cannot get document summary

ID:
430295

15.

Acute

Symptoms or signs that begin and worsen quickly; not chronic. [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
61381
Concept ID:
C0205178
16.

Myelofibrosis

A partial or complete replacement of the bone marrow stroma by fibrous tissue. It can be a primary bone marrow lesion as part of the chronic myeloproliferative disorders (chronic idiopathic myelofibrosis), a manifestation of acute myeloid leukemia (acute panmyelosis with myelofibrosis), or a secondary phenomenon due to bone marrow involvement by a metastatic tumor (e.g., metastatic breast carcinoma). --2003 [from NCI]

MedGen UID:
10146
Concept ID:
C0026987
Neoplastic Process
17.

AML - Acute myeloid leukemia

Familial acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with mutated CEBPA is defined as AML in which a germline CEBPA mutation is present in a family in which multiple individuals have AML. In contrast, sporadic AML with mutated CEBPA is defined as AML in which a CEBPA mutation is identified in somatic (i.e., leukemic) cells but not in germline (i.e., non-leukemic) cells. Too few persons with familial AML with mutated CEBPA have been reported to be certain about the natural history of the disease. The age of onset of familial AML with mutated CEBPA appears to be earlier than sporadic AML; disease onset has been reported in persons as young as age four years and older than age 50 years. The prognosis of individuals with familial AML with mutated CEBPA appears to be favorable (~50%-65% overall survival) compared to the ~25%-40% overall survival of those who have normal karyotype AML but no germline CEPBA mutation. Individuals with familial AML with mutated CEBPA who have been cured of their initial disease may be at greater risk of developing additional malignant clones than persons with sporadic disease. [from GeneReviews]

MedGen UID:
9730
Concept ID:
C0023467
Neoplastic Process
18.

Myelofibrosis

Primary myelofibrosis is a condition characterized by the buildup of scar tissue (fibrosis) in the bone marrow, the tissue that produces blood cells. Because of the fibrosis, the bone marrow is unable to make enough normal blood cells. The shortage of blood cells causes many of the signs and symptoms of primary myelofibrosis. Initially, most people with primary myelofibrosis have no signs or symptoms. Eventually, fibrosis can lead to a reduction in the number of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. A shortage of red blood cells (anemia) often causes extreme tiredness (fatigue) or shortness of breath. A loss of white blood cells can lead to an increased number of infections, and a reduction of platelets can cause easy bleeding or bruising. Because blood cell formation (hematopoiesis) in the bone marrow is disrupted, other organs such as the spleen or liver may begin to produce blood cells. This process, called extramedullary hematopoiesis, often leads to an enlarged spleen (splenomegaly) or an enlarged liver (hepatomegaly). People with splenomegaly may feel pain or fullness in the abdomen, especially below the ribs on the left side. Other common signs and symptoms of primary myelofibrosis include fever, night sweats, and bone pain. Primary myelofibrosis is most commonly diagnosed in people aged 50 to 80 but can occur at any age.
[from GHR]

MedGen UID:
7929
Concept ID:
C0001815
Neoplastic Process
19.

Recurrence (disease attribute)

The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
416712
Concept ID:
C2825055
Pathologic Function
20.

Disease Attributes

Clinical characteristics of disease or illness. [from MeSH]

MedGen UID:
199876
Concept ID:
C0752357
Disease or Syndrome

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